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This Day in WWII 28 February 1940 - 1945 *1936 **1946


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purolatoradjan1943.jpg Purolator Ad - February 1943

1940: Russian forces overrun the second line of Finnish defenses on the Karelian Isthmus.

1941: Vichy France reduces bread ration from 350g to 280g.

ellaraines3.jpg ***Ella Raines

1941: British monthly civilian casualty figures tally at 789 killed and 1068 injured.

1941: British Commando's, having been left to hold Castelorizzo without out Naval support or reinforcement, are forced to evacuate when the Italians land troops on the Island.

ellaraines4.jpg Ella Raines

1942: Japanese are only 50 miles north of Rangoon.

1942: Japanese land on Java.

youngstonwpressedsteela.jpg Youngstown Pressed Steel Ad - February 1943

1943: Nine Norwegian commandos successfully climb down the steep gorge on one side of the German 'heavy water' plant at Telemark and work their way up a 500 foot, almost sheer rock face to reach the plant on the other side of the gorge. Undetected, they gain entrance and successfully set and detonate their explosives, ruining the plant. All the commandos escaped safely, without taking or inflicting any casualties.

1943: A group of German wives of Jewish men begin to gather and protest in Berlin in order to try and stop the deportation of their husbands to concentrations camps.

ellaraines6.jpg Ella Raines

1944: The Arabs protest to the U.S. over Senate statements about the creation of a Jewish State in Palestine.

1945: The US Ninth Army achieves a breakthrough near Erkelenz 30 miles to the West of Cologne, but loses 100 tanks in the process.

1945: The 2nd Belorussian Front captures Neustettin. The Red Army suspends all further offensive operations against the lines of Army Group Courland.

ellaraines5.jpg Ella Raines

1945: The British Indian 4th Corps take Meiktila airfield in central Burma after an eight-day push from the Irrawaddy.

1945: U.S. Marines take Motoyama on Iwo Jima after a bloody battle.

1945: Corregidor is reported as clear of Japanese troops.

1024.jpg?md=1330425165000 Evans Products Ad - February 1944

*1936: The Japanese Army restores order in Tokyo and arrests officers involved in a coup.

**1946: The U.S. Army declares that it will use V-2 rocket to test radar as an atomic rocket defense system.

ellaraines2.jpg Ella Raines

***Born Ella Wallace Raines on August 6, 1920 in Snoqualmie Falls, Washington, Raines studied drama at the University of Washington and was appearing in a play there when she was seen by Howard Hawks. She became the first actor signed to the new production company he had formed with the actor Charles Boyer, "B-H Productions", and made her film debut in "Corvette K-225" in 1943. She appeared in many A pictures very quickly, including "Tall in the Saddle" (1944) opposite John Wayne. She co-starred in many other films opposite such stars as Vincent Price, William Powell and Brian Donlevy (turning in a good performance as a spunky garage owner in director Arthur Lubin's underrated "Impact" (1949)).

During 1954 she starred in her own television series "Janet Dean, Registered Nurse". She also appeared in such television series as "Robert Montgomery Presents", "Douglas Fairbanks Jr. Presents", "Lights Out", "Pulitzer Prize Playhouse" and "The Christophers".

1024.jpg?md=1330425158000 Ella Raines

She retired from acting in 1957, but only one further acting appearance with a guest role in the series "Matt Houston" in 1984.

Raines has two stars on the Hollywood Walk of Fame for her contribution to motion pictures at 7021 Hollywood Boulevard, and for television at 6600 Hollywood Boulevard.

Her second husband, Robin Olds, was a famous fighter pilot. Son of a World War I pilot, Olds was an ace (shot down 5 or more enemy aircraft) in WWII and 4 in Vietnam. They separated in 1975 and were divorced in 1976. Ella moved back to Hollywood and lived in Sherman Oaks, California until her death on May 30th, 1988 from cancer of the throat.

She is survived by two daughters, Christina Eloise Olds of Vail, Colorado and Susan Olds Scott-Risner of North Bend, Washington and a granddaughter, Jennifer Newman of Santa Monica, CA.

1024.jpg?md=1330425176000 Stromberg-Carlson Ad - February 1944

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