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This Day in WWII 12 December 1939 - 1944 *1937


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TheBordenCompanyAd-Dec1942.jpg The Borden Company Ad - December 1942

1939: Two German cruisers which are accompanied by 5 destroyers are damaged by torpedo's from the British submarine HMS Salmon as they are returning from a mine laying operation off the northeast coast of England. Later in the day, HMS Salmon also gives warning under the 'rules of war' to a German liner, although it reaches the port of Bremen safely.

1939: Finnish have some success against Russian troops at Tolvajärvi, inflicting heavy casualties.

Gaby%20Andreu1.jpg **Gaby Andreu/Gaby André

1940: Sheffield is heavily bombed by the Luftwaffe.

1941: Britain declares war on Bulgaria.

Gaby%20Andreu2.jpg Gaby Andreu/Gaby André

1941: Bulgaria declares war on both Britain and the USA.

1941: Hungary and Romania declare war on the United States.

SnidersCatsupAd-Dec1942.jpg Snider's Catsup Ad - December 1942

1941: US declares war on Hungary, Romania and Bulgaria after receiving those country's declarations of war against the US.

1941: The ship "Struma" leaves Romania for Palestine carrying 769 Jews but is later denied permission by British authorities to allow the passengers to disembark. In Feb. 1942, it sails back into the Black Sea where it is intercepted by a Soviet submarine and sunk as an "enemy target."

Gaby%20Andreu3.jpg Gaby Andreu/Gaby André

1942: The 1,500 ton destroyer HMS Partridge is sunk off the coast of Algeria by U-565, commanded by Wilhelm Franken.

1942: In the Mediterannian Sea, Italian midget submarines sink four ships in the harbor at Algiers.

1942: A hastily assembled force of 13 divisions, including three Panzer divisions, under the control of 4.Panzerarmee (Hoth), begins Operation Winter Tempest, the relief of 6.Armee (von Paulus) encircled at Stalingrad.

Gaby%20Andreu4.jpg Gaby Andreu/Gaby André

1943: Rommel becomes C in C of Army Group B, which covers the coastal defences from Holland to Bay of Biscay.

1943: The exiled Czech government signs a treaty with the Soviet Union for postwar cooperation.

Gaby%20Andreu5.jpg Gaby Andreu/Gaby André

1944: The underground V-weapon factory at Wittring is captured by the U.S. Third Army.

*1937: The Japanese fire on British and U.S. ships on the Yangtze River in China, sinking the American ship Panay. The Japanese apologize to the United States and pay reparations; the British refuse to accept any Japanese apology.

Gaby%20Andreu6.jpg Gaby Andreu/Gaby André

**French actress Gaby Andreu or Gaby André (1920-1972) was a beautiful star of the French cinema during World War II. She has more than 40 films on her filmography but on the internet there is not more biographical information on her to be found than that she was born as Gabrielle Louise Mathilde Andre on March 5, 1920 at Chalons-sur-Marne, Marne, Champagne-Ardenne and that she died of cancer on August 27, 1972 (age 52) in Rome, Latium, Italy. Her film debut was a bit part in "Hélène" (1936, Jean Benoît-Lévy, Marie Epstein), based on a novel by Vicky Baum. More small parts followed in "Entrée des artistes" (1938, Marc Allégret), "Le drame de Shanghaï" (1938, Georg Wilhelm Pabst) and "La fin du jour" (1939, Julien Duvivier). Her first leading roles were in "Départ à zéro" (1941, Maurice Cloche) and "La maison des sept jeunes filles" (1942, Albert Valentin), based on a novel by Georges Siménon. More films followed like the comedy "Adémaï bandit d'honneur" (1943, Gilles Grangier), "Un seul amour" (1943, Pierre Blanchar) and "L'Ange de la nuit" (1944, André Berthomieu), starring Jean-Louis Barrault.

After the war there was a hiatus in the career of Gaby André. In 1950 she was seen in American films like the comedy "Please Believe Me" (1950, Norman Taurog) and the gangster film "Highway 301" (1950, Andrew L. Stone). She returned to France, where she cos-starred with Fernandel in the comedy "Boniface somnambule" (1951, Maurice Labro). The following years she was seen in international films like "The Green Glove" (1952, Rudolph Maté) with Glenn Ford, and "Prima di sera" (1953, Piero Tellini), with Paolo Stoppa. She stayed in Italy for the rest of her life. Among her Italian films were "Giuseppe Verdi" (1953, Raffaello Matarazzo), "Donatella" (1956, Mario Monicelli) and the sword and sandal epic "La vendetta di Ercole" (1960, Vittorio Cottafavi). Incidentally she appeared in French films like "Incognito" (1958, Patrice Dally) with Eddie Constantine. Her daughter Carole André is also an actress, who worked mainly in Italy. Together they starred in "Togli le gambe dal parabrezza" (1969, Massimo Franciosa). Gaby's final role was in the dreadful comedy "Pussycat, Pussycat, I Love You" (1970, Rodney Amateau), the defunct sequel to "What's new Pussycat?" (1965, Clive Donner, Richard Talmadge|). Script writer Woody Allen disowns both movies, though.

FleishmannsYeastAd-Dec1942.jpg Fleischmann's Yeast Ad - December 1942

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