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This Day in WWII 9 January 1940 - 1945

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EthylCorpAd-Jan1943.jpgEthyl Corporation Ad - January 1943

 

1940: German bombers sink three merchantmen in North Sea.

 

1941: The Avro Manchester III makes its first flight equipped with four Rolls-Royce Merlin engines in place of the two Rolls-Royce Vultures used on earlier marks. Ordered into production as the Lancaster, it becomes possibly the most famous RAF bomber of all time, after bearing the brunt of the Bomber Command offensive in Europe.

 

Anne%20Shirley1.jpg *Anne Shirley

 

1942: Japanese troops launch an attack against the eastern side of the Santa Rosa-Natib defence line on Bataan, making some gains, although US-Filipino counter-attacks forces them back to their start-line.

 

Anne%20Shirley2.jpg Anne Shirley

 

1943: Soviet planes drop leaflets on the surrounded Germans in Stalingrad requesting their surrender with humane terms. The Germans refuse.

 

1943: Italian destroyer Corsaro sank off the coast of Tunisia after hitting a mine.

 

Anne%20Shirley3.jpg Anne Shirley

 

1944: Countess Ciano escapes to Switzerland and is interned.

 

1944: British troops capture Maungdaw in Burma.

 

Anne%20Shirley4.jpg Anne Shirley

 

1945: The U.S. Third Army counter-attacks towards Houffalize, on the southern side of the Ardennes salient.

 

1945: British troops enter Thebes, to the Northwest of Athens.

 

1945: U.S. troops land at Lingayen Gulf on Luzon. 100,000 men are ashore in a single day, which is the largest Pacific operation so far.

 

Anne%20Shirley5.jpg Anne Shirley

*They didn't come packaged any sweeter and lovelier than Anne Shirley, a gentle and gracious 1930s teen film actress who didn't quite reach the zenith of front-rank stardom and retired all too soon at age 26. On film as a toddler, she went through a small revolving door of marquee names before legally settling (at age 16) on the name Anne Shirley, the name of her schoolgirl heroine in Anne's most famous film of all -- "Anne of Green Gables" (1934).

 

Manhattan-born Anne was christened Dawn Evelyeen Paris on April 17, 1918. Her father died while she was still a baby and she and her widowed mother lived a very meager New York existence at first. At the age of 16 months, the child was already contributing to the household finances as a photographer's model, using a sundry of different monikers including Lenn Fondre, Lindley Dawn and Dawn O'Day. With this source of monetary inspiration, her mother sought work for her daughter in films as well, and at the age of 4, Anne (billed as Dawn O'Day) made her first feature with "The Hidden Woman" (1922). She showed enough promise in the film "Moonshine Valley" (1922), as a young girl who manages to reunite her separated parents, that she and her mother made a permanent move from New York to California. Scarce work for such a young child but Anne managed to find it with minor roles in "The Rustle of Silk" (1923) and "The Spanish Dancer" (1923) for Paramount Pictures. During her adolescence she often appeared in films as the leading stars' daughter such as "Mother Knows Best" (1928) with Madge Bellamy, "The Sins of the Father" (1923) starring Jean Arthur and "Liliom" (1930) with Charles Farrell. Often times times she would play the female star of the film as a child such as Janet Gaynor's in "4 Devils" (1928), Frances Dee's in "Rich Man's Folly" (1931) and Barbara Stanwyck's in "So Big!" (1932).

Anne%20Shirley6.jpg Anne Shirley

After a rash of unbilled parts, Anne was used by Vitaphone for a series of 1930s short subjects. By her teen years she had developed before the very eyes of Hollywood into a petite and lovely young brunette. Casting agents took notice. Following roles in "Rasputin and the Empress" (1932) with the three Barrymores and "The Life of Jimmy Dolan" (1933) starring Douglas Fairbanks Jr. and Loretta Young, Anne was tested among hundreds of young aspirants and captured the role of Anne Shirley in Lucy Maud Montgomery's classic novel "Anne of Green Gables" (1934) imbuing the character with all the spirit and charm (not to mention talent) necessary. She officially became a teen celebrity after changing her moniker for the final time in conjunction with the release of the film.

 

The still-young actress finished on top, however, opposite Dick Powell in the classic movie mystery "Murder, My Sweet" (1944). Divorced from John Payne in 1943, Anne decided to end her career after her second marriage to the movie's producer Adrian Scott in 1945, tiring of the Hollywood rat race she had endured since a child. Never an ambitious actress, Anne stayed with her career as long as she did primarily to please her mother. Her three-year marriage to Scott was unable to sustain the legal troubles of her husband's 1947 blacklisting (he was one of the "Hollywood 10" imprisoned during the McCarthy era for his communist affiliations). Her 1949 marriage to screenwriter Charles Lederer, the nephew of actress Marion Davies, was her longest and most fulfilling. Their son, Daniel, was born the following year. He inherited his father's writing talent and grew up to become a poet.

 

Never tempted to resume her career at any time, she remained a charming and gracious socialite in the Hollywood circle. A painter on the side, she at one point entertained the thought of becoming a behind-the-scenes worker, such as a dialogue coach, but it was never pursued aggressively. Her husband's sudden death in 1976 triggered a severe emotional crisis for Anne, who turned for a time to alcohol. Recovered, she lived the rest of her life completely out of the limelight, dying from lung cancer at age 75 on July 4, 1993 in Los Angeles, California.

TRIVIA:

Height: 5' 2" (1.57 m)

Spouse:

Charles Lederer (19 October 1949 - 5 March 1976) (his death) 1 child

Adrian Scott (9 February 1945 - 23 August 1948) (divorced)

John Payne (22 August 1937 - 1 March 1943) (divorced) 1 child

ShellAviationFuelAd-Jan1944.jpg Shell Aviation Fuel Ad - January 1944

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