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This Day in WWII 15 August 1940 - 1945


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campbellsoupadaugust194.jpg Campbell Soup Company Ad - August 1943

1940: Although 'Eagle Day' was the 13th August, due to poor results, Goering decides that the 15th August with instead be known as 'Eagle Day'. The Luftwaffe launches its greatest attacks so far against the RAF's airfields, involving more than 1,000 German planes and 1,786 sorties. The Luftwaffe lost 76 aircraft, although these were mainly from Luftflotte 5 which made diversionary attacks from Norway, while the RAF lost 35 fighters and its airfields suffered heavy damage. Twenty German JU88 aircraft from Denmark attack Driffield, Yorkshire, destroying ten Whitley aircraft on the ground.

1942: The first foreign newspaper since the Revolution appears in Russia. Units of Army Group A reach the foothills of the Caucasus.

margueritechapman13.jpg *Marguerite Chapman

1942: The last of 6 remaining merchant of the Pedestal convoy, the tanker Ohio, with 10,000 tons oil on board is towed into Malta by three British warships.

1942: The Japanese submarine I-25 departs Japan with a floatplane in its hold which will be assembled upon arriving off the West Coast of the United States, and used to bomb U.S. forests.

margueritechapman12.jpg Marguerite Chapman

1943: 34,436 US and Canadian troops land on Kiska to find the island evacuated.

1943: Portsmouth has heaviest raid for two years when its bombed by 91 German planes.

margueritechapman11.jpg Marguerite Chapman

1943: The United States ships 60,000 alarm clocks to Britain, to be distributed to workers in war production plants to improve on-time performance.

1943: The Swedish government forbids all German traffic and transport from crossing over it's territory.

margueritechapman10.jpg Marguerite Chapman

1944: The allies launch Operation 'Dragoon', a combined assault on the South coast of France from Toulon to Nice. 9,000 airborne troops are landed, along with 90,000 by sea. Six towns and 2,000 prisoners are taken. About 200,000 Germans (23 divisions) are in the 40-mile long, 1l-mile wide (at narrowest point) Argentan-Falaise gap, but start to pull out as Anglo-Canadian troops resume the attack to the North. Adolf Hitler describes this as ‘The worst day of my life’.

1944: Kluge's staff car is strafed. He is replaced by Model who retreats to the Seine.


Featured in the "HUMP EXPRESS", the official weekly newspaper of the India-China Division (ICD) of the Air Transport Command (ATC) of the U.S. Army Air Force in the China-Burma-India (CBI) Theater of World War II - March 29, 1945

1945: Gasoline and fuel oil rationing ends in the United States.

1945: VJ-Day is declared in Britain and huge crowds cheer King and Queen en route to Westminster for the State opening of Parliament. The British release details of one of most closely guarded secrets of war, RADAR.

1945: The Japanese Government resigns and the war minister commits suicide. MacArthur becomes the Supreme Commander for Allied Powers in the Pacific.

margueritechapman8.jpg Marguerite Chapman

*Born Marguerite Florence Chapman in Chatham, New York, she was working as a telephone switchboard operator in White Plains, New York when her good looks brought about the opportunity to pursue a career in modeling. Signed by the prestigious John Robert Powers Agency in New York City, the publicity she earned modeling brought an offer from 20th Century Fox film studios in Hollywood.

She made her film debut in 1940, working for the next two years in small roles. In 1942, her big break came with Republic Pictures when she was cast in the leading female role in the twelve-part adventure film serial "Spy Smasher", a production that is considered by many as one of the best serials ever made. As a result, Chapman was cast as the leading lady in "Destroyer" (1943) with Edward G. Robinson and Glenn Ford and "Assignment in Brittany" (1943) opposite George Sanders. With America's entry in World War II, she entertained the troops, worked for the War bond drive and at the Hollywood Canteen.

During the 1950s Chapman continued to perform mostly in secondary film roles, notably in Marilyn Monroe's 1955 hit "The Seven Year Itch". However, with the advent of television she kept busy into the early 1960s with guest appearances in a number different shows including "Rawhide", "Perry Mason", and "Four Star Playhouse".

Chapman was asked to play the role of "Old Rose" Dawson-Calvert in the 1997 James Cameron epic "Titanic" but poor health prevented her from accepting.

For her contribution to the motion picture industry, Marguerite Chapman has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 6290 Hollywood Blvd.

Marguerite Chapman died on August 31, 1999 (aged 81) in Burbank, California. She was childless.


Height: 5' 7" (1.70 m)


G. Bentley Ryan (1948 - 1951) (divorced)

J. Richard Bremerkamp (1964 - 1972) (divorced)

northropaircraftadaug19.jpg Northrop Aircraft Ad - August 1942

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