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This Day in WWII 19 February 1940 - 1945


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cv021940.jpg Romanian Royalty

1940: Destroyer HMS Daring torpedoed, 157 are killed.

1940: Finnish forces defeat and disperse the Soviet 18th Division northeast of Lake Ladoga.

ConstanceBennett.jpg Constance Bennett

1942: General Gamelin, Leon Blum and Paul Reynaud are put on trial at Riom by the Vichy government, charged with being responsible for the French defeat of 1940. The trial is never concluded. Blum defends himself so brilliantly that the trial is suspended. He remains a prisoner until 1945.

1942: Under increasing threat of being outflanked by the advancing Japanese, the 17th Indian Division is finally given permission to withdraw across the river Sittang.

1942: Largest Japanese air raid since Pearl Harbor occurs against Darwin, Australia as the Japanese attack twice in one day.

1942: The Battle of Badung Strait results in a Japanese victory, as an American-British-Dutch-Australian Command (ABDA) naval squadron attempts to prevent the Japanese landing on Bali. The Allies lose 1 Dutch destroyer sunk and 2 Dutch cruisers and a US destroyer damaged.

1942: Japanese invade Bali.

1942: Executive Order 9066 is signed by President Roosevelt, authorizing the transfer of more than 100,000 German, Italian and Japanese-Americans living in coastal Pacific areas to concentration camps in various inland states (and including inland areas of California). Those interned lose an estimated 400 million dollars in property, as their homes and possessions are taken from them.


1943: A two-day U-boat attack on Convoy ONl16 in the North Atlantic ends with 15 allied ships sunk.

1943: The first Chindit action against Japanese occurs.

rememberpearlharbor-postcard.jpg WWII Post Card

1944: The U.S. Eighth Air Force and Royal Air Force begin "Big Week," a series of heavy bomber attacks against German aircraft production facilities.

1944: The RAF saturates Leipzig, dropping 2,300 tons of bombs, but lose 78 of 823 bombers.

1944: A Japanese convoy is smashed by allied aircraft in the Bismarck Archipelago.

990219_big.gif(READ NY TIMES ARTICLE)

1945: After a heavy bombardment, 30,000 US Marines land on Iwo Jima, but suffer 2,420 casualties on the first day.

1945: German forces re-establish communications between Königsberg and the port of Pillau, thus again enabling tens of thousands of German refugees to be evacuated to the west by ships of the Kriegsmarine. 'Operation Sonnenwende' is finally ended in the face of ever strengthening Red Army resistance. The operation was a complete military failure, although did show that the German Army could still organize and mount limited counter-attacks.

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