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This Day in WWII 27 August 1939 - 1945


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PhilcoAd-August1943.jpgPhilco Corporation Ad - August 1943


1939: Britain and France try to persuade Poland to negotiate with Germany, but she refuses.


1940: Raids continue on London, Midlands, Southwest England and Wales.


1940: Armed merchant-cruiser Dunvegan Castle sunk by U46 off Ireland.


Judy%20Holliday1.jpg *Judy Holliday


1941: British government takes over railways for the duration of the war, paying £43m per annum in compensation to private operators.


1941: Army Group North captures Tallinn, the capital of Estonia.


1941: The Iranian government under Ali Furughi orders a cease-fire.


1941: The Prime Minister of Japan, Fumimaro Konoye, issues an invitation for a meeting with President Roosevelt.


Judy%20Holliday2.jpg Judy Holliday


1942: The Red Army launches counterattacks from the Leningrad pocket against Schluesselburg and the Volkhov front, while the Red Army's offensive on the Moscow front continues. Zhukov is appointed Stalin's First Deputy Commissar for defense.


1943: Brenden Bracken, the British Minister of Information, makes the first ministerial statement on Hess since May 1941 and says 'Hess came to find British Quislings to overthrow Churchill', 'a Nazi of very low mentality' who 'babbled like an excited schoolboy'.


Judy%20Holliday3.jpg Judy Holliday


1944: The Canadians cross the Seine around Rouen. The remaining 1,800 Germans at Toulon surrender as the French claim a total of 17,000 captured for just 2,700 French casualties.


1944: The British 8th Army renews its offensive North on Italy's eastern coast. Slowed by rain and mud, the British attack toward the Gothic Line at Pesaro, just north of the Foglia river.


1944: Russians take Galati in eastern Romania.


BostitchAd-August1944.jpg Bostitch Ad - August 1944


1944: The RAF pounds the Ruhr oil refineries, their first large-scale daylight action over Germany. More than 1,000 U.S. B-17s and B-24s attack airdromes at Anklam, Grossenbrode, Neubrandenburg and Parow, Luftwaffe experimental facilities at Peenemunde and Rechlin, aircraft components factories at Lubeck, Rostock, Schwerin, and Wismar, an oil-industry target at Politz and several targets of opportunity in Germany. 18 heavy bombers are lost.


1944: The last Chindits are evacuated from behind Japanese lines in Burma.


Judy%20Holliday4.jpg Judy Holliday


1945: One of the greatest international armadas ever assembled, enters the Bay of Sagami, Tokyo.


1945: B-29 Superfortress bombers begin to drop supplies into Allied prisoner of war camps in China.


Judy%20Holliday5.jpg Judy Holliday

*Judy Holliday was born Judith Tuvim in New York City on June 21, 1921. Her mother, a piano teacher, was attending a play when she went into labor and made it to the hospital just in time. Judy was an only child. By the age of four, her mother had her enrolled in ballet school which fostered a life-long interest in show business. Two years later her parents divorced. In high school, Judy began to develop an interest in theater. She appeared in several high school plays. After graduation, she got a job in the Orson Welles Mercury Theater as a switchboard operator. Judy worked her way on the stage with appearance in Boston, Philadelphia, Washington, D.C. and New York City. Judy toured on the nightclub circuit with a group called "The Revuers" founded by Betty Comden and Adolph Green. She went to Hollywood to make her first foray into the film world in "Greenwich Village" (1944). Most of her scenes ended up on the cutting room floor. Disappointed, but not discouraged, Judy earned two more roles that year in "Something for the Boys" (1944) and "Winged Victory" (1944). In the latter, Judy had a few lines of dialogue.

Judy%20Holliday6.jpg Judy Holliday

Judy returned to New York to continue her stage career. She returned to Hollywood after five years to appear in "Adam's Rib" (1949) as Doris Attinger opposite screen greats Katharine Hepburn, Spencer Tracy and Tom Ewell. With her success in that role, Judy was signed to play Billie Dawn in "Born Yesterday" (1950), a role which she originated on Broadway. She was nominated for and won the best actress Oscar for her performance. After filming "The Marrying Kind" (1952), Judy was summoned before the Un-American Activities Committee to testify about her political affiliations. Fortunately for her, she was not blacklisted as were many of her counterparts, but damage was done. Her film career was curtailed somewhat, but rebounded. She continued with her stage and musical efforts, but with limited time on the screen. After filming "The Solid Gold Cadillac" (1956), she was off-screen for four years. Her last film was the MGM production of "Bells Are Ringing" (1960) with Dean Martin and it was one of her best. Judy died from breast cancer three weeks before her 44th birthday in New York City on June 7, 1965.


Height: 5' 8" (1.73 m)

Spouse: Dave Oppenheim (5 January 1948 - 1 March 1958) (divorced) 1 child

Despite her image as a "dumb blond", she had an IQ of 172. She often said that it took a lot of smarts to convince people that her characters were stupid.

Lived in the building where John Lennon was murdered.

CocaColaAd-August1944.jpg Coca-Cola Ad - August 1944

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