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This Day in WWII 7 July 1940 - 1944

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ChryslerCorporation-July1945.jpgChrysler Corporation Ad - July 1945

 

1940: A French naval squadron that has sought refuge at Alexandria is disarmed and interned by the British Navy.

 

1940: Italy allows French Mediterranean bases to remain armed.

 

Anne%20Gwynne-Yank%20Pinup.jpg *Anne Gwynne - YANK Pinup Girl - June 11, 1944

 

1941: Under the pretext of defending the western hemisphere against Axis incursions, the U.S. 1st Marine Brigade is landed in Iceland to relieve the British garrison that has been there since the previous year.

 

1942: Operation 'Rutter' is again delayed. The date for the attack is now postponed until the 19th August. However, General Montgomery calls for the attack to be cancelled because too many people know about it, but General Paget and Admiral Lord Louis Mountbatten and General Paget insist the attack should be mounted.

 

Anne%20Gwynne1.jpg Anne Gwynne

 

1942: Two pro-German spies, Jose Key and Alphons Timmerman are hanged at Wandsworth prison.

 

1942: 4th Panzer Army enter Voronezh, 150 miles to the east of Kursk. Army Group A begins its offensive in to the Donets Basin. The STAVKA (Red Army High Command) creates the Voronezh Front under General Rokossovsky and is to cover the widening gap between the Bryansk and South-West Fronts.

 

Anne%20Gwynne2.jpg Anne Gwynne

 

1942: Himmler grants permission for sterilization experiments at Auschwitz.

 

1942: China makes a plea for the allied forces to make the Pacific rather than Europe the focus of action. The Chinese cite that they have been under attack by the Japanese since 1936, long before the European nations went to war.

 

ChampionSparkPlug-July1945.jpg Champion Spark Plug Ad - July 1945

 

1943: Off the coast of Brazil, U-185 (Kptlt. Maus) sinks 3 merchant ships.

 

1943: Adolf Hitler makes the V-2 missile program a top priority in armament planning.

 

Anne%20Gwynne3.jpg Anne Gwynne

 

1943: The German forces engaged at Kursk are still unable to achieve a major breakthrough in the face of stiffening Soviet resistance, which is reinforced by the arrival of strong tank and infantry reserves. Lt. Hartmann of II/JG 52, downs 7 Soviet aircraft near Kursk, bringing his total since the start of the offensive to 22.

 

1943: China enters the seventh year of 'The Double Seven War', which started on 7/7/1936.

 

Anne%20Gwynne4.jpg Anne Gwynne

 

1944: 450 heavy RAF bombers carry out a saturation raid (2,300 tons) on the German defenses in and around Caen. 1,129 USAAF bombers attack aircraft factories and oil plants in the Leipzig area.

 

1944: Attacks by the US Seventh Army in the Carentan area of the Cotentin peninsula are blunted by violent German counter-attacks.

 

1944: Vice-Admiral Nagumo and General Saito, commit suicide as the Japanese position on Saipan deteriorates.

 

Anne%20Gwynne5.jpg Anne Gwynne

 

*Vivid, strikingly beautiful actress Anne Gwynne arrived in Hollywood a typical starry-eyed model looking to become a big film star, and ended up one of Universal Studio's favorite screamers in "B" horror films. Born Marguerite Gwynne Trice in Waco, Texas on December 10, 1918, but raised in Missouri, she first modeled Catalina swimwear and appeared in local community theater productions to gain experience. Universal Studios took one look at this gorgeous eyeful and immediately signed her up in 1939. Her first work was in westerns opposite the likes of Johnny Mack Brown, but she swiftly moved to chillers and at the mercy of Boris Karloff, Bela Lugosi, and Lon Chaney Jr.. Though she seldom rose above the second-string ranks, she was quite popular with the servicemen as a WWII pin-up.

 

Gwynne was a welcome presence in Universal's "B" product, appearing in many of the studio's horror films (The Black Cat, The Strange Case of Dr. Rx, Weird Woman, House of Frankenstein et. al.). She also played the villainous Sonja in the 1940 serial "Flash Gordon Conquers the Universe" and appeared with Abbott and Costello in "Ride 'Em Cowboy" (1941). Free-lancing after Universal cut her loose in 1945, Gwynne played Tess Trueheart in RKO's "Dick Tracy Meets Gruesome" (1947). She left films briefly in the mid-1950s, making an undistinguished comeback in "Teenage Monster" (1958), as the mother of the title character.

 

Anne%20Gwynne6.jpg Anne Gwynne

 

Gwynne was a television pioneer, appearing in TV's first filmed series, "Public Prosecutor" (1947-48), 26 mysteries each 17½ minutes in running time. When aired, the DuMont Television Network stopped the film before the climax and a live three-member panel would try to guess the identity of the culprit. Other TV stations could buy rights to air this series but usually did not use panelists. As many others before her, TV proved a welcome medium in the 50s as her film career fell away, appearing in guest spots and commercials.

 

Widowed in 1965, her health began to deteriorate in the 90s and she was forced to move to the Motion Picture Country Home. Anne Gwynne had the looks and talent to be a top star, but not the luck. Nevertheless, she was a game player who screamed with the best of them. She passed away on March 31, 2003 at age 84 in Woodland Hills, California following complications of a stroke following surgery at the Motion Picture Country Hospital.

 

TRIVIA:

Height - 5' 5"

Was one of the top five pin-ups in World War II, according to a February 15, 1943 "Life" magazine article. Others were Dorothy Lamour, Ann Sheridan , Maureen O'Hara and Alexis Smith.

#1 pinup girl for 2 years in the "YANK" magazine for WWII servicemen.

A former "Miss San Antonio".

WesternElectric-July1945.jpg Western Electric Ad - July 1945

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