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This Day in WWII 14 August 1940 - 1945

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1024.jpg?md=1344940557000 Dodge Ad - August 1943

1940: Air activity less pronounced, but Germans attack Southampton and Hastings; reported losses Germans 31, RAF 7.

1940: Ministry of Home Security announces that parachutes had been found in Derbyshire, Yorkshire and Scotland, but no evidence of Germans discovered.

1024.jpg?md=1344940563000 *Evelyn Keyes

1941: Joint declaration by Roosevelt and Churchill of the Atlantic Charter. 74% of Americans still oppose war.

1942: German forces cross the upper Kuban river at Krasnodar in the Caucasus.

1024.jpg?md=1344940569000 Evelyn Keyes

1942: Dwight D. Eisenhower is named the Anglo-American commander for Operation Torch, the invasion of North Africa.

1943: The Eighth Army is now only 29 miles from Messina. Italy declares Rome to be an open city by Italians.

1024.jpg?md=1344940575000 Evelyn Keyes

1943: The U.S. government sets aside 10 million barrels of beer, a sixth of the the nation's production, for use by the military. This gives the armed services enough beer for each soldier to have a bottle a day, except on Sunday.

1024.jpg?md=1344940604000 Ronson Lighter Ad - August 1943

1944: Roosevelt and Churchill meet at Quebec where they initial the Morgenthau Plan that calls for the division of post-war Germany and its transformation into a purely agricultural country.

1944: Monty launches Operation 'Tractable' towards Falaise with a carpet bombing by 800 planes.

1944: The Russians begin an offensive from their Vistula bridgeheads, 100 miles to the South of Warsaw.

1024.jpg?md=1344940580000 Evelyn Keyes

1945: Chiang Kai-shek's representatives sign a treaty of alliance with the Russians.

1945: USAAF B29's launch the last air raid of the war against Kumagaya.

990814_big.gif(READ NY TIMES ARTICLE)

1945: The Japanese Cabinet decide at a morning meeting in Imperial Palace to surrender to allies. An 8.10 pm reply to the allied ultimatum is handed to the Swiss Foreign Minister by the Japanese Minister in Berne. Truman calls a Press Conference at midnight to announce the 'Unconditional Surrender' of Japan.

1945: Gen. MacArthur is appointed to head the occupation forces in Japan.

1024.jpg?md=1344940586000 Evelyn Keyes

*Evelyn Louise Keyes was born in Port Arthur, Texas, on November 20, 1916 (for decades she would deceive the public as to her real age). Her father died when she was 2, and she and her only brother and three sisters grew up living with her mother and her grandmother in Atlanta, Georgia. Taking voice, dance and piano lessons, she was hopeful in becoming a ballerina. Instead she entered a beauty pageant or two and worked as a chorus girl before relocating to California at age 20. Shortly after her arrival in Los Angeles, a chance meeting with the legendary Cecil B. Demille led to a Paramount contract. Stories differ as to how she met DeMille. Hollywood folklore has it that she was "discovered" by a talent scout in true Lana Turner fashion while eating at a restaurant; another more believable story has it that she connected with one of DeMille's former writers, which led to an introduction.

After a handful of B movies at Paramount Pictures, she landed her most notable role, that of Scarlett O'Hara's sister Suellen in "Gone with the Wind" (1939).

1024.jpg?md=1344940592000 Evelyn Keyes

Columbia Pictures signed her to a contract. In 1941 she played an ingenue role in "Here Comes Mr. Jordan", but the studio evidently thought her too young to play romantic roles in major films, so she spent most of the 1940s playing leads in many of Columbia's B dramas and mysteries. She developed her dramatic skill sufficiently to be given the feminine lead opposite Larry Parks in Columbia's blockbuster hit "The Jolson Story" (1946). Her later performances were fewer, but noteworthy, like her 1949 role as Kathy Flannigan in "Mrs. Mike". Keyes' last important film role was a small part as Tom Ewell's vacationing wife in "The Seven Year Itch" (1955), which starred Marilyn Monroe. Keyes officially retired in 1956, but continued to act.

She was married to Barton Bainbridge from 1938 until his death from suicide in 1940. Later she married and divorced director Charles Vidor (1943–1945), actor/director John Huston (23 July 1946–February 1950), and bandleader Artie Shaw (1957–1985). Keyes said of her many relationships, "I was always interested in the man of the moment, and there were many such moments." While married to Huston, the couple adopted a Mexican child, Pablo, whom Huston had discovered while on the set of "The Treasure of the Sierra Madre".

Her autobiography, Scarlett O'Hara's Younger Sister: My Lively Life in and Out of Hollywood, was published in 1977. Keyes expressed her opinion that "Mrs. Mike" was her best film. She also wrote of the personal cost she paid by having an abortion just before "Gone with the Wind" was to begin filming. The experience left her unable to have children. Among the many Hollywood affairs she recounted were those to producer Michael Todd (who left Evelyn for Elizabeth Taylor), Anthony Quinn, David Niven and Kirk Douglas.

She died of uterine cancer on July 4, 2008 (aged 91) at her home in Montecito, California, near Santa Barbara. She had also suffered from Alzheimer's disease.


Measurements: 35 1/2-25 1/2-35 (in 1949), (Source: Celebrity Sleuth magazine)

Height: 5' 4" (1.63 m)

She became involved with flamboyant producer Michael Todd for three years during his preparation and filming of "Around the World in Eighty Days" (1956). She even played a cameo role in the movie and helped on publicity. During the filming, he broke things off after falling in love with Elizabeth Taylor, whom he later married. The positive thing that came out of it for her was that she had invested most of her money in the picture and was financial set for life as a result.

In 2005, sued Artie Shaw's estate, claiming that she was entitled to one-half of Shaw's estate pursuant to a contract to make a will between them. Shaw died in 2004. In July 2006, a Ventura, California jury unanimously held that Keyes was entitled to almost one-half of Shaw's estate, or $1,420,000.

1024.jpg?md=1344940598000 Mobiloil Ad - August 1945

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World War II ended on August 14, 1945. Who knew that this would be the last war in which the U.S. would fight for an unconditional win?

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