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This Day in WWII 3 October 1940 - 1944

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PhilcoCorporationAd-Oct1942.jpgPhilco Corporation Ad - October 1942

 

1940: U.S. Army adopts airborne, or parachute, soldiers. Airborne troops were later used in World War II for landing troops in combat and infiltrating agents into enemy territory.

 

1940: Chamberlain resigns as Lord President of the Council through ill health, and cabinet is reshuffled with Sir Kingsley Wood, the Chancellor, and Ernie Bevin, Minister of Labour joining War Cabinet.

 

1940: Vichy France passes its own version of the anti-Jewish Nuremberg Laws.

 

Donna%20Martell1.jpg *Donna Martell

 

1941: Charles Lindbergh warns an America First audience that President Roosevelt wants to "prevent freedom of speech" and might go so far as to cancel congressional elections in 1942.

 

1941: British road deaths in the second year of war up 65% on the pre-war figure.

 

1941: Hitler tells the German people that Russian 'has already been broken and will never rise again'. Troops of Army Group Centre capture Orel.

 

Black&WhiteScotchAd-Oct1942.jpg Black & White Scotch Ad - October 1942

 

1941: General Cunningham's plan for 'Operation Crusader' is approved by General Auchinleck to be launched on the 11th November. The aim is for XXX Corps, which includes the bulk of the British Armour to draw the 15th and 21st Panzer Division into combat and destroy their tank strength. Then, XIII Corps, having contained the axis forces on the frontier, would envelop them from the south and advance on Tobruk, whose garrison would break out at an opportune moment and link up. While all this was happening, a smaller element called 'Oasis Force' would advance further west in to Libya than the main force, in order to deceive Rommel as to where the main effort was to be made. Further smaller operations were to be mounted by the SAS on Axis airfields in Libya in an attempt to destroy aircraft on the ground.

 

1941: Australian Independents vote with the Labour to defeat McFadden government.

 

Donna%20Martell4.jpg Donna Martell

 

1942: Germany conducts the first successful test flight of a V-2 missile, which flies perfectly over a 118-mile course.

 

1942: The 6th Army continues to push the decimated Soviet 62nd Army back toward the Volga, but with heavy losses to both sides.

 

CrownZipperAd-Oct1943.jpg Crown Zipper Ad - October 1943

 

1943: The Germans invade Kos with the assistance of massive air support.

 

1943: Japanese forces launch the successful 'rice' offensive in Central China.

 

1944: The allies begin a 60-hour truce at Dunkirk to allow the evacuation of civilians. The U.S. Third Army resumes its attack on Fort Driant, Metz for the next 10 days.

 

Donna%20Martell3.jpg Donna Martell

 

*Born Irene De Mario on 24 December 1927, a native of Los Angeles, Donna Martell was first "spotted" at L.A. City College by a fellow student who worked for a Hollywood talent scout. Just 17, she made her motion picture debut (acting under the name Donna DeMario) in the Republic Western "Apache Rose" (1947) with Roy Rogers and Dale Evans, her first of over two dozen movie credits. In addition to "Apache Rose", Donna's western film credits include: "Hills of Utah (1951) and "Twilight on the Rio Grande" (1947) with Gene Autry, "Ten Wanted Men" (1954) with Randolph Scott, "Last of the Desperadoes" (1956) with James Craig, and "Robin Hood of Monterey" with Gilbert Roland (as the Cisco Kid).

 

Donna was offered a contract at Republic, but opted to sign with Universal. During the late 1940s - early 1950s, she appeared in a variety of female leads, supporting roles and bits --- she was at Monogram with Johnny Sheffield in "Bomba and the Elephant Stampede" (1951) ... with Bud Abbott and Lou Costello in "Mexican Hayride" (1948) and "Abbott and Costello Meet the Killer, Boris Karloff" (1949)... with western singer/musician Tex Williams at Universal in "South of Santa Fe" (1949) ... at 20th Century Fox as the sister to Jennifer Jones in the big budget "Love Is a Many Splendored Thing" (1955) ... and as the female lead in the low budget sci-fi "Project Moon Base" (1953).

 

Donna%20Martell2.jpg Donna Martell in "Project Moon Base"

 

Later placed under contract by Universal-International, Martell acted in many of the studio's shorts and features before turning freelancer and establishing herself on television. Always busier on television (especially Western series) than in features, work in dozens of TV shows of the 1950s through early 1960s period, where she seemed to be one of the more prolific female performers. She did work with Gene Barry in "Bat Masterson", Jock Mahoney in "The Range Rider", Clint Walker in "Cheyenne", Efrem Zimbalist on "77 Sunset Strip" ... and lots more.

 

Donna was married to baseball player Gene Corso. In later years, she did a variety of TV commercials. Martell dropped from acting in the 1960s, but has recently discovered "the convention circuit."

 

PhilcoCorporationAd-Oct1943.jpg Philco Corporation Ad - October 1943

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