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This Day in WWII 16 April 1940 - 1945

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Chrysler-April1944.jpgChrysler Ad - April 1944

 

1940: British and French troops make landings at Namsos. Further British troops are landed in the Faeroe Islands.

 

1941: London suffers through the heaviest blitz of the war. Parliament buildings and St. Paul's Cathedral suffer damage, and more than 2,250 fires are touched off by incendiary bombs.

 

IdaLupino1.jpg *Ida Lupino

 

1941: The first American "Lend-Lease" food aid shipments arrive in Britain.

 

1942: An official inquiry into British bombing policy is setup under Mr. Justice Singleton. This was the result of a debate between Churchill's two top scientific advisors, Lord Cherwell and Sir Henry Tizard. Cherwell, supported by the Air Ministry, drew up a list of 58 German cities and towns whose destruction would knock Germany out of the war. Tizard argued that less emphasis should be put on the bombing of Germany and more on using the aircraft in the Battle of the Atlantic.

 

IdaLupino2.jpg Ida Lupino

 

1942: King George VI awards the George Cross to Malta, after more than 2,000 air raids.

 

1942: Japanese Imperial GHQ Naval Order No.18 is issued. This orders Admiral Yamamoto, C-in-C of the Japanese Combined Fleet to draw up plans for Operation 'Mi', the capture of Midway and the Aleutian Island, a plan that had originally been suggested by Admiral Yamamoto during March. The Japanese make landings on Panay Island. The US aircraft carrier Lexington, sets sail from Pearl Harbor, with orders to link up with the Yorktown in the Tonga Islands and then head, under the command of Admiral Fletcher to the Coral Sea.

 

IdaLupino3.jpg Ida Lupino

 

1943: The Royal Navy's Destroyer Pakenham and two Italian destroyers are sunk in naval engagements in Sicilian Channel.

 

1944: Yalta in the Crimea is captured by the Russians.

 

IdaLupino4.jpg Ida Lupino

 

1944: Three Japanese blow up a 300ft suspension bridge on the Silchar track.

 

1944: The destroyer USS Laffey survives horrific damage from attacks by 22 Japanese aircraft off Okinawa.

 

IdaLupino5.jpg Ida Lupino

 

1945: In northern Holland the Canadians take Harlingen, 50 miles Northeast of Amsterdam and occupies Leeuwarden and Groningen. The US First Army captures Solingen and Wuppertal; Americans enter Nuremberg.

 

1945: Soviet troops begin their final attack on Berlin.

 

IdaLupino6.jpg Ida Lupino

 

1945: Hitler issues the last Order of the Day to the Eastern Front, saying 'He who gives orders to retreat . . . is to be shot on the spot' as the 1st Belorussian Front and the 1st Ukrainian Front start the final offensive on Berlin from along the Oder-Neisse line.

 

1945: Off the Hela peninsula in the Baltic, the German liner Goya is torpedoed by a Russian submarine, killing 6,500 wounded soldiers and refugees.

 

IdaLupino7.jpg Ida Lupino

 

1945: The British take Taungup in Southwest Burma, thereby depriving the Japanese of their last coastal supply base.

 

1945: U.S. landings begin on Ie-shima Island and three airfields are taken.

 

IdaLupino8.jpg Ida Lupino

 

*Ida was born on February 4, 1914, Camberwell, London, England to a show business family. In 1933, her mother brought Ida with her to an audition and Ida got the part her mother wanted. The picture was "Her First Affaire" (1932). Ida, a bleached blonde, came to Hollywood in 1934 and played small and insignificant parts. "Peter Ibbetson" (1935) was one of her few noteworthy movies and it was not until "The Light That Failed" (1939) that she got a chance to get better parts. In most of her movies, she was cast as the hard, but sympathetic woman from the wrong side of the tracks. In "The Sea Wolf" (1941) and "High Sierra" (1941), she played the part magnificently. It has been said that no one could do hard-luck dames the way Lupino could do them. She played tough, knowing characters who held their own against some of the biggest leading men of the day - Humphrey Bogart, Ronald Colman, John Garfield and Edward G. Robinson. She made a handful of films during the forties playing different characters ranging from "Pillow to Post" (1945), where she played a traveling saleswoman to the tough nightclub singer in "The Man I Love" (1947). But good roles for women were hard to get and there were many young actresses and established stars competing for those roles. She left Warner Brothers in 1947 and became a freelance actress. When better roles did not materialize, Ida stepped behind the camera as a director, writer and producer. Her first directing job came when director Elmer Clifton fell ill on a script that she co-wrote "Not Wanted" (1949). Ida had joked that as an actress, she was the poor man's Bette Davis. Now, she said that as a director, she became the poor man's Don Siegel. The films that she wrote, or directed, or appeared in during the fifties were mostly inexpensive melodramas. She later turned to Television where she directed episodes in shows such as "Alfred Hitchcock Presents", "The Twilight Zone", "Have Gun - Will Travel", "The Donna Reed Show", "Gilligan's Island", "77 Sunset Strip", "The Investigators", 'The Ghost & Mrs. Muir", "The Rifleman", "Batman", "Sam Benedict", "Bonanza", "The Untouchables", "The Fugitive"," Columbo", and "Bewitched". In the seventies, she did guest appearances on various television show and small parts in a few movies. Ida Lupino died from a stroke while she was undergoing treatments for colon cancer in Los Angeles in August 1995, at the age of 77.

 

TRIVIA...

Nickname: Little Scout

Height: 5' 4"

Her daughter was born on April 23, 1952. She only weighed 4 pounds and almost died.

Lupino was married and divorced three times:

* Louis Hayward, actor (November 1938 - May 11, 1945)* Collier Young, producer (1948 - 1951)

* Howard Duff, actor (October 1951 - 1984), with whom she had a daughter, Bridget Duff (b. April 23, 1952)

 

Westinghouse-April1945.jpg Westinghouse Ad - April 1945

 

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