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This Day in WWII 24 January 1942 - 1945


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1024.jpg?md=1327397654000 Consolidated Vultee Ad - January 1945

1942: German troops of Army Group Centre, recapture Sukhinichi near Kaluga.

1942: US destroyers torpedo three Japanese transports off Balikpapan. This is the first US surface action since 1898 but the Japanese landings continue undisrupted.

joanfultonjoanshawlee2.jpg *Joan Shawlee

1943: Russians take Starobelskiy, near the Donets River in the eastern Ukraine, more than 250 miles to the West of Stalingrad. Hitler orders no surrender in Stalingrad. The offensive by the Soviet Trans-Caucasian Front toward the Kuban bridgehead is stopped at Novorossiysk and Krasnodar.

joanfultonjoanshawleeoc.jpg Joan Shawlee

1943: Fighting in Papua is officially reported as over.

1943: President Roosevelt and British Prime Minister Churchill concluded a wartime conference in Casablanca, Morocco.

joanfulton1.jpg Joan Shawlee

1944: Hitler orders that German troops in Italy hold the ‘Gustav Line’ at all costs. The French attack to the North of Cassino. Allied patrols from Anzio beachhead are halted by the Germans.

1944: Chinese forces make further advances in the Hukawng Valley.

joanshawleeabbottcostel.jpg Joan Shawlee, Bud Abbott & Lou Costello in "Buck Privates Come Home" (1947)

1945: German forces begin evacuating Slovakia. The 1st Ukrainian Front captures Oppeln and Gleiwitz in Upper Silesia.

1945: A German attempt to relieve the besieged city of Budapest is finally halted by the Soviets.

joanfultonjoanshawleebe.jpg Joan Shawlee

1945: The Royal Navy's Fleet Air Arm carrier planes destroy the Japanese oil refinery near Palembang, on Sumatra. U.S. troops capture Clark Field, the main Japanese airbase on Luzon.

joanfultonjoanshawlee.jpg Joan Shawlee

*Joan Fulton/Joan Shawlee was born on Mar 5, 1929 in Forest Hills, New York. Though she reportedly played a bit in the 1937 version of "A Star Is Born", actress Joan Shawlee's first confirmed professional work was as a model, singer, and nightclub performer. While appearing in New York, Shawlee was discovered by comedian Lou Costello, who put her under personal contract. The 5' 7½" actress was billed as Joan Fulton in her first appearance with Abbott and Costello in the film "Buck Privates Come Home" (1947). She reverted to "Shawlee" once she'd gained a reputation as a wisecracking, gum-chewing comedienne, a reputation enhanced by her many appearances on the popular TV sitcom "The Abbott and Costello Show". Her films ranged from trash like "Prehistoric Women" (1950) to treasures like "From Here to Eternity" (1953). Her best screen role was as dictatorial bandleader Sweet Sue in the Billy Wilder classic "Some Like It Hot" (1959); Wilder would cast Shawlee in choice supporting roles in his later films, "The Apartment" (1960), "Irma La Douce" (1963), and "Buddy Buddy" (1981). Outside of her work on Abbott and Costello's various television ventures, Joan Shawlee's TV career included regular roles on such series as "The Betty Hutton Show", "McHale's Navy", "The Dick Van Dyke Show" (as Morey Amsterdam's wife Pickles), and "The Feather and Father Gang". She died of Cancer on March 22, 1987 in Hollywood, California.

1024.jpg?md=1327397662000 Nash Kelvinator Ad - January 1945

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