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This Day in WWII 10 September 1939 - 1945 *1948

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ElectricBoatCompanyAd-Sept1944.jpgElectric Boat Company Ad - September 1944

 

1939: After a formal parliamentary debate, Canada declares war on Germany.

 

1939: German troops achieve a breakthrough at Kutno and Sandomir and reach the Vistula.

 

Joan%20Caulfield1.jpg **Joan Caulfield

 

1940: Another heavy night attack (10/11) on London, 18 killed; Buckingham Palace damaged.

 

1940: Hitler decides to postpone Operation Sealion until the 24th September.

 

Joan%20Caulfield2.jpg Joan Caulfield

 

1941: British convoy SC-42 (64 ships), sailing from Sydney to the Britain is attacked by a wolf pack of 19 U-boats just south of Greenland between the 10th and 14th September. SC-42 loses 17 merchant ships for 69,813-tons. 2 U-boats, U-207 and U-510 are sunk in return.

 

1941: The British and Russians demand that Iran expels all Axis nationals with 48 hours.

 

Joan%20Caulfield3.jpg Joan Caulfield

 

1941: Japanese begin war games at the naval college in Tokyo in order to develop their strategy for the Pacific.

 

1942: The Red Army forces attacking from besieged Leningrad fail to break the German lines.

 

Joan%20Caulfield4.jpg Joan Caulfield

 

1943: After weeks of prodding by Goebbels, Hitler consents to make a short radio broadcast to the German people on the dramatic events of the summer, particularly in Italy. After paying tribute to his fallen partner Mussolini, Hitler warns his enemies that getting rid of him will not be nearly so simple.

 

1943: Soviet marines supported by naval units of the Red Fleet recapture the Black Sea port of Novorossiysk.

 

1943: German troops occupy Rome and disarm all Italian troops in Italy and Greece.

 

Joan%20Caulfield5.jpg Joan Caulfield

 

1944: Eisenhower agrees to Monty's airborne plan Operation 'Market Garden'. U.S. troops enter Luxembourg. The first allied patrol crosses German frontier east of Liege, near Aachen. US First Army occupies Luxembourg.

 

1944: The British make an unopposed landing on the Greek Island of Kythera off the Peloponnese. The Russians enter Sofia, the capital of Bulgaria.

 

DotFastenersAd-Sept1945.jpg Dot Fasteners Ad - September 1945

 

1944: The U.S. Fifth Army launches an assault against the Gothic Line.

 

1944: The U.S. Navy begins a two-day bombardment of the Palau Islands in the Pacific.

 

Joan%20Caulfield6.jpg Joan Caulfield

 

1945: Vidkun Quisling, the Norwegian Nazi leader, is sentenced to death in Oslo.

 

*1948: American-born Mildred Gillars, the Nazi wartime radio broadcaster known as ''Axis Sally,'' was indicted in Washington, D.C., for treason.

 

Joan%20Caulfield7.jpg Joan Caulfield

 

**Beatrice Joan Caulfield was born on June 1, 1922 in East Orange, New Jersey. Born while her family resided in East Orange, New Jersey, she moved to West Orange during childhood but continued attending Miss Beard's School in Orange, New Jersey. During her teenage years, the family moved to New York City where Joan eventually attended Columbia University.

 

One of her most memorable roles was when she was lent out to Warner Bros. to appear in "The Unsuspected" (1947) alongside Claude Rains and Audrey Totter. Later in life she appeared mostly on television, appearing on programs such as "Cheyenne", "Baretta", and "Murder, She Wrote", with Angela Lansbury. In the 1957-1958 season, Caulfield starred in her own short-lived NBC situation comedy, "Sally" in the role of a traveling companion to an elderly widow, played by Marion Lorne. At midseason, Gale Gordon and Arte Johnson joined the cast.

 

Joan%20Caulfield8.jpg Joan Caulfield

 

An urban legend states that Caulfield's film "Dear Ruth" (1947) inspired author J.D. Salinger to name the protagonist of his novel The Catcher in the Rye (1951) "Holden Caulfield" after seeing a movie theater marquee with the film's stars: Caulfield and William Holden. However, Holden Caulfield was mentioned in Salinger's short story "Last Day of the Last Furlough" in the July 15, 1944 issue of the Saturday Evening Post, three years before Dear Ruth. The earliest known use of the Caulfield name, including a mention of Holden, is in the unpublished 1942 story "The Last and Best of the Peter Pans." A more common version of the legend claims that Salinger was taken by Joan Caulfield upon first seeing her in a modeling photo or a publicity still or an acting performance. Since Joan was a leading model by 1941 and her acting career began in 1942 with an appearance in the short-lived Broadway musical "Beat the Band", this version of the legend makes his using her surname for his character at least possible.

 

Joan was considered a very beautiful woman, she charmed everyone she worked with and on April 29, 1950 she married Frank Ross, with whom she remained married until April 1, 1960. They had one child. On November 24, 1960 she married again, this time with Dr. Robert Peterson, but they divorced on June 9, 1966. They had one son, John.

 

She died two weeks after cancer surgery in Los Angeles, aged 69, from cancer at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, and had lived in Beverly Hills, California.

 

TRIVIA:

Measurements: 35 1/2-25-35 1/2

Height: 5' 5" (1.65 m)

Department of Strange Coincidences: Caulfield's former spouse, Frank Ross, had earlier been married to Jean Arthur. On the very day after Caulfield's death, Arthur herself died.

Hailed in her time as one of the screen's great beauties, many of her cameramen said she was one of the few women in Hollywood whom it was virtually impossible to photograph badly.

 

MobilgasAd-Sept1945.jpg Mobilgas Ad - September 1945

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