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This Month in the Vietnam War: September 1965 -1973


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HurstOlds-1974.jpg1974 Hurst/Olds Ad

September 7, 1964: President Johnson assembles his top aides at the White House to ponder the future course of action in Vietnam.
September 13, 1964: Two disgruntled South Vietnamese generals stage an unsuccessful coup in Saigon.

StellaStevens1.jpgStella Stevens

September 1, 1966: During a visit to neighboring Cambodia, French President Charles de Gaulle calls for U.S. withdrawal from Vietnam.
September 12, 1966: The heaviest air raid of the war to date occurs as 500 U.S. jets attack NVA supply lines and coastal targets.
September 14-November 24: Operation Attleboro occurs involving 20,000 U.S. and South Vietnamese soldiers in a successful search-and-destroy mission 50 miles north of Saigon near the Cambodian border. During the fighting, an enormous weapons cache is uncovered in a hidden base camp in the jungle. 155 Americans are killed and 494 wounded. North Vietnamese losses are 1106.
September 23, 1966: The U.S. reveals jungles near the Demilitarized Zone are being defoliated by sprayed chemicals.

Mekong-Delta-1968.jpgMekong Delta 1968

September 1, 1967: North Vietnamese Prime Minister Pham Van Dong publicly states Hanoi will "continue to fight."
September 3, 1967: National elections are held in South Vietnam. With 80 percent of eligible voters participating, Nguyen Van Thieu is elected president with Nguyen Cao Ky as his vice-president, the pair winning just 35 percent of the vote.
September 11-October 31: U.S. Marines are besieged by NVA at Con Thien located two miles south of the Demilitarized Zone. A massive long-range artillery duel then erupts between NVA and U.S. guns during the siege as NVA fire 42,000 rounds at the Marines while the U.S. responds with 281,000 rounds and B-52 air strikes to lift the siege. NVA losses are estimated at over 2000.

StellaStevens2.jpgStella Stevens

September 30, 1968: The 900th U.S. aircraft is shot down over North Vietnam.

OV-1-Mohawk.jpgGrumman OV-1 Mohawk

September 2, 1969: Ho Chi Minh dies of a heart attack at age 79. He is succeeded by Le Duan who publicly reads the last will of Ho Chi Minh urging the North Vietnamese to fight on "until the last Yankee has gone."
September 5, 1969: The U.S. Army brings murder charges against Lt. William Calley concerning the massacre of Vietnamese civilians at My Lai in March of 1968.
September 16, 1969: President Nixon orders the withdrawal of 35,000 soldiers from Vietnam and a reduction in draft calls.

Westmoreland.jpgGeneral William Westmoreland

September 5, 1970: Operation Jefferson Glenn, the last U.S. offensive in Vietnam begins in Thua Thien Province.

StellaStevens3.jpgStella Stevens

September 22, 1971: Captain Ernest L. Medina is acquitted of all charges concerning the massacre of Vietnamese civilians at My Lai.

Navy-Mobile-Strike-Force-1969.jpgNavy Mobile Strike Force1969

September 16, 1972: Quang Tri City is recaptured by South Vietnamese troops.
September 29, 1972: Heavy U.S. air raids against airfields in North Vietnam destroy 10 percent of their air force.

StellaStevens4.jpgStella Stevens

September 22, 1973: South Vietnamese troops assault NVA near Pleiku.

OV-10Bronco.jpgNorth American OV-10 Bronco

September 1974: The U.S. Congress appropriates only $700 million for South Vietnam. This leaves the South Vietnamese Army under-funded and results in a decline of military readiness and morale.
September 16, 1974: President Gerald R. Ford announces a clemency program for draft evaders and military deserters. The program runs through March 31, 1975, and requires fugitives to take an oath of allegiance and also perform up to two years of community service. Out of an estimated 124,000 men eligible, about 22,500 take advantage of the offer.

ChevyCamaro1967.jpg1967 Camaro Ad

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