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This Day in WWII 26 November 1939 – 1944 *1938


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NashKelvinatorAd-Nov1942.jpgNash Kelvinator Ad - November 1942

 

1939: The Soviet Union charges Finland with artillery attack on border.

 

Claudia%20Cardinale1.jpg **Claudia Cardinale

 

1940: The Western Desert Force, begins Training Exercise No.1. This was a dress rehearsal for 'Operation Compass'. Surprise was vital and so not even the troops involved were told of the rehearsals significance.

 

1940: The half-million Jews of Warsaw, Poland, were forced by the Nazis to live within a walled ghetto.

 

Claudia%20Cardinale2.jpg Claudia Cardinale

 

1941: Due to Rommel's bold move, General Cunningham wants to halt the offensive and fall back to the frontier. General Auchinleck overrides him on this and replaces him as commander of the Eighth Army with General Ritchie.

 

1941: U.S. secretary of state puts his final proposal to the Japanese.

 

1941: Japanese 1st Air Fleet sets sail for Pearl Harbor, from its anchorage in the Kurile Islands. Commanded by Admiral Chuichi Nagumo, its consists of 6 aircraft carriers, 2 battleships, 3 cruisers, 9 destroyers and 8 oil tankers and has strict orders to observe strict radio silence. They await the signal "Climb Mount Nitaka", the order to attack Pearl Harbor.

 

KRAK-A-JAP-TOY-AD.jpg KRAK-A-JAP Toy Ad - 1940's

 

1942: President Roosevelt ordered nationwide gasoline rationing, beginning December 1.

 

1942: The Germans make the first large deportation of Jews from Norway.

 

1942: The Russians throw Germans rearguards back across the Don.

 

Claudia%20Cardinale3.jpg Claudia Cardinale

 

1943: The largest USAAF raid so far on Bremen. A fifth consecutive night raid on Berlin by RAF.

 

1943: German forces of Army Group Centre evacuate Gomel in Byelorussia.

 

CamelCigaretteAd3-Nov1943.jpg Camel Cigarette Ad - November 1943

 

1943: The HMT Rohna, a British troop transport, is attacked in the eastern Mediterranean by a Luftwaffe plane using a radio-guided bomb, sinking the ship and killing 1,015 American GIs and 135 British and Australian service men. It is the largest loss of U.S. servicemen at sea in the war. The disaster is kept secret, as the Allies did not wish to disclose that the Germans possessed such an intimidating weapon. Consequently, the destruction of the Rohna will remain virtually unknown to the public for many years after the war. (MORE INFO)

 

Claudia%20Cardinale4.jpg Claudia Cardinale

 

1944: The Russians advance in Slovakia.

 

*1938: Poland renews nonaggression pact with the Soviet Union to protect against a German invasion.

 

Claudia%20Cardinale5.jpg Claudia Cardinale

**Claudia Cardinale was born Claude Joséphine Rose Cardinale on April 15, 1938 in La Goulette, an Italian Tunisian neighborhood of Tunis. Her mother, Yolande Greco, was born in Tunisia to Sicilian emigrants from Trapani. Her father was an Italian railway worker, born in Gela. Her native languages were Tunisian Arabic and French. She had to learn Italian once she pursued her career. She did not speak Italian well (only the Sicilian language learned from her parents, like many Italian Tunisians) until the age of sixteen.

In 1957, Cardinale won the 'Most Beautiful Italian Girl in Tunisia' contest of the Italian embassy, which brought her to the traditional Venice Film Festival. Her feature film debut was "Goha" (1957), a French-Tunisian co-production. After attending the Centro Sperimentale di Cinematografia of Rome for two months, she signed a 7-year contract with the Vides studios. In 1958, she had a role in the major international success "I soliti ignoti". Her early career was largely managed by producer Franco Cristaldi, a studio producer to whom Cardinale was married from 1966 until 1975.

