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This Day in WWII 21 December 1939 - 1945


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AmericanAirlinesAd-Dec1942.jpg American Airlines Ad - December 1942

1939: During their brief period of comradeship, Hitler sends Joseph Stalin a telegram wishing him a happy sixtieth birthday.

1940: The RAF attacks Berlin, inflicting only minor damage.

Marguerite%20Chapman1.jpg *Marguerite Chapman

1940: The Admiralty decides to transfer another Battleship, HMS Malaya to Force H from the Mediterranean fleet. Again this was to be accomplished by escorting a convoy to Malta and linking up with units of Force H for the journey to Gibraltar. No losses were suffered to enemy action although a Destroyer was sunk when it hit a mine.

1940: Bardia is surrounded by the 6th Australian Division, although the Italians are determined to fight it out.

Marguerite%20Chapman2.jpg Marguerite Chapman

1941: Typhus reported to be sweeping through the German forces along the Russian front.

1941: The Axis launch a renewed air offensive against the Island of Malta.

StudebakerTruckAd-Dec1942.jpg Studebaker Truck Ad - December 1942

1942: Hitler refuses to let Paulus break out from their encirclement at Stalingrad.

1942: British troops cross the Burmese border from India and head Southeast towards Akyab.

Marguerite%20Chapman3.jpg Marguerite Chapman

1943: Under pressure from the Allies to curtail German espionage operations in the Irish Free State, Prime Minister Eamon de Valera confiscates the German embassy's radio transmitter.

1943: The Eighth Army's 1st Canadian Division battles to capture Ortona in central Italy.

1943: Russian forces smash the German bridgehead over Dnieper River at Kherson.

Marguerite%20Chapman4.jpg Marguerite Chapman

1944: The U.S. First Army retakes Stavelot but to the south, the Germans besiege Bastogne. Units of 5th Panzer Army capture St. Vith.

1945: General George S. Patton dies at the age of 60 after being injured in a car accident on Dec.9th.

Marguerite%20Chapman5.jpg Marguerite Chapman

*Born in Chatham, New York, she was working as a telephone switchboard operator in White Plains, New York when her good looks brought about the opportunity to pursue a career in modeling. Signed by the prestigious John Robert Powers Agency in New York City, the publicity she earned modeling brought an offer from 20th Century Fox film studios in Hollywood.

She made her film debut in 1940, working for the next two years in small roles. In 1942, her big break came with Republic Pictures when she was cast in the leading female role in the twelve-part adventure film serial "Spy Smasher", a production that is considered by many as one of the best serials ever made. As a result, Chapman soon began receiving offers for more leading roles. From 1940 to 1943 she appeared in 18 movies, ranging from Charles Chaplin comedies to the armed services booster films "Navy Blues" (1941) and "You're in the Army Now" (1941) as a member of the Warner Bros. singing and dancing group the "Navy Blues Sextette". Chapman was cast as the leading lady in "Destroyer" (1943) with Edward G. Robinson and Glenn Ford and "Assignment in Brittany" (1943) opposite George Sanders.

Marguerite%20Chapman6.jpg Marguerite Chapman

With America's entry in World War II, she entertained the troops, worked for the War bond drive and at the Hollywood Canteen.

During the 1950s Chapman continued to perform mostly in secondary film roles, notably in Marilyn Monroe's 1955 hit "The Seven Year Itch". However, with the advent of television she kept busy into the early 1960s with guest appearances in a number different shows including "Rawhide", "Perry Mason", and "Four Star Playhouse". Her last film, "The Amazing Transparent Man" (1960), was a low-budget sci-fi quickie shot by cult director Edgar G. Ulmer in a few days on the grounds of the state fair in Texas

Chapman was asked to play the role of "Old Rose" Dawson-Calvert in the 1997 James Cameron epic "Titanic" but poor health prevented her from accepting.

For her contribution to the motion picture industry, Marguerite Chapman has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 6290 Hollywood Blvd.

Marguerite Chapman died on August 31, 1999 (cause of death unknown) in Burbank, California and was interred in Holy Cross Cemetery, in Culver City, California.

TRIVIA:

Height: 5' 7" (1.70 m)

Spouse:

G. Bentley Ryan (1948 - 1951) (divorced)

J. Richard Bremerkamp (? - ?) (divorced)

PennsylvaniaRRAd-Dec1944.jpg Pennsylvania Railroad Ad - December 1944

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