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This Day in WWII 2 May 1940 - 1945


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philcoadmay1942.jpg Philco Ad - May 1942

1940: Germans troops reach Aandalesnes. Allied forces are evacuated from Namsos. Chamberlain announces British forces are to withdraw from southern Norway.

1941: British Evacuation of Greece complete.

eleanorparker6.jpg *Eleanor Parker

1941: Hostilities break out between British forces in Iraq and that country's pro-German faction. Iraqis attack the British base at Habbaniya, but are repulsed.

1942: Admiral Chester J. Nimitz, convinced that the Japanese will attack Midway Island, visits the island to review its readiness.

eleanorparker.jpg Eleanor Parker

1942: Admiral Fletcher, leaves the Lexington and her escorts to refuel, taking the Yorktown and her escorts and steamed north towards Tulagi.

1942: American bombers take time out from fighting the Japanese to fight Mother Nature; they bomb Hawaii's Mauna Loa volcano in order to divert a lava flow from the city of Hilo.

eleanorparker2.jpg Eleanor Parker

1942: The Australian garrison on Tulagi is evacuated.

1943: SA Chief of Staff Viktor Lutze is killed. The actual cause of his death remains mysterious. Officially, he died in a automobile accident, although rumours persist that he was killed when German partisans ambushed his car. He is succeeded by Wilhelm Scheppmann.

eleanorparker7.jpg Eleanor Parker

1945: RAF Bomber Command, launch its last major action of war against Kiel.

1945: The British Second Army reaches Lübeck. The first lorry convoys carrying relief supplies to occupied Holland are allowed through German lines.

eleanorparker5.jpg Eleanor Parker with Whizkid

1945: The German Army in Italy abides by the Caserta agreement and surrenders to the allies, with hostilities ceasing at 12 noon GMT.

1945: General Weidling, the commander of Berlins Garrison meets with General Chuikov and accepts his terms of unconditional surrender of Berlin. The garrison in Berlin surrenders to 1st Belorussian and 1st Ukrainian Armies at 3pm local time. During the 2 week battle for the German Capital, the Russians suffer more than 300,000 casualties and while it is hard to estimate German casualties, the figure of 480,000 German prisoners says a lot.

burmashaveadmay1944.jpg Burma-Shave Ad - May 1944

1945: Theresienstadt, a Nazi concentration camp taken over by the Red Cross.

eleanorparker4.jpg Eleanor Parker

*Eleanor Jean Parker was born June 26, 1922 in Cedarville, Ohio. At an early age, her family moved to East Cleveland, Ohio and she attended public schools. She is a graduate of Shaw High School. After high school, she was signed by Warner Brothers in 1941, at the age of 18. She would have debuted that year in the film "They Died with Their Boots On", but her scenes were cut. Her actual film debut was playing nurse Ryan in "Soldiers in White" in 1942.

By 1946, she had starred in "Between Two Worlds", "Hollywood Canteen", "Pride of the Marines", "Never Say Goodbye" and "Of Human Bondage". She broke the champagne bottle on the nose of the California Zephyr train, to mark its inaugural journey from San Francisco, California on March 19, 1949.

In 1950, she received the first of three nominations for the Academy Award for Best Actress for "Caged", in which she played a prison inmate. For this role, she won the 1950 Volpi Cup for Best Actress at the Venice Film Festival. She was also nominated for the Oscar in 1951 for her performance as Kirk Douglas's wife in "Detective Story" and again in 1955 for her portrayal of opera singer Marjorie Lawrence in the Oscar-winning biopic "Interrupted Melody". Parker then performed with Charlton Heston as a 1900s mail-order bride in George Pal's "The Naked Jungle".

That same year, Parker appeared in Otto Preminger's film adaptation of the National Book Award-winner "The Man With The Golden Arm", in which she plays Zosh, the supposedly invalid wife of a morphine addicted, would-be jazz drummer Frankie Machine (Frank Sinatra). In 1956, she was billed above the title alongside Clark Gable for the Raoul Walsh-directed western comedy "The King and Four Queens". A year later, she starred in another W. Somerset Maugham novel, a remake of a "The Painted Veil" in the role originated by Greta Garbo, released as "The Seventh Sin". She also appeared in "Home from the Hill", "A Hole in the Head" and "Return to Peyton Place". Possibly her most famous screen role is as Baroness Elsa Schraeder, the second female lead in the 1965 Oscar-winning smash hit "The Sound Of Music".

She played an alcoholic widow in "Warning Shot" in 1966, and a love-starved talent scout in the all-star but unsuccessful "The Oscar". From then on, her big screen roles were less impressive, and television would occupy more of her energies.

In 1963, Parker appeared in the NBC medical drama about psychiatry "The Eleventh Hour" in the episode "Why Am I Grown So Cold?", for which she was nominated for an Emmy Award as Outstanding Single Performance by an Actress in a Leading Role. In 1964, she appeared in the episode "A Land More Cruel" on the ABC drama about psychiatry, "Breaking Point". In 1968, she portrayed a sultry spy in "How to Steal the World" -- a film originally shown as a two-part episode on NBC's "The Man from U.N.C.L.E.". In 1969-70 she starred in the television series "Bracken's World", for which she was nominated for a 1970 Golden Globe Award as Best TV Actress - Drama. She also appeared in several made-for-television movies.

Parker has also starred in a number of theatrical productions, including the Lauren Bacall role in musical "Applause". In 1976, she quit the Circle in the Square Theatre revival of Pal Joey during previews. She wrote the preface to the book "How Your Mind Can Keep You Well", a meditation technique developed by Roy Masters.

TRIVIA:

Measurements: 36-26-36

She has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 6340 Hollywood Blvd.

Parker has been married four times. She first wed Fred Losee in 1943, but the union was brief, ending in 1944. She then married Bert E. Friedlob in 1946, divorcing him in 1953. They had three children together. She had a son, Paul, with her third husband, American portrait painter Paul Clemens; she and Clemens married in 1954 and divorced in 1965. The following year, she married her current husband, Raymond Hirsch.

Lives a quiet retirement in Palm Springs, California.

cadillacadmay1944.jpg Cadillac Ad - May 1944

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