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This Day in WWII 28 July 1940 - 1945


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ACSparkPlugAd-July1944.jpgAC Spark Plug Ad - July 1944

 

1940: All road and rail links between occupied France and Vichy cut by the Germans.

 

1940: Slovak President and Premier meet Hitler and von Ribbentrop at Berchtesgarden.

 

Rita%20Hayworth1.jpg *Rita Hayworth

 

1941: Finland ends diplomatic relations with Great Britain.

 

1941: German troops begin to clear Soviet forces trapped in the Smolensk pocket.

 

Rita%20Hayworth2.jpg Rita Hayworth

 

1941: 40,000 Japanese troops land on the coast of Cochin, China (modern day Vietnam). Japan freezes all US and UK assets in retaliations.

 

1942: The effect of the fall of Rostov spreads panic and terror in the Soviet Union, prompting harsh counter-measures by the Soviet High Command.

 

Rita%20Hayworth3.jpg Rita Hayworth

 

1943: The second mass raid on Hamburg by 722 RAF bombers results in nine square miles of city being set alight.

 

1943: The Japanese garrison of 6,000 troops are secretly evacuated from Kiska in the Aleutians.

 

Coca-Cola-July1945.jpg Coca-Cola Ad-July 1945

 

1944: U.S. troops take Coutances, thereby meeting the objectives laid down for 'Operation Cobra'.

 

1944: Brest-Litovsk, on the Polish frontier is taken by the Russians. More crossings over the Vistula are also made.

 

Rita%20Hayworth4.jpg Rita Hayworth

 

1945: A B-25 bomber crashes into the Empire State Building in New York City, killing 14 people. (MORE INFO)

 

1945: The remnants of Japanese battlefleet are destroyed in three days of attacks over the Japanese Inland Sea, as the Americans deploy 2,000 carrier-planes and bombers in action.

 

Rita%20Hayworth5.jpg Rita Hayworth

 

*Margarita Carmen Cansino was born in New York on October 17, 1918 into a family of dancers. Her father, Eduardo was a dancer as was his father before him. He immigrated from Spain in 1913. Rita's mother met Eduardo in 1916 and were married the following year. Rita, herself, was trained as a dancer in order to follow in her family's footsteps. She joined her family on stage when she was 8 when her family was filmed in a movie called La fiesta (1926) (aka La Fiesta). It was her first film appearance, albeit uncredited, but by no means was it to be her last. Rita was seen dancing by a Fox executive and was impressed enough to offer her a contract. Rita's "second" debut was in the film Cruz Diablo (1934) at the age of 16. She continued to play small bit parts in several films under the name of "Rita Cansino" until she played the second female lead in Only Angels Have Wings (1939) when she played "Judy McPherson". By this time, she was at Columbia where she was getting top billing but it was the Warner Brothers film The Strawberry Blonde (1941) that seemed to set her apart from the rest of what she had previously done. This was the film that exuded the warmth and seductive vitality that was to make her famous.

 

Rita%20Hayworth6.jpg Rita Hayworth

 

Her natural, raw beauty was showcased later that year in Blood and Sand (1941) filmed in Technicolor. She was probably the second most popular actress after Betty Grable. In You'll Never Get Rich (1941) with Fred Astaire, in 1941, was probably the film that moviegoers felt close to Rita. Her dancing, for which she had trained all her life, was astounding. After the hit Gilda (1946), her career was on the skids. Although she was still making movies, they never approached her earlier work. The drought began between The Lady from Shanghai (1947) and Champagne Safari (1952). Then after Salome (1953), she was not seen again until Pal Joey (1957). Part of the reasons for the downward spiral was television, but also Rita had been replaced by the new star at Columbia, Kim Novak. After a few, rather forgettable films in the 1960s, her career was essentially over. Her final film was The Wrath of God (1972). Her career was really never the same after Gilda (1946). Her dancing had made the film and had made her. Perhaps Gene Ringgold said it best when he remarked, "Rita Hayworth is not an actress of great depth. She was a dancer, a glamorous personality and a sex symbol. These qualities are such that they can carry her no further professionally". Perhaps he was right but Hayworth fans would vehemently disagree with him. Rita, herself, said, "Every man I have known has fallen in love with Gilda and wakened with me". By 1980, Rita was wracked with Alzheimer's Disease. It ravaged her so, that she finally died on May 14, 1987 in New York City. She was 68.

 

Studebaker-July1945.jpg Studebaker Ad - July 1945

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