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This Day in WWII 16 September 1939 - 1945

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WesternCartridgeCompanyAd-Sept1943.jpgWestern Cartridge Company Ad - September 1943

 

 

1939: Convoy OB-4, sailing from Liverpool to North America, is attacked by U-31 (Johannes Habekost), becoming the first "clear" convoy contact in British waters of the war. U-31 sinks 1 ship, the 4,060-ton British freighter Aviemore.

 

1940: President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed into law the Selective Training and Service Act, which set up the first peacetime military draft in U.S. history.

 

Joi%20Lansing1.jpg *Joi Lansing

 

1940: Piccadilly, Park Lane, Bond St. hit in night raids.

 

1940: Italian advance in Egypt continues with occupation of Sidi Barrani, 60 miles from frontier. At this point the Italians halt their offensive and begin to construct a number of fortified camps.

 

Joi%20Lansing2.jpg Joi Lansing

 

1941: The US announce that it will provide escort for ships carrying Lend-Lease material up to 26°W, which meant that clashes with U-boats would become more likely.

 

1941: Guderian's Panzer Group 2 and Kleist's Panzer Group 1 meet east of Kiev, trapping five Red Armies.

 

1941: The Shah of Iran abdicates and his son, Crown Prince 'Mohammad Reza Pahlavi' takes over.

 

Joi%20Lansing3.jpg Joi Lansing

 

1942: The Women's Airforce Service Pilots (WASPS) are established in the U.S.. The armed forces will be supplied with more than 1000 auxiliary pilots through this organization.

 

1942: Stalingrad railway station changes hands several times.

 

Joi%20Lansing4.jpg Joi Lansing

 

1942: The Governor General of Madagascar asks for an armistice.

 

1942: The Japanese base at Kiska in the Aleutian Islands is raided by American bombers.

 

Joi%20Lansing5.jpg Joi Lansing

 

1943: The Dambuster squadron makes a disastrous first use of 12,000lb 'Tall Boy' bombs with a raid on the Dortmund-Ems canal.

 

1943: In a sign of the increasing confidence and audacity of the French Resistance, Julius Ritter, an aide to Nazi Labour Minister Fritz Sauckel, is shot to death in broad daylight on the Etoile in Paris. Fifty Frenchmen are taken hostage and executed by the Nazis in reprisal.

 

CampbellSoupAd-Sept1943.jpg Campbell Soup Ad - September 1943

 

1943: British occupy Leros in Aegean. German counterattacks against the U.S. bridgehead at Salerno are halted. Tito's partisans are reported to have captured Split on Yugoslavia coast.

 

1943: The Black Sea port of Novorossiysk is captured by the Russians after a week of amphibious and land operations.

 

Joi%20Lansing6.jpg Joi Lansing

 

1944: Conclusion of the Quebec meeting between Roosevelt and Churchill who sign off on the Morgenthau Plan for the treatment of post-war Germany.

 

1944: Dr. Goebbels exhorts all Germans to resist with the utmost fanaticism.

 

Joi%20Lansing7.jpg Joi Lansing

 

1944: Over objections from his top generals, Hitler decides to launch a counteroffensive through the Ardennes region of Belgium in an attempt to stop the Allied advance on the western front. The result will be the Battle of the Bulge.

 

1944: The British make am unopposed landing on the Greek Island of Kythera off the Peloponnese. The Russians enter Sofia, the capital of Bulgaria.

 

1945: Japan surrenders Hong Kong to Britain.

 

Joi%20Lansing8.jpg Joi Lansing

 

*Joi Lansing was born Joyce Renee Brown in Salt Lake City, Utah, on April 6, 1929. She was a young lady who developed, physically, early as a teen. Because of her striking good looks, she began to model and was extremely successful throughout the 1940s. It was only natural that her physical assets eventually landed her on the silver screen. Her first go at films occurred in 1948 with roles as - what else? - a model in "The Counterfeiters" (1948), "Julia Misbehaves" (1948) and "Easter Parade" (1948). She was 20 years old. Her acting wasn't exactly polished in the beginning, but producers didn't care - she was hired because of her looks and her body.

 

Joi%20Lansing9.jpg Joi Lansing

 

The following year brought more of the same, getting parts (mostly uncredited) in films as nothing more than a showpiece. Joi took a hiatus from films in 1950 while she concentrated on her modeling career. She returned to the big screen in 1951 to play minor roles, but this time it was a little better. She played Susan Matthews in "FBI Girl" (1951) and Marilyn Turner in "On the Riviera" (1951) - at least she had names to go along with her characters. Then it was back to being a showpiece. In 1952 she had an uncredited role in one of the most popular movies of all time, "Singin' in the Rain" (1952). Another minor role as the Maxim Girl in "The Merry Widow" (1952) followed. She began appearing on television in 1955 when she played in an episode of "Adventures of Wild Bill Hickok" (1951) and one of "I Love Lucy" (1951) the following year. In 1955 Joi landed a recurring role as Shirley Swanson in the TV series "The Bob Cummings Show" (1955). It was this show that proved to all that Joi could, indeed, act and act well. Because of this series, she began to get a few more substantial parts in films such as "The Brave One" (1956), "Hot Cars" (1956) and "So You Think the Grass Is Greener" (1956), all in 1956. Then it was back to bit roles. For the balance of the 1950s she continued to appear in B movies with less than quality roles. After appearing in "Who Was That Lady?" (1960) in 1960, Joi landed the part of Goldie in the "Klondike" (1960) TV series. However, most viewers remember her as the wife of Lester Flatt in "The Beverly Hillbillies" (1962), which she appeared on and off from 1965-1968. As Gladys Flatt, her beauty even surpassed that of Ellie May, played by Donna Douglas. Her film career was winding down. In 1967 she appeared as Boots Malone in "Hillbillys in a Haunted House" (1967). This B movie went nowhere. Joi was diagnosed with breast cancer, and died at the age of 43 on August 7, 1972, in Santa Monica, California.

 

TRIVIA:

Measurements: 38 1/2-23-35 (on "The Bob Cummings Show" (1955)). (Source: Celebrity Sleuth magazine)

Height: 5' 5" (1.65 m)

Was married four times. Her first marriage occurred at the age of 17 but lasted less than a year. Her second, to Columbia sales manager Jerry Safron, was over within four months. Her third, to handsome actor Lance Fuller, ended in separation and divorce after only a year and a half. She was long estranged from fourth husband, Stan Todd, an investment broker who became her manager, by the time she died of breast cancer in 1972.

 

PhilcoAd-Sept1945.jpg Philco Ad - September 1945

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