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This Month in the Korean War: August 1950-1953


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Ford1952-aug.jpgFord Ad - 1952

August 1, 1950: General Walker orders Eighth Army to withdraw behind Naktong River and form the Pusan perimeter.
August 1-5, 1950: More than 9,000 officers and enlisted men of the 2nd Marine Division and newly activated Marine Corps reserve units arrive at Camp Pendleton to reinforce units of the 1st Marine Division.
August 3, 1950: The first Marine Corps aviation missions against North Korea are flown from the USS Sicily by Corsairs from Marine Fighter Squadron 214 (VMF-214).
August 4, 1950: Marine Corps helicopters from the Marine Observation Squadron Six (VMO-6) undertake the first air evacuation of Marine casualties in Korea.
August 4 - September 16, 1950: A total of 84,478 U.S. troops participate in the defense of the Pusan Perimeter including the U.S. Army's 1st Cavalry Division, 2nd, 24th, and 25th Infantry Divisions and the 1st Provisional Marine Brigade.

RitaMoreno1-aug.jpgRita Moreno
August 6, 1950: The first Marine aviation missions to be flown from the Badoeng Strait against North Korean targets are led by Corsairs from Marine Fighter Squadron 323 (VMF-323).
August 7-13, 1950: The First Provisional Marine Brigade is engaged in heavy combat operations against North Korean forces near Chinju.
August 15, 1950: General MacArthur orders Eighth Army to implement the Korean Augmentation to the United States Army (KATUSA) program.
August 17, 1950: The Marine Brigade opens the battle for "No Name Ridge," leading the way to the destruction of an enemy bridgehead at Naktong.

RitaMoreno2-aug.jpgRita Moreno

August 18 - September 5, 1951: Battle of Bloody Ridge (Hill 983).  The 15th Field Artillery Battalion sets a record by firing 14,425 rounds in 24 hours.
August 31 - September 18, 1951: Following the breakdwon of truce negotiations, United Nations forces assume the offensive.  The 1st Marine Division is ordered to take the rest of the "Punchbowl."  This results in more than two weeks of heavy fighting.  By September 18, the Marines manage to advance to the Soyang River northeast of the Punchbowl.

RitaMoreno3-aug.jpgRita Moreno

August 9-16/September 5-15, 1952: Battle of Bunker Hill (Hill 122).  First major Marine ground action in western Korea is fought by the 1st Marine Division.
August 29, 1952: War's largest air raid.  FEAF and carrier planes bomb Pyongyang in a 1,403-sortie assault - the largest single-day raid of the war.


August 5 - December 23, 1953: Operation Big Switch (POW Exchange)

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One of my neighbors served on the USS Coral Sea before and during the Korean War. He serviced the F4U Corsairs, and went through the change to the F9F Panthers. Has told me many stories of his time on the Coral Sea. Some funny, some terrible. The aircraft that came in shot up. The times he was aboard the Coral Sea as she was deployed in the Mediterranean in 1948.

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