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This Day in WWII 25 April 1940 - 1945


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mobilgasadapril1943.jpg Mobilgas Ad - April 1943

1940: Allied forces withdraw from Lillehammer in central Norway.

1940: New evacuation scheme introduced in Britain as a Ministry of Health survey shows that only 8% of eligible children have been registered; 19% of parents refused to do so; 73% did not bother to reply.

joancaulfield7.jpg *Joan Caulfield

1941: Roosevelt announces an indefinite extension of US Atlantic patrols.

1941: German paratroops seize Corinth and cross the Corinth Canal to the Peloponnese. Hitler issues Directive No.28, ordering the preparation of plans to capture Crete. The basic plan is to involve 22,750 paratroops, 650 combat aircraft and is to be launched on the 18th May 1941, although this is put back to the 20th May 1941.

joancaulfield6.jpg Joan Caulfield

1942: The Luftwaffe attack Bath as the 'Baedeker' raids continue.

1943: On his last patrol aboard U-404, Kapitänleutnant Otto von Bülow fires two FAT and two G7e torpedoes at British aircraft carrier HMS Biter. All detonate prematurely and HMS Biter escapes without damage. Von Bülow is later decorated by Hitler with Oak leaves to his Knights Cross for his Atlantic successes and German newspapers report the recent sinking of the American carrier USS Ranger as well. Later, USS Ranger commander Gordon Rowe, is photographed aboard his carrier smiling at a photograph of von Bülow and the German report of his vessel's demise.

joancaulfield4.jpg Joan Caulfield

1944: With Allied control of the skies over Germany now virtually complete, Goebbels strongly objects to Hitler's plan to fly to Berlin for one of his rare visits to attend Colonel General Hube's funeral. Hitler insists on going anyway. It will be the last time the increasingly reclusive Fuhrer will show himself at a large public gathering in the Third Reich.

1944: The British right hook South of Kohima begins.

joancaulfield3.jpg Joan Caulfield

1945: Beginning of the San Francisco Conference convened to discuss the founding of the United Nations.

1945: German U-boats sink 5 allied supply ships in the English Channel.

joancaulfield2.jpg Joan Caulfield

1945: The U.S. Third Army crosses the Danube, 70 miles Northeast of Munich. The RAF attacks the ‘Eagle’s Nest’, Hitler’s chalet and the SS barracks at Berchtesgarten. Troops of the U.S. Ninth Army and the Soviet 1st Ukrainian Front meet on the Elbe at Torgau, 100 miles Southwest of Berlin.

1945: The U.S. Fifth Army enters Mantua, 60 miles Northwest of Bologna and continues its drive up coast, while the British Eighth Army crosses the Po river and captures Parma.

joancaulfield.jpg Joan Caulfield

1945: Russian units of the 1st Belorussian and 1st Ukrainian Fronts meet at Kietzen west of Berlin, meaning that eight Russian armies have now surrounded Berlin in a vice like grip. The suburbs Tegel and Reinickendorf fall into Russian hands. A relief attack by the III Panzer Korps from the area of Eberswalde 50 miles northeast of Berlin fails.

1945: U.S. Marines seize islands off coast of Okinawa in Pacific.

joancaulfield5.jpg Joan Caulfield

*Beatrice Joan Caulfield was born on June 1, 1922 in East Orange, New Jersey. Born while her family resided in East Orange, New Jersey, she moved to West Orange during childhood but continued attending Miss Beard's School in Orange, New Jersey. During her teenage years, the family moved to New York City where Joan eventually attended Columbia University.

One of her most memorable roles was when she was lent out to Warner Bros. to appear in "The Unsuspected" (1947) alongside Claude Rains and Audrey Totter. Later in life she appeared mostly on television, appearing on programs such as "Cheyenne", "Baretta", and "Murder, She Wrote", with Angela Lansbury. In the 1957-1958 season, Caulfield starred in her own short-lived NBC situation comedy, "Sally" in the role of a traveling companion to an elderly widow, played by Marion Lorne. At midseason, Gale Gordon and Arte Johnson joined the cast.

An urban legend states that Caulfield's film "Dear Ruth" (1947) inspired author J.D. Salinger to name the protagonist of his novel The Catcher in the Rye (1951) "Holden Caulfield" after seeing a movie theater marquee with the film's stars: Caulfield and William Holden. However, Holden Caulfield was mentioned in Salinger's short story "Last Day of the Last Furlough" in the July 15, 1944 issue of the Saturday Evening Post, three years before Dear Ruth. The earliest known use of the Caulfield name, including a mention of Holden, is in the unpublished 1942 story "The Last and Best of the Peter Pans." A more common version of the legend claims that Salinger was taken by Joan Caulfield upon first seeing her in a modeling photo or a publicity still or an acting performance. Since Joan was a leading model by 1941 and her acting career began in 1942 with an appearance in the short-lived Broadway musical "Beat the Band", this version of the legend makes his using her surname for his character at least possible.

Joan was considered a very beautiful woman, she charmed everyone she worked with and on April 29, 1950 she married Frank Ross, with whom she remained married until April 1, 1960. They had one child. On November 24, 1960 she married again, this time with Dr. Robert Peterson, but they divorced on June 9, 1966. They had one son, John.

She died two weeks after cancer surgery in Los Angeles, aged 69, from cancer at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, and had lived in Beverly Hills, California.

Trivia:

Measurements: 35 1/2-25-35 1/2

Height: 5' 5" (1.65 m)

Department of Strange Coincidences: Caulfield's former spouse, Frank Ross, had earlier been married to Jean Arthur. On the very day after Caulfield's death, Arthur herself died.

Hailed in her time as one of the screen's great beauties, many of her cameramen said she was one of the few women in Hollywood whom it was virtually impossible to photograph badly.

philcocorporationadapri.jpg Philco Corporation Ad - April 1944

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