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This Day in WWII 13 June 1940 - 1945

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StudebakerAd-June1943.jpgStudebaker Ad - June 1943

 

1940: Germans troops advance on both sides of Paris. General Weygand declares the French capital an 'open city'.

 

1940: Armed merchant-cruiser Scotstown is torpedoed by U-25 off Ireland, 6 crew lost. The first US arms ship, 'Eastern Prince', sets sail for Britain.

 

VirginiaField1.jpg *Virginia Field

 

1940: Italian bombers attack the French naval base at Toulon.

 

1940: The British submarine Odin is sunk by the Italian destroyer Strale in Gulf of Taranto.

 

1940: The German raider Orion lays mines off Auckland, New Zealand.

 

VirginiaField2.jpg Virginia Field

 

1941: The Luftwaffe carries out a raid on the British naval base at Chatham, but with little success.

 

1941: 29 People Killed, when German dive-bombers sink the Great Western Railway steamer St. Patrick.

 

VirginiaField3.jpg Virginia Field

 

1941: Russian news agency Tass, denies German threat on its borders and calls rumors 'absurd and obviously sheer hostile propaganda.' The Russians begin to arrest those in the Baltic States who might support a German occupation. In all, about 50,000 are rounded up, with the majority never to be seen alive again.

 

1941: Russo-Japanese trade agreement announced in Tokyo.

 

StudebakerAd-June1944.jpg Studebaker Ad - June 1944

 

1942: President Roosevelt authorizes the creation of the U.S. Office on War Information (OWI). The first director is Elmer Holmes Davis, a CBS commentator and novelist.

 

1942: German tanks and anti-tank batteries destroy 138 British tanks in and around the Knightsbridge pocket. This left the Eighth Army with only 75 armoured vehicles operational and threatened the main British supply route along the Trigh Capuzzo, which in turn threatened the 1st South African and British 50th Division which were still defending the northern part of the Gazala line. Lieutenant General Ritchie, without informing General Auchinleck, who wanted to hold west of Tobruk, ordered these two divisions to pull back towards Tobruk.

 

VirginiaField4.jpg Virginia Field

 

1942: Shortly after midnight on the morning of June 13, four men landed on a beach near Amagansett, Long Island, New York, from a German submarine, clad in German uniforms and bringing ashore enough explosives, primers, and incendiaries to support an expected two-year career in the sabotage of American defense-related production. On June 17, a similar group landed on Ponte Vedra Beach, near Jacksonville, Florida, equipped for a similar career in industrial disruption. However, all are captured within days and six are executed after a trial.

 

VirginiaField5.jpg Virginia Field

 

1943: Night fighter ace Wing Commander John Cunningham, brings down his 16th victim over southern England.

 

1944: The first V1 flying bomb is launched against Britain during Operation 'Rumpelkammer' and hits Swanscombe in Kent at 0418, causing shock and near panic among the civilian population.

 

VirginiaField6.jpg Virginia Field

 

1944: Near Villers-Bocage, a single Tiger tank from the 12th SS Panzer Division (Michael Wittmann's) destroys 25 tanks and other vehicles of the British 7th Armoured Division.

 

1945: U.S. and Australian troops enter Brunei, in Borneo.

 

VirginiaField7.jpg Virginia Field

 

*Born Margaret Cynthia Field on November 4, 1917 in London, her father was the judge of England's Leicester County Court Circuit. Her mother was a cousin of Robert E. Lee, and Miss Field chose the stage name Virginia in honor of Lee's home state.

 

Miss Field was educated in Paris and Vienna. Her first stage role was in Max Reinhardt's production of "All's Well That Ends Well." She started her film career in England, starring in the film "The Lady Is Willing," with Sir Cedric Hardwicke, in 1934.

 

She then was brought to the U.S. to appear in David O. Selznick's "Little Lord Fauntleroy" (1936). She was signed by 20th Century-Fox after someone at the studio saw a screen test she agreed to appear in as a favor to another actor. The studio hired her instead of the friend. In the late 1930s she appeared in various parts in 20th Century Fox's "Mr. Moto" movie series. She appeared in over 40 films, many in the 1930's and 40's, often playing the "other woman." Her film credits include "Ladies in Love" (1936), "Waterloo Bridge" (1940), "Repeat Performance" (1947), "A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court" (1949) and "Dial 1119" (1950).

 

Miss Field was a co-star of the 1942 comedy "The Doughgirls" on Broadway and also appeared in "Light Up the Sky," a comedy by Moss Hart, in 1948.

Fields married three times, including a marriage to actor Paul Douglas and a marriage to actor Willard Parker. She and Douglas had a daughter (Margaret Field Douglas, born 1945).

 

Virginia Field died of cancer on January 2, 1992 (aged 74) in Palm Desert, California. Her husband survives her. Parker will die at age 84 in 1996 in Rancho Mirage, California, from heart failure.

 

StudebakerAd-June1945.jpg Studebaker Ad - June 1945

 

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