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This Day in WWII 9 October 1939 - 1944

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CurtissWrightAd-October1944.jpg

Curtiss Wright Ad - October 1944

 

1939: Chamberlain announces committee of ministers to co-ordinate the economy.

 

1939: Hitler issues orders for the invasion of France and the Low Countries. This first plan called for the German Army to wheel through Belgium as they had done during World War One, although this time they were to invade Holland as well. Only the start date wasn't specified, although Hitler was thinking of November. However, bad weather and demands by his generals for more preparation time caused postponement until the following year.

 

Kim%20Novak1.jpg *Kim Novak

 

1940: Churchill is unanimously elected leader of the Conservative Party.

 

1940: Dutch decree, bans Jews and 'half-Jews' from public employment.

 

Kim%20Novak2.jpg Kim Novak

 

1941: President Roosevelt in a message to Congress urges the repeal of Section 6 of the Neutrality Act which would allow the arming of U.S. merchant ships against "the modern pirates of the sea", the U-boats.

 

1941: Hitler announces that the war in the East, for all intents and purposes, has already been decided in favour of the Reich.

 

Kim%20Novak3.jpg Kim Novak

 

1942: The Red Army ends its system of dual leadership by abolishing the position of the Communist political commissar in favor of a single military commander in its various units.

 

1942: Nazi leader Martin Bormann rules that "the permanent elimination of the Jews....can no longer be carried out by emigration" but must proceed "by the use of ruthless force in the special camps of the east".

 

EvereadyBatteryAd-October1945.jpg Eveready Battery Ad - October 1945

 

1943: The Russians now control the Kuban peninsula on the Black Sea, after the successful evacuation of all German and Romanian troops into the Crimea.

 

Kim%20Novak4.jpg Kim Novak

 

1944: The 1st Bulgarian Army attacks towards Nis in Yugoslavia.

 

1944: Admiral Nimitz decides to invade the island of Iwo Jima, 700 miles to the South of Japan.

 

Kim%20Novak5.jpg Kim Novak

*Kim Novak was born in Chicago, Illinois on February 13, 1933 with the birth name of Marilyn Pauline Novak. She was the daughter of a former teacher turned transit clerk and his wife, also a former teacher. Throughout elementary and high school, Kim did not get along well with teachers. She even admitted that she didn't like being told what to do and when to do it. Her first job, after high school, was modeling teen fashions for a local department store. Kim, later, won a scholarship in a modeling school and continued to model part time. Kim later worked odd jobs as an elevator operator, sales clerk, and a dental assistant. The jobs never seemed to work out so she fell back on modeling, the one job she did well. After a stint on the road as a spokesperson for an appliance company, Kim decided to go to Los Angeles and try her luck at modeling there. Ultimately, her modeling landed her an uncredited role in the RKO production of "The French Line" (1953). The role encompassed nothing more than being seen on a set of stairs. Later a talent agent arranged for a screen test with Columbia Pictures and won a small six month contract. In truth, some of the studio hierarchy thought that Kim was Columbia's answer to Marilyn Monroe. Kim, who was still going by her own name of Marilyn, was originally going to be called "Kit Marlowe". She wanted to at least keep her family name of Novak, so the young actress and studio personnel settled on Kim Novak. After taking some acting lessons, which the studio declined to pay for, Kim appeared in her first film opposite Fred MacMurray in "Pushover" (1954). Though her role as "Lona McLane" wasn't exactly a great one, it was her classic beauty that seemed to capture the eyes of the critics. Later that year, Kim appeared in the film, "Phffft" (1954) with Jack Lemmon and Judy Holliday. Now more and more fans were eager to see this bright new star. These two films set the tone for her career with a lot of fan mail coming her way. Her next film was as "Kay Greylek" in "5 Against the House" (1955). The film was well-received, but it was her next one for that year that was her best to date. The film was "Picnic" (1955). Although Kim did a superb job of acting in the film as did her costars, the film did win two Oscars for editing and set decoration. Kim's next film was with United Artists on a loan out in the controversial Otto Preminger film "The Man with the Golden Arm" (1955). Her performance was flawless, but it was was Kim's beauty that carried the day. The film was a big hit. In 1957, Kim played "Linda English" in the hit movie "Pal Joey" (1957) with Frank Sinatra and Rita Hayworth. The film did very well at the box-office, but was condemned by the critics. Kim really didn't seem that interested in the role. She even said she couldn't stand people such as her character. That same year, Novak risked her career when she embarked upon an affair with singer/actor Sammy Davis Jr.. The interracial affair alarmed studio executives, most notably Harry Cohn, and they ended the relationship in January of the following year. In 1958, Kim appeared in Alfred Hitchcock's, now classic, "Vertigo" (1958) with Jimmy Stewart. This film's plot was one that thoroughly entertained the theater patrons wherever it played. The film was one in which Stewart's character, a detective, is hired to tail a suicidal blonde half his age (Kim). He later finds out that Kim is actually a brunette shopgirl who set him up as part of a murder scheme. Her next film was "Bell Book and Candle" (1958) which was only a modest success.

