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This Day in WWII 29 August 1940 - 1945


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GeneralMotorsAd-August1943.jpg

General Motors Ad - August 1943

 

1940: Germany apologizes to Eire for Wexford bombing. Intense dogfights over London and Home Counties. Britain refuses German proposal to use 64 Red Cross ships to rescue airmen from the English Channel.

 

1940: Vichy France agree to Japanese demands that they be allowed to station forces in northern Indochina.

 

Olivia%20de%20Havilland1.jpg *Olivia de Havilland

 

1941: Despite protests, Vichy parliament moves to holiday resort in the hills.

 

1941: Germany and the Soviet Union suffer heavy casualties at Leningrad. Public opinion in the United States is summed up by Missouri senator Harry Truman, who says, "If we see that Germany is winning, we ought to help Russia, and if we see that Russia is winning, we ought to help Germany."

 

1941: Russians evacuate Karelian Isthmus to Leningrad. The Finnish troops capture Vyborg and are now only 30 miles North of Leningrad.

 

Olivia%20de%20Havilland2.jpg Olivia de Havilland

 

1942: Japanese warships begin to evacuate Milne Bay.

 

1942: The American Red Cross announces that Japan has refused to allow safe conduct for the passage of ships with supplies for American prisoners of war.

 

1943: Martial law is declared in Denmark and the Danish Royal Family are 'isolated' by the Germans.

 

ChevroletAd-August1943.jpg Chevrolet Ad - August 1943

 

1944: American troops marched down the Champs Elysees in Paris as the French capital continued to celebrate its liberation from the Nazis.

 

1944: The British begin the 'Race for Amiens'. U.S. troops liberate Soissons, 60 miles Northeast of Paris. Montelimar is taken by the French who also cross the Rhone in several places. The Canadians enter Rouen.

 

1944: The Russians capture the Romanian oilfields at Ploiesti and enter Hungarian occupied Transylvania. An uprising begins in Slovakia against the pro-German government of Dr. Tiso.

 

Olivia%20de%20Havilland3.jpg Olivia de Havilland

 

1945: The lists of the first war criminals to be tried at Nuremberg are drawn up by a 'Four Power' Commission of Prosecutors in London. Goring, Hess, von Ribbentrop, Dr Ley, Rosenberg, Dr Frank, Streicher, Keitel, Dr Funk, von Shirach, Dr Schacht, Sauckel, Prof Speer, Bormann, von Papen, Jodl, Krupp, Raeder, Donitz, Baron von Neurath, Seyss-Inquart and Frische are all named.

 

1945: The Russians announce the capture of 513,000 prisoners in the Manchurian campaign.

 

Olivia%20de%20Havilland4.jpg Olivia de Havilland

 

1945: The Soviets shoot down a B29 dropping supplies to POWs in Korea.

 

1945: U.S. airborne troops are landed in transport planes at Atsugi airfield, southwest of Tokyo, beginning the occupation of Japan.

 

Olivia%20de%20Havilland5.jpg Olivia de Havilland

*Olivia Mary de Havilland was born to a British patent attorney and his wife on July 1, 1916, in Tokyo, Japan. Her sister, Joan, later to become famous as Joan Fontaine, was born the following year. Her parents divorced when Olivia was just three years old, and she moved with her mother and sister to Saratoga, California. After graduating from high school, where she fell prey to the acting bug, Olivia enrolled in Mills College in Oakland. It was while she was at Mills that she participated in the school play "A Midsummer Night's Dream" and was spotted by Max Reinhardt. She so impressed Reinhardt that he picked her up for both his stage version and, later, the Warner Bros. film version in 1935. She again was so impressive that Warner executives signed her to a seven-year contract. No sooner had the ink dried on the contract than Olivia appeared in three more films: "The Irish in Us" (1935), "Alibi Ike" (1935) and "Captain Blood" (1935), the latter with the man with whom her career would be most closely identified, heartthrob Errol Flynn. He and Olivia starred together in eight films during their careers. In 1939 Warner Bros. loaned her to David O. Selznick for the classic "Gone with the Wind" (1939). Playing the sweet Melanie Hamilton, Olivia received her first nomination for an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress, only to lose out to one of her co-stars in the film, Hattie McDaniel. After GWTW, Olivia returned to Warner Bros. and continued to churn out films. In 1941 she played Emmy Brown in "Hold Back the Dawn" (1941), which resulted in her second Oscar nomination, this time for Best Actress. Again she lost, this time to her sister Joan for her role in "Suspicion" (1941). After that strong showing, Olivia now demanded better, more substantial roles than the "sweet young thing" slot into which Warners had been fitting her. The studio responded by placing her on a six-month suspension, all of the studios at the time operating under the policy that players were nothing more than property to do with as they saw fit. As if that weren't bad enough, when her contract with Warners was up, she was told that she would have to make up the time lost because of the suspension. Irate, she sued the studio, and for the length of the court battle she didn't appear in a single film. The result, however, was worth it. In a landmark decision, the court said not only that Olivia did not have to make up the time, but that all performers were to be limited to a seven-year contract that would include any suspensions handed down. This became known as the "de Havilland decision"; no longer could studios treat their performers as mere cattle.

Olivia%20de%20Havilland6.jpg Olivia de Havilland

Returning to screen in 1946, Olivia made up for lost time by appearing in four films, one of which finally won her the Oscar that had so long eluded her. It was "To Each His Own" (1946), in which she played Josephine Norris to the delight of critics and audiences alike. Olivia was the strongest performer in Hollywood for the balance of the 1940s. In 1948 she turned in another strong showing in "The Snake Pit" (1948) as Virginia Cunningham, a woman suffering a mental breakdown. The end result was another Oscar nomination for Best Actress, but she lost to Jane Wyman in "Johnny Belinda" (1948). As in the two previous years, she made only one film in 1949, but she again won a nomination and the Academy Award for Best Actress for "The Heiress" (1949). After a three-year hiatus, Olivia returned to star in "My Cousin Rachel" (1952). From that point on, she made few appearances on the screen but was seen on Broadway and in some television shows. Her last screen appearance was in "The Fifth Musketeer" (1979), and her last career appearance was in the TV movie "The Woman He Loved" (1988) (TV). During the hoopla surrounding the 50th anniversary of GWTW in 1989, she graciously declined requests for all interviews as the only surviving one of the four main stars. As of June 2012, she still enjoys a quiet retirement in Paris, France. In an interview from January 2015, De Havilland stated that she is working on her autobiography.

Olivia%20de%20Havilland7.jpg Olivia de Havilland

TRIVIA:

Spouse:

Pierre Galante (2 April 1955 - 30 April 1979) (divorced) 1 child

Marcus Goodrich (26 August 1946 - 28 August 1953) (divorced) 1 child

Height: 5' 4" (1.63 m)

Nickname: Livvie

Lost her son Benjamin to Hodgkin's disease in 1991, shortly before Benjamin's father, writer Marcus Goodrich, passed away.

Her cousin Captain Sir Geoffrey de Havilland (1882 - 1965) was a British aviation pioneer, aircraft designer and owner of The de Havilland Aircraft Company. Their wooden bomber Mosquito has been considered the most versatile warplane ever built. The ill-fated de Havilland Comet was the first commercial jet airliner in 1952.

Stromberg-CarlsonAd-August1944.jpg Stromberg-Carlson Ad - August 1944

 
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