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This Day in WWII 12 December 1939 - 1944 *1937


Donster

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dec1244a.jpg

1939: Two German cruisers which are accompanied by 5 destroyers are damaged by torpedo's from the British submarine HMS Salmon as they are returning from a mine laying operation off the northeast coast of England. Later in the day, HMS Salmon also gives warning under the 'rules of war' to a German liner, although it reaches the port of Bremen safely.

1939: Finnish have some success against Russian troops at Tolvajärvi, inflicting heavy casualties.

1940: Sheffield is heavily bombed by the Luftwaffe.

LanaTurner1942.jpg Lana Turner

1941: Britain declares war on Bulgaria.

1941: Bulgaria declares war on both Britain and the USA.

1941: Hungary and Romania declare war on the United States.

1941: US declares war on Hungary, Romania and Bulgaria after receiving those country's declarations of war against the US.

1941: The ship "Struma" leaves Romania for Palestine carrying 769 Jews but is later denied permission by British authorities to allow the passengers to disembark. In Feb. 1942, it sails back into the Black Sea where it is intercepted by a Soviet submarine and sunk as an "enemy target."

1942: The 1,500 ton destroyer HMS Partridge is sunk off the coast of Algeria by U-565, commanded by Wilhelm Franken.

1942: In the Mediterannian Sea, Italian midget submarines sink four ships in the harbor at Algiers.

1942: A hastily assembled force of 13 divisions, including three Panzer divisions, under the control of 4.Panzerarmee (Hoth), begins Operation Winter Tempest, the relief of 6.Armee (von Paulus) encircled at Stalingrad.

dec1244b.jpg Angela Greene

1943: Rommel becomes C in C of Army Group B, which covers the coastal defences from Holland to Bay of Biscay.

1943: The exiled Czech government signs a treaty with the Soviet Union for postwar cooperation.

1944: The underground V-weapon factory at Wittring is captured by the U.S. Third Army.

*1937: The Japanese fire on British and U.S. ships on the Yangtze River in China, sinking the American ship Panay. The Japanese apologize to the United States and pay reparations; the British refuse to accept any Japanese apology.

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