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This Day in WWII 29 April 1940 - 1945


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1024.jpg?md=1335692330000 Nash Kelvinator Ad - April 1943

1940: King Haakon VII and his government are evacuated from Molde and taken to Tromso in northern Norway, from where they can continue the fight.

1941: British intelligence 'Ultra', intercept numerous messages giving a positive indication that the Germans plan to attack Crete.

1024.jpg?md=1335692341000 *Ruth Roman

1941: Another Brigade from the British 10th Indian Division lands at Basra, ignoring Iraqi's protests. The Iraqi Army lays siege to The RAF base at Habbaniyh, although RAF planes fly numerous air strikes against them.

1942: The Belgian resistance destroys Tenderloo chemical works, killing more that 250. Executions by the Germans reported to be running at 25-30 a month in Belgium.

1024.jpg?md=1335692348000 Ruth Roman

1942: Japanese troops capture Lashio, thereby cutting the vital 'Burma Road' supply route into China.

1942: The Japanese continue to land reinforcements on Mindanao Island as the step up attacks against the Filipino garrison. The shelling of Corregidor increases as the Japanese prepare to invade the Island.

1024.jpg?md=1335692353000 Ruth Roman

1943: A series of minor attacks in near Novorossiysk drive the Germans back slowly.

1943: U-boats begin a six-day attack on Convoy ONS5, during which 13 allied ships are finally sunk for the loss of six U-boats.

1024.jpg?md=1335692336000 Nash Kelvinator Ad - April 1944

1944: Curtin, the Australian Prime Minister arrives in London.

1944: The US Navy pounds the Japanese base at Truk, destroying 120 planes.

1024.jpg?md=1335692364000 Ruth Roman

1945: The RAF begin Operation 'Manna', supply drops into Holland.

1945: Convoy RA-66 sailing from the Kola Peninsula to Loch Ewe is attacked by at least 2 U-boats north of Kola. The British destroyer HMS Goodall, which was lend-leased by the US in 1943 is sunk by U-286 (Oblt.z.S. Willi Dietrich), for 1,150 tons, marking this as the last convoy to come under attack in the war.

1945: The British Second Army crosses the Elbe near Hamburg, less than 100 miles west of the Russian forces in Mecklenburg. The U.S. Seventh Army reaches Munich. The French First Army captures Friedrichshafen on Lake Constance.

1024.jpg?md=1335692369000 Ruth Roman

1945: The 2nd Belorussian front advances fast in the Stralsund direction and seizes Anklam. In Berlin furious fighting takes place around the Reichstag, Chancellery and along Potsdamer Strasse. In Kottbus South of Berlin, German troops are still holding the Russians back.

1945: The Germans armies in Italy sign surrender terms at The Royal Palace, Caserta, but German officers do not guarantee acceptance, the ceremony takes only 17 minutes. The British Eighth Army secures Venice and advances towards Trieste. The U.S. Fifth Army enters Milan and makes contact with the Eighth Army at Padua.

1024.jpg?md=1335692358000 Ruth Roman

1945: The bodies of Mussolini and Clara Petacci are brought to Milan and hung upside down from lamp-posts in the square where 15 Partisans were executed a year ago. The bodies are shot and spat upon.

1945: U.S. 7th Army liberates Dachau Concentration Camp.

1024.jpg?md=1335692374000 Ruth Roman

*She was born Norma Roman on December 22, 1922 in the Boston suburb of Lynn, Massachusetts. As a young girl, she pursued her desire to become an actress by enrolling in the prestigious Bishop Lee Dramatic School in Boston. Following completion of her studies Roman headed to Hollywood where she obtained bit parts in several films before being cast in the title role in the thirteen episode serial "Jungle Queen" (1945).

In 1949 she played an important role in the 1949 film, "Champion". In one of her most memorable roles, Roman costarred with Farley Granger and Robert Walker in the Alfred Hitchcock thriller "Strangers on a Train" (1951).

Married three times, she had one son, Richard, with her first husband, Mortimer Hall. In the 1950 film "Three Secrets", she played a distraught mother waiting to learn whether or not her child survived an airplane crash. In July 1956, Roman and her four-year-old son were passengers on board the SS Andrea Doria ocean liner. They were separated from each other when the ship collided with the MS Stockholm (now known as the MS Athena) off Nantucket and sank. Roman was rescued and waited at the pier in New York City for her son's safe arrival aboard one of the rescue ships.

1024.jpg?md=1335692379000 Ruth Roman

As stage actress, in 1959 she won the Sarah Siddons Award for her work in Chicago theatre. Although she never achieved the level of success in film that many had originally predicted for her, Roman nevertheless worked regularly in film well into the 1960s after which she began making appearances on television shows and movies, including a recurring role in 1965-1966 in NBC's "The Long Hot Summer" and for the 1986 season of "Knots Landing" and on "Murder She Wrote", both on CBS. She also guest starred in many television series, such as NBC's "Sam Benedict" starring Edmond O'Brien, ABC's "The Bing Crosby Show" sitcom and its circus drama, "The Greatest Show on Earth" starring Jack Palance, and "I-Spy" starring Robert Culp and Bill Cosby. She also appeared in the early 1960s in both the NBC medical drama "The Eleventh Hour" and its ABC counterpart, "Breaking Point".

Roman was honored with a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 6672 Hollywood Blvd. for her contribution to television.

She died on September 6, 1999 at the age of seventy-six in her sleep at her Laguna Beach, California home. She was survived by her son, Richard.

1024.jpg?md=1335692324000 Nash Kelvinator Ad - April 1944

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