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This Day in WWII 9 August 1940 - 1945


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SchenleyLaboratoriesAd-August1944.jpgSchenley Laboratories Ad - August 1944


1940: Italian ground forces make slow progress in British Somaliland. Both the Italians and the British conduct air raids against each other.


1940: British troops to be withdrawn from Shanghai and North China.


Frances%20Langford1.jpg *Frances Langford


1941: President Franklin Roosevelt and Prime Minister Winston Churchill meet at Placentia Bay, Newfoundland. The meeting produces the Atlantic Charter, an agreement between the two countries on war aims, even though the United States is still a neutral country.


1941: German Army Group South resumes its offensive to the east, along the river Bug, with 11th and 17th Armies.


Frances%20Langford2.jpg Frances Langford


1942: Convoy SC-94 lose 7 British, U.S. and Dutch ships, torpedoed by German U-boats in the North Atlantic.


1942: The 1st Panzer Army captures the Maikop oilfields, which were left burning furiously by the Red Army, so little refined fuel was found. German 17th Army which was advancing behind the 1st Panzer Army reaches Krasnodar, on the river Kuban.



Lieutenant Colonel R.L Baseler with Bob Hope and Frances Langford in front of Baseler's P40 'Stud' in North Africa (1943). Bob Hope cracked up Frances Langford with a few choice remarks about the meaning of the word 'STUD'!


1942: Gandhi is arrested.


1942: Battle of Savo Island begins as 7 Japanese cruisers and a destroyer approach undetected west of Savo Island, Solomon Islands and sinks the U.S. heavy cruisers, Quincey, Vincennes and Astoria and the Australian cruiser Canberra. They also damage 1 cruiser and 2 destroyers. The allied ships depart leaving the Guadalcanal area is in the control of the Japanese forces.


Frances%20Langford4.jpg Frances Langford


1944: German Panzers fight viciously with the Canadians and Poles who make only slow progress towards Caen. The U.S. 5th Armored Division take Le Mans. Eisenhower sets up a HQ in France.


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1945: U.S. B-29 "Bocks Car" drops atomic bomb "Fat Man" on Nagasaki, Japan. Two-thirds of the city of 250,000 inhabitants is destroyed and 113,000 people die.


1945: Soviet Army massed at the Manchurian border sweeps into northern China and northern Korea overwhelming the Japanese defense.


1945: Truman broadcasts from Washington about Potsdam conference and the atom bomb.


Frances%20Langford5.jpg Frances Langford


Frances Langford was born Julia Frances Newbern Langford on Saturday, April 04, 1914 in Lakeland, Florida, she was the daughter of Vasco Cleveland Langford and his wife, Anna Rhea Newbern. She was an American singer and entertainer who was popular during the Golden Age of Radio and also made film appearances over two decades.


Langford originally trained as an opera singer. While a young girl she required surgery on her throat, and as a result, she was forced to change her vocal style to a more contemporary big band, popular music style. While singing for radio during the early 1930s, she was heard by Rudy Vallee, who invited her to become a regular on his radio show. From 1935 until 1938 she was a regular performer on Dick Powell's radio show. From 1946 to 1951, she performed with Don Ameche on The Bickersons.


With her film debut in "Every Night at Eight" (1935) she introduced what became her signature song: "I'm in the Mood for Love." She then began appearing frequently in films such as "Broadway Melody of 1936" (1935), "Born to Dance" (1936) and "Yankee Doodle Dandy" (1942) with James Cagney, in which she performed the popular song "Over There." In several of these films, such as Broadway Melody, she appeared as herself, as she did in 1953 in "The Glenn Miller Story" where she sang "Chattanooga Choo Choo" with the Modernaires and the movie orchestra.


From 1941, Langford was a regular singer on Bob Hope's radio show. During World War II, she joined Hope, Jerry Colonna, and other performers on U.S.O. tours through Europe, North Africa, and the South Pacific, entertaining thousands of G.I.'s throughout the world.


In his memoir, "Don't Shoot! It's Only Me!", Bob Hope recalled how Frances Langford got the biggest laugh he had ever heard. At a U.S.O. show in the South Pacific, Langford stood up on a stage to sing before a huge crowd of G.I.'s. When Langford sang the first line of her signature song, "I'm in the Mood for Love," a soldier in the audience stood up and shouted, "You've come to the right place, honey!"


During her travels with Hope, Langford often experienced the hazards of war first hand, taking shelter during bombing raids and dodging aerial attacks. During one of their USO tours, she and Bob Hope were forced to leap out of a jeep to avoid fire from a German fighter plane. They both jumped to safety in a culvert, with Frances landing on top of Bob. Another time they spent the night in the basement of a hotel in Algiers as bombs burst above them. She also survived the crash of the show's airplane in Australia. Langford once caused an uproar when she violated military rules by hitching a ride in a P-38 fighter plane. The matter was made worse when the plane went into action during its flight.