Throughout the 1960s, she appeared in some of the most acclaimed Italian and European films of the period, including "Luchino Visconti's Il Gattopardo" (The Leopard, 1963) and "Rocco e i suoi fratelli" (Rocco and His Brothers 1960), "Philippe de Broca's Cartouche" (1963), "Federico Fellini's Otto e mezzo" (1963), and Sergio Leone's epic "Once Upon a Time in the West" (1968). In her early Italian films, another actor dubbed for Cardinale, because her naturally deep voice and spoke Italian with a heavy French accent (which later became one of the reasons of her success) contrasted with her feminine appearance. Not until 1964 was she allowed to dub her own dialogue.

Because Cardinale was not interested in leaving Europe for extended periods of time, she never made a real attempt to break into the American market. The list of her Hollywood films includes "The Pink Panther" (1963), "Circus World" (1964); "Blindfold" (1965); and "The Professionals" (1966).

Claudia%20Cardinale6.jpg Claudia Cardinale

A photograph of Cardinale was featured in the original gatefold artwork to Bob Dylan's album Blonde on Blonde (1966), but because it was used without Cardinale's permission, the photo was removed from the cover art in later pressings.

Her performance in Visconti's "Vaghe stelle dell'Orsa" (known as Sandra in the United States and Of A Thousand Delights, 1965) is regarded as mesmerizing, playing a Holocaust survivor who has an incestuous relationship with her brother. In Comencini's heart-breaking "La storia" (from Elsa Morante's novel), Cardinale plays a widow raising a son during World War II, and gave another well-received performance. Other memorable performances include Valerio Zurlini's "Girl with a Suitcase" and Mauro Bolognini's "Libera".

Cardinale, now considered an icon of European cinema, remains active . Her later films include "Qui comincia l'avventura" (1975), "Fitzcarraldo" (1982), "Un homme amoureux" (1987), "Mayrig" (1991), and "And now... Ladies and Gentlemen" (2002).

Claudia Cardinale was married to Italian film producer Franco Cristaldi from 1966 until their divorce in 1975, and now lives with Pasquale Squitieri, an Italian film director who has been her companion since 1975.

She has two children: Patrizio, who was born out of wedlock to a Frenchman when she was 17 and later adopted by her longtime companion Pasquale Squitieri, and Claudia, whose biological father is Squitieri.

Claudia Cardinale lives in Paris. She is also reported to have had an affair with former French President Jacques Chirac.

Cardinale is a liberal with strong political convictions. She is involved in many humanitarian causes, including pro-women and pro-gay issues, and has frequently stated her pride in her Tunisian and Arab roots - as evidenced by her book 'Ma Tunisie' and her appearance as herself in the Tunisian film "Un été à La Goulette" ("A Summer in La Goulette").

She wrote an autobiography, Moi Claudia, Toi Claudia. In 2005, she also published a French-language book, Mes Etoiles, about her personal and professional relationships with many of her directors and co-stars through her nearly 50 years in show-business.

Cardinale has been a regular attendee of the Academy Awards. In 2002, she was awarded an honorary Golden Bear award of the Berlin Film Festival, and previously in 1993 she was awarded even an honorary Golden Lion at the Venice Film Festival.

Cardinale has been a UNESCO good will ambassador for the Defense of Women's Rights since 1999. In 2006 (World Water Year) she symbolically extended such a role for the Defense of the Rights of the Absolute Woman : Mother Earth while declaring her support for Powerstock, a sustainable electronic music festival that proposes a "water-consciousness" for youth culture and seeks to make sustainability an integral part of mainstream culture.

TRIVIA:

Measurements: 37C-23-37 (Source: Celebrity Sleuth magazine)

Vital statistics in August 1976: 38-24-37.

Height: 5' 8" (1.73 m)

Preferred to be called by her initials: CC.

GM-Ad-Nov1943.jpgGM Ad - November 1943

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Although I never had one of these,

KRAK-A-JAP-TOY-AD.jpg

 

I did have one of these.

mattel-m16-marauder.jpg

I even found some videos of this toy working.  Rather simple, but for a kid surrounded by western style cap pistols, this thing was the battle stopper.

 

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