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This Day in WWII 28 August 1939 - 1945


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agfaanscoadaugust1943.jpg AGFA ANSCO Ad - August 1943

1940: Vichy French radio announces that laws protecting Jews in France have been dropped.

1940: Alter the ‘voluntary dissolution of all political parties’, President Konoye of Japan announces structure to ‘unite the total energies of the state and people.’

annrutherford.jpg *Ann Rutherford

1941: The German U-boat U-570 is captured by the British and renamed Graph. (MORE INFO)

1941: German occupation forces in France round up and imprison hundreds of French citizens after an assassination attempt on pro-German politician Pierre Laval. Laval has been shot at a rally in Versailles, where he is recruiting Frenchmen to fight alongside Germans on the Russian front.

1941: Menzies resigns as Prime Minister of Australia and is replaced McFadden, who under pressure from his political opposition demands from the British, the relief of the 9th Australian Division from Tobruk in Libya.

1941: After demands from the Australian Prime Minister, the British agree to relieve the remainder of the 9th Australian Division from Tobruk.

annrutherford2.jpg Ann Rutherford

1942: A massive RAF raid against Nuremberg is launched, killing 4,000 civilians and destroying over 10,000 houses.

1942: Germans break through South west of Stalingrad but are held to the north.

1942: A Japanese seaplane catapulted from submarine I-25 and drops firebombs on forests in Oregon, USA.

annrutherford3.jpg Ann Rutherford

1943: The Danish government refuse a German ultimatum, as the sabotage campaign reaches a crescendo.

1943: The Bulgarian King, Boris III dies under mysterious circumstances.

kodakadaugust1942.jpg Kodak Ad - August 1942

1944: U.S. troops cross the Marne and take Meaux, 30 miles East of Paris. The last German garrison at Marseilles surrenders to the French, who take 37,000 prisoners for 4,000 French casualties.

1944: The British 36th Division takes Pinbaw, in northern Burma, during a monsoon advance from Mogaung.

annrutherford4.jpg Ann Rutherford

1945: The Japanese sign the surrender agreement in Rangoon.

1945: B29s drop supplies to Allied POWs in China.

1945: Chinese communist leader Mao Tse-Tung arrives in Chunking to confer with Nationalist leader Chiang Kai-Shek in a futile effort to avert civil war.

annrutherford5.jpg Ann Rutherford

*Therese Ann Rutherford was born in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada on November 2, 1920. The daughter of a former Metropolitan Opera singer, John Rutherford and her actress mother, Lillian Mansfield, was destined for show business. Not long after her birth, her family moved to California where she made her stage debut in 1925. Ann appeared in many plays and on radio for the next nine years before making her first screen appearance in "Carnival in Paris" (1937) in 1934. Ann's talent, which was readily apparent, was signed to three films in 1935--"Waterfront Lady" (1935), "Melody Trail" (1935) and "The Fighting Marines" (1935). By now, she was a leading lady in the fabled Westerns with two legends--John Wayne and Gene Autry. By the time Ann was seventeen, she inked a deal with MGM, where she would gain the status of superstar for her portrayal of "Polly Benedict" in the popular "Andy Hardy" series with Mickey Rooney. Ann's first role as "Polly" was in 1938, in "You're Only Young Once" (1937). Three more Hardy films were produced that same year such as "Out West with the Hardys" (1938), "Love Finds Andy Hardy" (1938) and "Judge Hardy's Children" (1938). Ann did find time to play in other productions too. One which is still loved today was the Charles Dickens' classic, "A Christmas Carol" (1938), where she played the sweet role of the Spirit of Christmas Past. In 1939, Ann played the role of "Annie Hawks" in "Of Human Hearts" (1938) in addition to three more Andy Hardy films. But that year also saw Ann land a role in the most popular film in film history. She played "Careen O'Hara", Scarlett's little sister, in "Gone with the Wind" (1939). Plenty of fans of the Andy Hardy series went to see it for Ann herself. Obviously the film was, unquestionably, a super hit. She, then, resumed making other movies. While working for MGM, Ann, along with the other stars, were under the watchful eye of movie mogul, Louis B. Mayer. Mayer was no different than any other film tycoon, except for the fact that he ran the classiest studio in Hollywood: the bottom line was profit and one couldn't really maximize profits unless they kept performers salaries minimized as much as possible. Most tried to get raises and failed. Even Mickey Rooney was turned down and was decidedly underpaid during his glory years at MGM. But not Ann Rutherford. When she asked for a raise, she took out her bankbook and, showing the amount it contained, told Mayer she had promised her mother a new house. Ann got her raise. In 1942 at the age of 22, Ann appeared in her last Andy Hardy film which was "Andy Hardy's Double Life" (1942). She then left MGM and free-lanced her talent. Still Ann was in demand. In 1943, she appeared in "Happy Land" (1943), but it was a little later in her career when she appeared in two big hits. In 1947, she played "Gertrude Griswold" in "The Secret Life of Walter Mitty" (1947) and as "Donna Elena" in "Adventures of Don Juan" (1948) in 1948. After that film, Ann had guest appearances in several TV programs such as "Love, American Style", "Perry Mason", "The Donna Reed Show", "U.S. Marshal" and "The Red Skelton Show". She didn't return to the silver screen until 1972 in "They Only Kill Their Masters" (1972), thereafter confining most of her professional activity to her annual appearances as Suzanne Pleshette's mother on TV's The Bob Newhart Show (1972-1978).

Her last film appearance came in 1976 in the dismal "Won Ton Ton: The Dog Who Saved Hollywood" (1976), whereupon she retired. Ann was approached to play the older Rose in 1998's mega-hit Titanic (1997), but turned it down.

Rutherford was married twice. On Christmas Eve, 1942, she married David May, and the couple had a girl, Gloria May, in 1943. They were divorced in 1953, and in that same year, she married William Dozier, who went on to produce the Batman TV series. Dozier died in 1991.

Today she, happily, enjoys her retirement and still is deluged with fan mail.

TRIVIA:

Height: 5' 6" (1.68 m)

Brown light eyes and Brown dark hair.

bendix19431212puckmagaz.jpg Ben Dix Cartoon Serial from Puck Magazine - December 12, 1943

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