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This Day in WWII 3 February 1941 - 1945

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bfgoodrichad2feb1943.jpg B.F. Goodrich Ad - February 1943

1941: Hitler reviews the plans for Operation 'Barbarossa', as German intelligence estimates that 155 Red Army divisions are deployed in western Russia against just 116 German and Axis divisions. The starting date is again confirmed as the 15th May 1941.

1941: 33 Italian Fascist Party leaders are dispatched to bolster morale on the Albanian front.

1941: The British 'Northern Force' bumps into the Italian defences at Keren, but fail to crack them open. General Platt decides he must build up his forces for a major assault.

juliebishop2.jpg *Julie Bishop

1942: German forces of Army Group Centre launch a counterattack at Vyazma, cutting off and encircling several Red Army divisions.

1942: Japanese air raids on Port Moresby.

1942: President Quezon of the Philippines proposes to President Roosevelt that his country should be granted total independence from the USA so that it could declare itself neutral, but Roosevelt dismisses this idea. General MacArthur warns Roosevelt that the Bataan garrison has suffered over 50 per cent casualties and it was 'near done'. MacArthur was given permission by Roosevelt to surrender Filipino, but not US troops who were to fight until the end.

juliebishop4t.jpg Julie Bishop

1943: Finland begins talks with the Soviet Union.

juliebishop3.jpg Julie Bishop

1944: An attempt to breakout of the Anzio Beachhead ends after an advance of just three miles in three days. The German begin their first counterattacks against Anzio.

1944: The Japanese open their counter-offensive against the British in Arakan, Burma.

1944: The United States shells the Japanese homeland for the first time at Kurile Islands.

juliebishop.jpg Julie Bishop

1945: The US 8th Air Force, with 937 bombers and 613 fighters, carries out the heaviest attack to date dropping 3,000 tons of bombs on Berlin, which levels large areas of the city and kills more than 25,000 civilians.

excidebatteryadfeb1943.jpg Excide Battery Ad - February 1943

1945: The Russians capture Landsberg, 80 miles Northeast of Berlin.

1945: The month-long Battle of Manila begins.

juliebishop5.jpg Julie Bishop

*Julie Bishop was an American film and television actress. She appeared in over 80 films between 1923 and 1957.

Bishop was born Jacqueline Wells on August 30, 1914 in Denver, Colorado, and used her birth name professionally through 1941. She also appeared on stage (and in one film) as Diane Duval. Early in her career she appeared in several Laurel and Hardy films (Any Old Port! and The Bohemian Girl), and she settled on the name by which she is best remembered when offered a contract by Warner Bros. on the condition that she change her name, which was associated with her almost exclusively B-movie appearances through 1941 (amounting to nearly 50 films over 17 years). She chose the name because it matched the monograms on her luggage (she had for a time been married to Walter Booth Brooks III, a writer).

She made 16 films at Warners, including a supporting role in 1943's "Princess O'Rourke", supporting Olivia de Havilland and Robert Cummings. While filming, she met her second husband, Clarence Shoop, a pilot. She was Humphrey Bogart's leading lady in "Action in the North Atlantic" (1943), played Ira Gershwin's wife in the biopic "Rhapsody in Blue" (1945), and closed out her Warners years in 1946's "Cinderella Jones".

In 1949, Bishop played a down-on-her-luck wife and mother in "The Sands of Iwo Jima", opposite John Wayne. She was among several former Wayne co-stars (including Laraine Day, Ann Doran, Jan Sterling, and Claire Trevor) who joined the actor in the 1954 aviation drama "The High and the Mighty". Her last picture was "The Big Land" (1957) with Alan Ladd.

She died of Pneumonia on her birthday at age 87 on August 30, 2001, in Mendocino, California.

TRIVIA:

Height: 5' 3" (1.60 m)

Spouse:

William F. Bergin (1968 - 30 August 2001) (her death)

Clarence A. Shoop (July 1944 - 1968) (his death) 2 children

Walter Booth Brooks III (1936 - 1939) (divorced)

Bishop had one daughter, actress Pamela Susan Shoop, and one son (also by Shoop), like his father a pilot.

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