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This Day in WWII 11 August 1940 - 1944

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BFGoodrichAd-August1943.jpgB.F. Goodrich Ad - August 1943

 

1940: The Battle of Britain begins in earnest with 400 German planes attacking channel convoys and the coastal areas of Britain including Dover, Weymouth and Portland. The British claim 65 Luftwaffe planes down for the loss of 26 RAF fighters. It actuality, only 35 Luftwaffe planes were shot down, while the RAF had lost 29.

 

(NOTE: British historians regard the battle as running from 9 July to 31 October 1940, which represented the most intense period of daylight air raiding. German historians begin the battle in mid-August 1940 and end it in May 1941, on the withdrawal of the bomber units in preparation for Operation Barbarossa, the attack on the USSR.)

 

Ellen%20Drew1.jpg *Ellen Drew

 

1941: Soviet bombers raid Berlin but cause little damage.

 

1942: The 'Pedestal' convoy is spotted by a German U-boat. The German submarine U-73 attacks the Malta-bound British convoy and sinks HMS Eagle, one of the world's first aircraft carriers. Over the coming days 21 German and Italian submarines, nearly 800 aircraft, 23 torpedo boats, and units of the Italian fleet move in to intercept the convoy.

 

Ellen%20Drew2.jpg Ellen Drew

 

1943: German night evacuation of Sicily begins, using 134 small craft covered by 500 AA guns.

 

1944: U.S. troops capture Nantes and Angers and drive South across the Loire.

 

Ellen%20Drew-Susan%20Hayward-Betty%20Gra Ellen Drew, Susan Hayward and Betty Grable

 

1944: The Russians renew their offensive towards the Estonian border at Pskov, breaking through the Mavlenburg Line. The Germans assault the old town area of Warsaw from three sides.

 

Ellen%20Drew3.jpg Ellen Drew

*Born Esther Loretta Ray on November 23, 1915 in Kansas City, Missouri, Drew worked various jobs and won a number of beauty contests before becoming an actress. While working at an ice cream parlor, customer (and actor) William Demarest (My Three Sons - 1965 to 1972) took notice of her and was instrumental in having her put under contract at Paramount Studios in 1936. Initially billed as Terry Ray, she was groomed in starlet bits for two years until finally given a role she could sink her teeth into in the Bing Crosby musical "Sing You Sinners" (1938). Her hair was changed from brunette to auburn (sometimes blonde) and her moniker changed from Terry Ray to Ellen Drew. She became a fixture at Paramount Pictures from 1936 to 1943, where she appeared in as many as six films per year, including "The Lady's from Kentucky" (1939) with George Raft. She moved to RKO in 1944. Among her leading men were Ronald Colman, William Holden, Basil Rathbone, Dick Powell, and Robert Preston. Her films include "Christmas in July" (1940), "Isle of the Dead" (1945), "Johnny O'Clock" (1947), "The Man from Colorado" (1948), and "The Crooked Way" (1949). In the 1950s, with her movie career on the decline, she worked as a television actress.

She died from a liver ailment in Palm Desert, California on December 3, 2003 (aged 88). Her son David, five grandchildren, and some great-grandchildren survive her.

TRIVIA:

Nickname: Terry

Height: 5' 3 1/2" (1.61 m)

Spouse:

James Edward Herbert (1971 - ?)

William T. Walker (1951 - 1967) (divorced)

Sy Bartlett (16 August 1941 - 1949) (divorced) 1 child

Fred Wallace (1935 - 1940) (divorced) 1 child

Developed an alternative to the traditional hot fudge sundae called the "Cinderella". Made with peach, strawberries, pineapple, roasted almonds, lemon sherbert, vanilla ice cream and whipped cream, it is still served today.

Played the role of Margaret Anderson in the pilot episode of "Father Knows Best." Jane Wyatt took over the role when the series began its run on NBC.

ShellAviationFuelsAd-August1944.jpg Shell Aviation Fuels Ad - August 1944

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