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This Day in WWII 15 September 1939 - 1945 *1935 **1937

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3M-ScotchTapeAd-Sept1943.jpg3M-Scotch Tape Ad - September 1943

 

1939: The Polish submarine Orzel arrives in Tallinn, Estonia, after escaping the German invasion of Poland.

 

1939: Gdynia is captured by German forces. A Polish breakout attempt from the Kutno pocket fails.

 

1939: The Australian Government announces the creation of a 20,000 strong defense force.

 

Jane%20Wyman1.jpg ***Jane Wyman

 

1940: The climax of the Luftwaffe's daylight raids against the London docks is reached with the Luftwaffe's biggest raid on London so far. The British originally claim 185 Germans aircraft shot down, but later revise this to 56 German and 26 RAF planes lost.

 

1940: In the mid-Atlantic, south-east of Iceland, the Canadian merchant ship Kenordoc is sunk en route to Bristol, England.

 

Jane%20Wyman2.jpg Jane Wyman

 

1941: The US Navy begins to take over the convoying of British ships as far as Iceland, which seen as an un-neutral act by the German government.

 

1941: German soldiers attacked in the Champs Elysees in Paris.

 

1941: Siege of Leningrad begins.

 

BabyRuthCandyAd-Sept1943.jpg Baby Ruth Candy Bar Ad - September 1943

 

1942: Fierce fighting between German and Soviet forces erupts for possession of Mamayev Kurgan, the strategic hill overlooking Stalingrad.

 

1942: A Japanese submarine torpedo attack near the Solomon Islands results in the sinking of the Carrier WASP, and damage to the Destroyer O'BRIEN and Battleship NORTH CAROLINA.

 

Jane%20Wyman3.jpg Jane Wyman

 

1943: Mussolini proclaims his return to power and re-establishes fascism in northern Italy. The Axis is resumed and the death penalty introduced for all Italians carrying arms in German occupied areas.

 

1943: The Chinese government announces that the Japanese have offered to pull out of China, except for Manchuria and Formosa, but only if the Chinese will switch their support to the axis.

 

1943: The Australian 7th and 9th Divisions capture Lae in New Guinea after very heavy fighting.

 

Jane%20Wyman4.jpg Jane Wyman

 

1944: Twenty-seven RAF Lancaster bombers from an airfield in Northern Russia pound the Battleship Tirpitz with 12,000lb Tall Boy' bombs in Kaa Fjord, Norway, scoring a direct hit through the Tirpitz's forecastle and burst deep in her hull.

 

1944: The U.S. First Army reaches the Siegfried Line, to the East of Aachen and less than 40 miles west of Bonn. Maastricht and Eysden in southern Holland liberated. The US First Army occupies Nancy.

 

1944: All the V bomb launch sites are neutralized is southern Holland.

 

Ray-O-VacAd-Sept1943.jpg RAY-O-VAC Battery Ad - September 1943

 

1944: The Germans start a new flying bomb campaign, launching them from aircraft over Holland.

 

1944: The Red Army achieves a breakthrough at Narva.

 

1944: US Marines land on Peleliu Island in the Pacific, but suffer 1,100 casualties trying to establish a shallow beachhead.

 

Jane%20Wyman5.jpg Jane Wyman

 

1945: The fifth anniversary of the Battle of Britain, sees 300 RAF aircraft fly over London.

 

*1935: In Berlin, the Reich under Adolf Hitler adopts the swastika as the national flag.

 

**1937: Prime Minister of England Neville Chamberlain flies to Germany to discuss the future of Czechoslovakia with Adolf Hitler.

 

Jane%20Wyman6.jpg Jane Wyman

 

***A button-nosed star actress of the 1940s and 50s, Jane Wyman began her career as a radio singer and entered films in the mid-1930s as a bit player and chorine using the name Jane Durrell.

 

Jane Wyman was born Sarah Jane Mayfield on January 5, 1917, in St. Joseph, Missouri (she was also known later as Sarah Jane Faulks). Wyman was pigeonholed as a peppy blonde, sometimes wisecracking, sometimes ditzy, with occasional leads in mostly low-budget fare and plenty of supporting roles in more important films. She acted such roles for a decade before garnering recognition for her sensitive performance in Billy Wilder's harrowing "The Lost Weekend" (1945), opposite Ray Milland. Invariably a close-cropped brunette after that, Wyman went on to distinguish herself, typically as sensitive, intelligent, placid types, in several fine dramas and the occasional (if generally less worthy) comedy or musical. Among her career plaudits were her four Oscar nominations for Best Actress for her dramatic roles as a stern mother in "The Yearling" (1946), as a deaf-mute rape victim in "Johnny Belinda" (1948, which won her the award), as a self-sacrificing nursemaid in "The Blue Veil" (1951) and as Rock Hudson's "Magnificent Obsession" in the 1954 Douglas Sirk melodrama.

 

Jane%20Wyman7.jpg Jane Wyman

 

In the mid-50s, Wyman appeared regularly on TV as host of "The Jane Wyman Theatre"; though her feature stardom began to slide rather abruptly, she also continued performing in films including Sirk's fine "All That Heaven Allows" (1956). One of her last notable feature leads came in the Disney film "Pollyanna" (1960), in which she revisited the role of the stern matriarch who learns to love which she had played in "The Yearling". Following an absence of several years, she resurfaced in a number of TV-movies and later emerged as Angela Channing, one of America's favorite nasty matriarchs, in the popular CBS TV soap, "Falcon Crest" (1981-90).

 

Wyman's second husband was actor and future US President Ronald Reagan, with whom she collaborated to produce daughter Maureen Reagan, sometime actress, singer and White House adviser who died in 2001. They also adopted a son, Michael, a radio personality. She later twice married and divorced Fox musician and vocal coach Fred Karger.

 

Jane Wyman died at the age of 90 at her Rancho Mirage home on Monday, September 10, 2007, having long suffered from arthritis and diabetes.

 

TRIVIA:

Height: 5' 5½" (1.66 m)

Her name changed to "Jane Faulks" when she was unofficially "adopted" by the Faulks family, middle-aged neighbors of her single mother. Moved to So. California with Mrs. Faulks when she was widowed in 1928.

Several sources have given her date of birth as January 4, 1914, which would mean she was one of the first (and one of the very few) actresses to make herself older. She is a serious convert to Roman Catholicism, attending Mass with good friend Loretta Young.

 

BellTelephoneAd-Sept1944.jpg Bell Telephone Ad - September 1944

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