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This Day in WWII 14 September 1939 - 1944

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BelmontRadioAd-Sept1943.jpgBelmont Radio Ad - September 1943

 

1939: U39 attacks a battle group led by the Aircraft Carrier, HMS Ark Royal. She fires torpedo's at the carrier, but these miss. 3 Destroyer's of the Ark Royal's escort, launch an immediate counter-attack against U39 and sink her with depth charges. U39 gains the dubious honour of becoming the first U-boat to be sunk in the war.

 

Danielle%20Darrieux1.jpg *Danielle Darrieux

 

1940: Congress passed the Selective Training and Service Act, providing for the first peacetime draft in U.S. history.

 

1940: Hitler again postpones operations 'Sea-lion'. This time till the 27th September, the last day of the month with suitable tides.

 

Danielle%20Darrieux2.jpg Danielle Darrieux

 

1941: Army Group Centre completes the encirclement of two Soviet armies at Kiev.

 

1941: Rommel launches a probing operation with the 21st Panzer Division towards Sidi Barrani in the belief that a British fuel dump was located there. The British forces begin to fall back.

 

StetsonAd-Sept1944.jpg John B. Stetson Company Ad - September 1944

 

1942: Counter-attacks by the Soviet 62nd Army in Stalingrad fails as the 6th Army renews its attack against Stalingrad. The Soviet 62nd Army is hemmed into a narrow strip of land no more than 10 miles at its widest and 4 miles as its narrowest. However, a shortage of troops meant that the 6th Army could only attack on very narrow frontages. Couple this to the fact that the 6th Army was fighting in built-up areas, meant that progress was slow and losses high. Even so, the 51st Corps advanced toward the inner city and the Central Station.

 

1943: Heavy fighting continues in the Salerno bridgehead, with another German counter-attack. A U.S. paratroop battalion is dropped behind German lines. French commandos land in Corsica to help patriots fighting the Germans. British Special Boat Squadron occupies Kos in Aegean.

 

1943: The Germans begin to evacuate Bryansk, some 200 miles Southwest of Moscow.

 

Danielle%20Darrieux3.jpg Danielle Darrieux

 

1944: Russian troops reach the Vistula river in the Praga suburb of Warsaw, as planes drop supplies to the Polish Home Army which is trapped inside the city. Three Russian Baltic fronts launch an offensive with 900,000 men, 3,000 tanks and 2,600 aircraft against Army Group North which is forced to fall back to defensive positions around Riga.

 

1944: The French battlefleet enters Toulon.

 

Danielle%20Darrieux4.jpg Danielle Darrieux

 

*Danielle Yvonne Marie Antoinette Darrieux (born 1 May 1917) is a French actress and singer, who has appeared in more than 110 films since 1931. As one of France's great movie stars, her eight-decade career is among the longest in film history.

 

Born in Bordeaux, France, she is the daughter of a medical doctor who was at the time serving with the French Army during World War I but died when she was seven years old. Raised in Paris she studied the cello at the Conservatoire de Musique. At 13, she won a part in the musical film "Le Bal" (1931). Her beauty combined with her singing and dancing ability led to numerous other offers, and Mayerling (1936) brought her to fame.

 

In 1935, Darrieux married director/screenwriter, Henri Decoin, who encouraged her to try Hollywood. She signed with Universal Studios to star in "The Rage of Paris" (1938) opposite Douglas Fairbanks, Jr.. Afterwards, she elected to return to Paris.

 

Danielle%20Darrieux5.jpg Danielle Darrieux

 

Danielle found herself working under the scrutiny of the new Nazi regime. She made the best of things, continuing to star in films and entertaining the occupation troops as a singer. Unfortunately, this latter activity caused Ms. Darrieux to be labelled a collaborator by the French underground, which at one point targeted the actress for execution. After the war, there were some awkward moments for Danielle, but the death sentence was allowed to lapse.

After her divorce, she fell in love with Porfirio Rubirosa, a Dominican Republic diplomat and notorious womanizer. They married in 1942. His anti-Nazi opinions resulted in his forced residence in Germany. Darrieux accepted a promotional trip in Berlin in exchange for Rubirosa's liberation. They lived in Switzerland until the end of the war, and divorced in 1947. She married script-writer George Mitsikides in 1948, and lived with him until his death in 1991. She has continued to work, her career now spanning eight decades, most recently providing the voice of the protagonist's grandmother in the animated feature, Persepolis (2007), which deals with the impact of the Islamic revolution on a girl's life as she grows to adulthood in Iran. She was paid homage to in Quentin Tarantino's Inglourious Basterds (2009): when Shosanna Dreyfus is preparing to take the Nazis down, her assistant calls her Danielle Darrieux. On May 1st, 2017 she celebrated her 100th birthday.

 

Danielle Darrieux died on 17 October 2017 at the age of 100, due to complications from a fall.

 

KodakAd-Sept1945.jpg Kodak Ad - September 1945

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