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This Day in WWII 18 July 1940 - 1945


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AmericanRailroads-July1945.jpgAmerican Railroads Ad - July 1945

 

1940: Prince Konoye forms new Japanese Cabinet with Army and Navy nominees.

 

1941: The Japanese foreign minister, Yosuke Matsuoka is replaced by a moderate. New Japanese Cabinet has four generals and three admirals.

 

Doris%20Day1.jpg *Doris Day

 

1942: The German Me-262, the first jet-propelled aircraft to fly in combat, makes its first flight.

 

1942: Hitler changes his mind and orders Army Group B to resume its offensive towards Stalingrad. However, as almost all the German Army had be transferred to Army Group A, the advance was left to Paulus's 6th Army which had been reinforced by a panzer and an infantry Corps. The remaining panzers with Army Group A were ordered to thrust south over the lower Don on a broad front.

 

Doris%20Day2.jpg Doris Day

 

1943: The U.S. Navy airship K-74 is shot down by anti-aircraft fire from a German U-boat.

 

1943: The Germans say Cologne is in a state of chaos after allied raids.

 

Doris%20Day3.jpg Doris Day

 

1944: 4,500 Allied aircraft pound the German positions with 7,000 tons of bombs.

 

1944: The U.S. XIX Corps capture St. Lo, but has suffered 6,000 casualties since the 11th July. Montgomery launches Operation 'Goodwood' 40 miles east of Caen. However, VIII Corps is stopped with loss of 200 tanks and 1,500 men after the 'death ride of the armored divisions', which also destroys 109 Panzer's. (WATCH GERMAN NEWSREEL)

 

Doris%20Day4.jpg Doris Day

 

1944: The Polish II Corps takes Antona in Italy.

 

1944: U.S. troops capture Saint-Lo, France, ending the battle of the hedgerows.

 

Kodak-July1945.jpg Kodak Ad - July 1945

 

1944: The First Belorussian front attacks, with six armies and 1,600 aircraft from Kovel across the Bug towards Lublin.

 

1944: Buffeted by more than two years of military and naval defeats, Gen. Hideki Tojo is forced to resign his offices of prime minister, war minister and chief of the Imperial General Staff. While Tojo's removal strengthens somewhat the elements of the Japanese government inclined to seek peace, Tokyo's official policy of fighting to the end remains unchanged.

 

Doris%20Day5.jpg Doris Day

 

1945: Honda's attempt to break out in Burma begins in earnest.

 

1945: Allied carrier planes hit Japanese naval forces in Tokyo Bay, sinking 12 ships and damaging nine, including the battleship Nagato.

 

Doris%20Day6.jpg Doris Day

*One of America's most prolific actresses was born Doris Mary Ann Kappelhoff on April 3, 1922, in Cincinnati, Ohio. Her parents divorced while she was still a child and she lived with her mother. Like most little girls, Doris liked to dance. She aspired to become a professional ballerina, but an automobile accident that crushed a leg ended whatever hopes she had of dancing on stage. It was a terrible setback, but after taking singing lessons she found a new vocation, and began singing with local bands.

It was while working for local bandleader Barney Rapp in 1939 or 1940 that she adopted the stage name "Day" as an alternative to "Kappelhoff," at his suggestion. Rapp felt her surname was too long for marquees. The first song she had performed for him was Day After Day, and her stage name was taken from that. After working with Rapp, Day worked with a number of other bandleaders including Jimmy James, Bob Crosby, and Les Brown. It was while working with Brown that Day scored her first hit recording, "Sentimental Journey", which was released in early 1945. It soon became an anthem of the desire of World War II demobilizing troops to return home. This song is still associated with Day, and was rerecorded by her on several occasions, as well as being included in her 1971 television special.

Doris%20Day7.jpg Doris Day

She met trombonist Al Jorden, whom she married in 1941. Jorden was prone to violence and they divorced after two years, not long after the birth of their son Terry. In 1946, Doris married George Weidler, but this union lasted less than a year. Day's agent talked her into taking a screen test at Warner Bros. The executives there liked what they saw and signed her to a contract (her early credits are often confused with those of another actress named Doris Day, who appeared mainly in B westerns in the 1930s and 1940s). Her first starring movie role was in "Romance on the High Seas" (1948). The next year, she made two more films, "My Dream Is Yours" (1949) and "It's a Great Feeling" (1949). Audiences took to her beauty, terrific singing voice and bubbly personality, and she turned in fine performances in the movies she made (in addition to several hit records). She made three films for Warner Bros. in 1950 and five more in 1951. In that year, she met and married Martin Melcher, who adopted her young son Terry, who later grew up to become Terry Melcher, a successful record producer. In 1953, Doris starred in "Calamity Jane" (1953), which was a major hit, and several more followed: "Lucky Me" (1954), "Love Me or Leave Me" (1955), "The Man Who Knew Too Much" (1956) and what is probably her best-known film, "Pillow Talk" (1959). She began to slow down her filmmaking pace in the 1960s, even though she started out the decade with a hit, "Please Don't Eat the Daisies" (1960).

Her husband, who had also taken charge of her career, had made deals for her to star in films she didn't really care about, which led to a bout with exhaustion. The 1960s weren't to be a repeat of the previous busy decade. She didn't make as many films as she had in that decade, but the ones she did make were successful: "Do Not Disturb" (1965), "The Glass Bottom Boat" (1966), "Where Were You When the Lights Went Out?" (1968) and "With Six You Get Eggroll" (1968). Martin Melcher died in 1968, and Doris never made another film, but she had been signed by Melcher to do her own TV series, "The Doris Day Show" (1968). That show, like her movies, was also successful, lasting until 1973. After her series went off the air, she made only occasional TV appearances. Today, she runs the Doris Day Animal League in Carmel, California, which advocates homes and proper care of household pets. What else would you expect of America's sweetheart?

TRIVIA:

Measurements: 36-25-36 (in 1953) (Source: Celebrity Sleuth magazine)

Height: 5' 7" (1.70 m)

MobilgasAd2-July1945.jpgMobilgas Ad - July 1945

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