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This Day in WWII 30 September 1938 - 1944 *1946


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HamiltonWatchAd-September1943.jpg Hamilton Watch Ad - September 1943

1938: Under German threats of war, Britain, France, Germany and Italy sign an accord permitting Germany to take control of Sudetenland--a region of Czechoslovakia inhabited by a German-speaking minority. Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain boasts, "I believe it is peace in our time."

1939: Graf Spee sinks the British steamship Clement off Pernambuco, Brazil.

Allison%20Hayes1.jpg **Allison Hayes

1939: Polish government-in-exile set up in Paris.

1939: The French Army is called back into France from its invasion of Germany. The attack, code named Operation Saar, only penetrated five miles.

Allison%20Hayes2.jpg Allison Hayes

1940: British civilian casualties for the month September announced: 6,954 dead, 10,615 injured.

1941: Newcastle bombed, but only the second serious raid on Britain in a month with September's casualties listed as 217 killed.

1941: The guard at a detention centre in Peel on the Isle of Man is strengthened after disturbances, which results with 20 British fascists being moved to Liverpool.

Allison%20Hayes3.jpg Allison Hayes

1941: As part of operation 'Typhoon' Guderian's Panzer Group 2 opens its offensive against Moscow, 2 days ahead of the rest of Army Group Centre and makes 50-miles in its advance towards Orel.

1942: Top-scoring Luftwaffe ace and Diamonds winner Hans-Joachim Marseille (158 British aircraft) of 3./JG 27 is killed in a flying accident.

VincoAd-September1943.jpg Vinco Ad - September 1943

1943: The Women's Army Auxiliary Corps becomes the Women's Army Corps, a regular contingent of the U.S. Army with the same status as other army service corps.

1943: The British announce that 5,211 casualties were suffered at Salerno.

Allison%20Hayes4.jpg Allison Hayes

1943: The Russians make Dnieper River crossings on a 300-mile front.

1943: On the eve of the Jewish New Year, the Gestapo and Danish Nazis begin rounding up all Danish Jews.

Allison%20Hayes5.jpg Allison Hayes

1944: Rejoicing in the streets of Dover at the announcement that the last of the German cross-channel guns, which have pounded the southeast coast of Britain for three years, have been silenced.

1944: The 7,500 strong Calais garrison surrenders to the Canadians.

*1946: An international military tribunal in Nuremberg, Germany, found 22 top Nazi leaders guilty of war crimes.

Allison%20Hayes6.jpg Allison Hayes

**Born Mary Jane Hayes in Charleston, West Virginia, on March 6, 1930, Allison Hayes grew up to become Miss Washington D.C. in 1949. Hayes took jobs in early television in Washington before moving to California in 1953 to begin an acting career. Allison Hayes acted in a string of B movies, along with a few "A" films, from 1954 to 1965. One of her earliest films was the Universal series entry "Francis Joins the WACS" (1954; with Mamie Van Doren). She counted among her friends Raymond Burr and Nancy Kulp; she worked with Burr numerous times on his Perry Mason series. In addition, Hayes made many guest appearances on popular TV programs in the 1950s and 1960s.

Allison%20Hayes7.jpg Allison Hayes

Always in demand, Hayes' busiest period came in the late 1950s when she was cast in numerous B film roles, such as "Gunslinger" (1956; with Beverly Garland and John Ireland), "The Unearthly" (1957; with Tor Johnson and Sally Todd), "The Disembodied" (1957; with Paul Burke); "Attack of the Fifty-Foot Woman" (1958; with Yvette Vickers), and "The High Powered Rifle" (1960). After 1960, Hayes began taking on more television roles and made films only sporadically thereafter. Allison was a versatile actress; she did drama very well, as when she guest starred on "The Untouchables" TV series in the highly-rated episode: "The Rusty Heller Story." Allison had a flair for comedy, which she demonstrated when she appeared in the Dean Martin film "Who's Been Sleeping in My Bed?" (1963). In her last film, she appeared alongside Elvis Presley in "Tickle Me" (1965; with Merry Anders and Julie Adams). Hayes is featured in the beginning of "Tickle Me" as a drunken bar patron who lunges as Elvis as he performs. Viewers will note that she looks thin and gaunt in this, her only scene in the film. She made her final appearances in a guest role on Gomer Pyle, U.S.M.C. in 1967.

Allison%20Hayes8.jpg Allison Hayes

As her acting career declined, she began to experience severe health problems, and was unable to walk without a cane. In severe pain, her usually good natured personality began to change and she became emotional and volatile, making it difficult for her to secure acting work.

For years, Hayes had taken a doctor-prescribed calcium supplement with extreme levels of lead---so extreme that she contracted lead poisoning. After the onset of her illness in the mid 1960s, she was simply too ill to work and was housebound for long periods of time.

Hayes later said that the pain of her illness caused her to contemplate suicide, and that her symptoms were not taken seriously by doctors. Reading a medical book about the metal poisoning of factory workers, Hayes recognized the symptoms described as being similar to her own. Hayes began to question the ingredients of a calcium supplement she had been taking for a long time and when she employed a toxicologist to test a sample of the product, he determined that it had an extremely high content of lead and concluded that Hayes was most likely suffering from lead poisoning. Hayes mounted a campaign to have the FDA ban the import or sale of the food supplement, finally achieving success in 1976 when they advised her that amendments were being made to the laws governing the importation of nutritional supplements, largely as a result of her situation.

An invalid, Hayes moved to San Clemente, California and her health continued to deteriorate. In 1976, she was diagnosed with leukemia and was treated regularly at La Jolla. While at the hospital receiving a blood transfusion, her condition unexpectedly and rapidly deteriorated as she experienced chills, flu-like symptoms and intense pain. She was transferred to the University of California Medical Center in San Diego where she died the following day, on February 27, 1977 (aged 46).

TRIVIA:

Measurements: 37-23-36 (Source: Celebrity Sleuth magazine)

Height: 5' 7" (1.70 m)

Was the 1949 Washington D.C. entry into the Miss America pageant.

WestinghouseAd-September1943.jpg Westinghouse Ad - September 1943

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