Kim%20Novak6.jpg Kim Novak

By the early 1960s, the 20-something Novak's star was beginning to fade. Although she was still young, she was being overpowered by the rise of new stars or stars that were remodeling their status within the film community. With a few more nondescript films between 1960 and 1964, she landed the role of "Mildred Rogers" in the remake of "Of Human Bondage" (1964). The film debuted to good reviews. While filming "The Amorous Adventures of Moll Flanders" (1965), she had a romance with co-star Richard Johnson, whom she married, but the marriage failed the following year, although they remain friends. Kim stepped away from the cameras for a while, returning in 1968 to star in "The Legend of Lylah Clare" (1968). It was a resounding flop, perhaps the worst of her career. However, after that, Kim, basically, was able to pick what projects she wanted. After "The Great Bank Robbery" (1969) in 1969, Kim was away for another four years until returning in 1973. That year she starred in the British horror film "Tales That Witness Madness" (1973) with Joan Collins and was seen in a television movie called "The Third Girl from the Left" (1973) (TV), playing a veteran Las Vegas showgirl experiencing a midlife crisis. Again she took another hiatus before appearing in "The White Buffalo" (1977). She followed this up with the flop "Just a Gigolo" (1978), where she starred opposite David Bowie. However she did gain some attention in the mystery/thriller "The Mirror Crack'd" (1980), co-starring Elizabeth Taylor, Tony Curtis, Rock Hudson and Angela Lansbury. Five years later, she appeared in her third television movie, "Alfred Hitchcock Presents: Pilot (#1.0)" (1985).

From 1986 to 1987, Kim played, of all people, "Kit Marlowe", in the fourth season of the TV series "Falcon Crest" (1981). She played the lead in the little-seen movie "The Children" (1990), where she starred opposite Ben Kingsley and fellow Hitchcock actress Karen Black. Kim's last film, on the silver screen to date, was "Liebestraum" (1991), in which she played a terminally ill woman with a past. Since then, she has rejected many offers to appear in films and on TV.

However, unlike many of her Hollywood peers, Kim has maintained stability in her personal life. Since 1976, she has been married to Dr. Robert Malloy, who coincidentally went to medical school with Martin Dinnes, the husband of Kim's friend, Tippi Hedren. She now lives on a ranch in Oregon and is an accomplished artist who expresses herself in oil paintings and sculptures. Kim and her husband now raise lamas and horses, and frequently ski and go canoeing.

Kim began writing an autobiography in 2000, but it was lost when her house caught on fire, destroying the computer that contained her only draft. In a 2007 interview, the still-stunning Novak said she would consider returning to acting "if the right thing came along".

In October 2010, it was reported that Novak had been diagnosed with breast cancer according to her manager, Sue Cameron. Cameron also noted that Novak is "undergoing treatment" and that "her doctors say she is in fantastic physical shape and should recover very well." Upon completion of treatment, Novak was declared cancer-free.

Novak continues her creative endeavors today as a photographer, poet and visual artist who paints in watercolor, oil and pastel. Her paintings are impressionistic and surrealistic.

TRIVIA:

Measurements: 37-23-37 (Source: Celebrity Sleuth magazine)

Height: 5' 6" (1.68 m)

Nickname: The Lavender Girl

Was the original choice to play "Marion Wormer" in Animal House (1978).

Visited Sammy Davis Jr. in hospital shortly before his death.

Met her husband, Dr. Robert Malloy, in 1974 when he came to treat her sick horse. They married two years later in an outdoor ceremony at their home near the Big Sur in California. She has two stepchildren by him.

Was seriously injured in a horse-riding accident in 2006 and broke her ribs, punctured a lung and had nerve damage. She made a full recovery within a year.

CurtissWrightAd-October1945.jpg Curtiss Wright Ad - October 1945

 

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