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This Day in WWII 1 October 1939 - 1944 **1946


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Stromberg-CarlsonAd-October1944.jpgStromberg - Carlson Ad - October 1944

 

1939: British men between 20 and 22 now liable for conscription.

 

1939: British Prime Minister Winston Churchill during a radio broadcast described the Soviet Union as ''a riddle wrapped in a mystery inside an enigma''.

 

1939: German troops enter the devastated city of Warsaw. The Polish garrison on the Hel Peninsula surrenders to the Germans after repeated attacks.

 

Jan%20Sterling1.jpg *Jan Sterling

 

1940: Japanese occupy British concessionary island off Wei-hai-wei, China.

 

1940: Petrol rationing is introduced in Australia.

 

Jan%20Sterling2.jpg Jan Sterling

 

1941: The House of Commons votes for the third £1,000m war credit of year.

 

1941: The Soviet-British-US conference in Moscow concludes with a protocol being signed committing Britain and the USA to supply Russia with 400 aircraft immediately and 500 aircraft per month until the 30th June 1942. There-after the protocol would be renewable annually. Further, both countries undertook to deliver 41,000 tons of Aluminium immediately and 6,000 tons of rubber and 1,500 tons of tin per month. Food and medical supply's were also included.

 

Jan%20Sterling3.jpg Jan Sterling

 

1943: The allies capture Naples, although the Germans thoroughly demolish its harbour facilities. Hitler orders a defence of Italy to the South of Rome.

 

1943: The Australian Government releases men from the army and munitions industry for reallocation within the Australian war effort.

 

WACRecruitmentAd-October1944.jpg Women's Army Corp Recruitment Ad - October 1944

 

1944: The U.S. First Army begins the siege Aachen, Germany.

 

1944: The Finnish Army makes an assault landing against German held Tornio, in Gulf of Bothnia.

 

Jan%20Sterling4.jpg Jan Sterling

 

1944: Monte Battaglia in the Gothic Line is captured by the U.S. Fifth Army after a 4-day battle. The Red Army crosses the Danube into Yugoslavia.

 

1944: A Secret Hungarian delegation arrives in Moscow to sign an armistice with the Russians.

 

Jan%20Sterling5.jpg Jan Sterling

 

**1946: Twelve Nazi war criminals are sentenced to be hanged at Nuremberg trials---Karl Donitz, Hermann Goring, Alfred Jodl, Hans Frank, Wilhelm Frick, Ernst Kaltenbrunner, Wilhelm Keitel, Joachin von Ribbentrop, Fritz Saukel, Arthur Seyss-Inquart, Julius Streicher, and Alfred Rosenberg.

 

Jan%20Sterling6.jpg Jan Sterling

*One of Hollywood's more talented and watchable stars on screen was sullen, stick-thin 50s actress Jan Sterling who didn't quite reach the top echelon of stardom but certainly ensured audiences of a real good time with her sexy pout and flashy ways in soaps, film noir and saucy comedy. Jan was born Jane Sterling Adriance in Manhattan on April 3, 1921 to a well-to-do family. Her mother remarried when Jan was a youngster and the family relocated to Europe where Jan was schooled by private tutors in London and Paris. At 15, the teenager, who by this time possessed a strong British accent, was enrolled in Fay Compton's dramatic school in London. A strong-minded young lady with a heartfelt passion for acting, she returned to Manhattan to conquer Broadway and by the age of 17 had found her first ingénue role in "Bachelor Born," playing (naturally) a young British lady. Over the next 11 years, she dominated Broadway as proper British ladies while billing herself as Jane Adrian. One of her highlights was working with the legendary Ruth Gordon in 1942 in Ruth's first play entitled "Over 21." As Billie Dawn in the Chicago company of "Born Yesterday," Jan bowled over the critics and seemed almost a shoo-in to do the 1950 film version but she lost out in the end to Judy Holliday.

Jan%20Sterlingj7.jpg Jan Sterling

The ash-blonde broke quickly into films supporting Oscar-winning Jane Wyman in "Johnny Belinda" (1948) in a key, emotional role. To her delight, her docile, ladylike image was finally behind her as she ventured on in movies playing cheap floozies, hard-bitten dames, and lethal schemers. She stood out in such 'bad girl' film roles as "Caged" (1950), "The Big Carnival" (1951), "Flesh and Fury" (1952), "The Human Jungle" (1954), and "Female on the Beach" (1955), while making a nicer, or at least a more sympathetic impression, in "Sky Full of Moon" (1952) and "The High and the Mighty" (1954), which earned her an Oscar nomination.

Married and divorced to actor John Merivale in the 1940s, Jan's career slowed down considerably after the death of her second husband, actor Paul Douglas, in 1959. She refocused on stage and TV but at a slower step. She also involved herself in humanitarian causes. In the 70s, she entered into a strong personal relationship with actor Sam Wanamaker. They never married but stayed together until his death in 1993. Inactive for nearly two decades, Jan made an appearance at the Cinecon Film Festival in Los Angeles in the fall of 2001, still charming audiences at the age of 80. Sterling's later life was marked by illness and injury that included diabetes, a broken hip and a series of strokes. Her only child, Adams Douglas, died in 2003, and Sterling died the following year on March 26, 2004 in Los Angeles, California, aged 82. She is interred in the Garden of Actors Churchyard Cemetery in London, England.

CamelCigaretteAd-October1945.jpg Camel Cigarette Ad - October 1945

 
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