Frances%20Langford6.jpg Frances Langford


Also, during the war, Langford wrote a weekly column for Hearst Newspapers, entitled "Purple Heart Diary," in which she described her visits to military hospitals to entertain wounded G.I.'s. She used the weekly column as a means of allowing the recovering troops to voice their complaints, and to ask for public support for making sure that the wounded troops received all the supplies and comforts they needed. During the war while on a stint in Italy, Francis danced with George Belt, a serviceman from Ozark, Arkansas. He still brags about it today.


In 1953, Frances again entertained troops with the USO, this time in Korea. She gave her last public concert in 1966 during a tour for the US forces in Vietnam. Her association with Hope continued into the 1980s. In 1989 she joined him for a USO tour to entertain troops in the Persian Gulf.


Frances Langford married three times. Her first husband, from 1934 until 1955, was actor Jon Hall. In 1948 they donated 20 acres of land near her estate in Jensen Beach, Florida to the Board of County Commissioners of Martin County, which named it Langford Hall Park. Located at 2369 N.E. Dixie Highway just south of the Stuart Welcome Arch, it is known today simply as Langford Park and is one of the county's major parks.


In 1955, she married Outboard Marine Corporation President Ralph Evinrude. They lived on her estate in Jensen Beach and opened a resort they named The Outrigger, where Langford frequently performed. Evinrude died in 1986. In 1994, she married Harold Stuart, who had been an assistant secretary of the United States Air Force under President Harry S. Truman and who survived her. She had no children.


Langford was a supportive member of the Jensen Beach community and constantly donated money to the community. She died at her Jensen Beach, Florida home on July 11, 2005, at age 92 from congestive heart failure. In 2006, the Frances Langford Heart Center, made possible by a bequest from her estate, opened at Martin Memorial Hospital in Stuart, Florida.



Nickname: Sweetheart of the Fighting Fronts

Height: 5' (1.52 m)

Personal Quotes:

"Entertaining the troops was the greatest thing in my life. We were there just to do our job, to help make them laugh and be happy if they could." (January 2002)

"I'd sing a song, and I could just see the guys getting this faraway expression. I knew they were going home in their minds."


MobiloilAd2-August1945.jpg Mobiloil Ad - August 1945

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On 8/9/2019 at 6:58 AM, Donster said:

SchenleyLaboratoriesAd-August1944.jpgSchenley Laboratories Ad - August 1944


Many lives, both on and off battlefields, have been saved by penicillin.  Penicillin and its derivatives were miracle cures and widely used by doctors all over the world.  In the 1960's, every time you have a runny nose and/or a cough, some form of penicillin was injected and/or prescribed.  Unfortunately, penicillin was over used and often used to battle viruses, against which it has no useful effect.  The end result was many types of bacteria becoming resistant to penicillin, so new antibiotics were developed, over used, bacteria became resistant, repeat the whole process.

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Many lives, both on and off battlefields, have been saved by penicillin.  Penicillin and its derivatives were miracle cures and widely used by doctors all over the world.  In the 1960's, every time you have a runny nose and/or a cough, some form of penicillin was injected and/or prescribed.  Unfortunately, penicillin was over used and often used to battle viruses, against which it has no useful effect.  The end result was many types of bacteria becoming resistant to penicillin, so new antibiotics were developed, over used, bacteria became resistant, repeat the whole process.


In the early 1940's, Penicillin was in its infancy as a lifesaving drug. And with the breakout of WWII, there wasn't many manufacturing facilities making it, or fast enough for the rapidly increasing demand. So they "recycled" it by extracting it from a patients urine. Then Penicillin didn't stay in the body very long. The kidneys excreted up to 95% of each intravenous dose of penicillin.  So large doses and for a long length of time was needed to help cure a patient of an infection. It wasn't until the drug Probenicid, an agent that would slow the excretion of penicillin in the kidney’s tubules was used to allow penicillin the time to diffuse throughout the body to let the Penicillin do it's work, thus eliminating having to give larger doses and shortening the amount of time that had to be administered to cure the infection. Once manufacturing of penicillin kicked into high gear, this necessity of recycling excreted antibiotics would be be dropped in favor of just applying another vial of the drug.


From Wikipedia:


The challenge of mass-producing this drug was daunting. On March 14, 1942, the first patient was treated for streptococcal sepsis with US-made penicillin produced by Merck & Co. Half of the total supply produced at the time was used on that one patient, Anne Miller. By June 1942, just enough US penicillin was available to treat ten patients. In July 1943, the War Production Board drew up a plan for the mass distribution of penicillin stocks to Allied troops fighting in Europe. The results of fermentation research on corn steep liquor at the Northern Regional Research Laboratory at Peoria, Illinois, allowed the United States to produce 2.3 million doses in time for the invasion of Normandy in the spring of 1944. After a worldwide search in 1943, a moldy cantaloupe in a Peoria, Illinois market was found to contain the best strain of mold for production using the corn steep liquor process. Pfizer scientist Jasper H. Kane suggested using a deep-tank fermentation method for producing large quantities of pharmaceutical-grade penicillin. Large-scale production resulted from the development of a deep-tank fermentation plant by chemical engineer Margaret Hutchinson Rousseau.As a direct result of the war and the War Production Board, by June 1945, over 646 billion units per year were being produced.

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