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This Day in WWII 16 August 1940 - 1945


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CamelCigaretteAd-August1944.jpgCamel Cigarette Ad - August 1944

 

1940: Luftwaffe again raids southern England.

 

1940: Death of Hector Bywater, author of 1925 Great Pacific War.

 

Faith%20Domergue1.jpg *Faith Domergue

 

1941: Stalin acknowledges UK and US aid plan and agrees to the 'apportionment of our joint resources'. Anglo-Soviet exchange agreement signed. 56th Panzer Korps of Panzer Group 4 takes Novgorod on the road to Leningrad. German and Romanian forces of Army Group South captures Nikolaev, an important Soviet naval base on the Black Sea.

 

1943: U.S. troops enter Messina in North eastern Sicily in a final push to clear the island. Axis evacuation of 100,000 troops has been completed.

 

Faith%20Domergue2.jpg Faith Domergue

 

1943: The Red Army launches an offensive against the Mius line toward Stalino.

 

1943: The Bialystok Ghetto is liquidated.

 

Faith%20Domergue3.jpg Faith Domergue

 

1944: Radio Paris, the German-controlled collaborationist radio station, goes off the air. General de Lattre de Tassigny's French First Army begins to land in force in southern France. Hitler orders the withdrawal of all German forces in southern France. The French Resistance steps up its attacks on German posts along the Swiss border, assaulting Machilly, Saint-Julien and Valleiry. The first two surrender with minimal bloodshed, but the 20 German customs officers at Valleiry are shot out of hand by resistants following their surrender, along with two French women who were with them. A German relief column arrives too late, shooting seven civilians and burning 20 houses in retaliation.

 

Faith%20Domergue4.jpg Faith Domergue

 

1944: Japanese resistance in Northeast India ends.

 

1945: Lieutenant General Jonathan Wainwright, who was taken prisoner by the Japanese on Corregidor on May 6, 1942, is released from a POW camp in Manchuria by U.S. troops.

 

Faith%20Domergue5.jpg Faith Domergue

 

*Born in New Orleans, Domergue (last name was properly pronounced "Dah-mure," but was often mispronounced "Dommer-gue) was adopted by Annabelle Quimet and Leo Domergue when she was six weeks old (she found out later in life that she was adopted and that she was of Irish and English ancestry). The family moved to California in the 1930s where Domergue attended Beverly Hills Catholic School and St. Monica's Convent School. While still in high school, she was signed to Warner Bros. where she made her first onscreen appearance in "Blues in the Night" (1941).

 

After graduating in 1942, Domergue continued to pursue a career in acting but after sustaining injuries in a near-fatal car accident, her plans were put on hold. While recuperating from the accident, she attended a party aboard Howard Hughes' yacht. Hughes was taken by Domergue and bought out her contract with Warner Bros., and signed her to a three picture contract with RKO. After an unsuccessful, long-delayed premiere in the film "Vendetta" (1950), Domergue left Hughes. She later freelanced in a number of films, including film noir "Where Danger Lives" (1950) (as a femme fatale opposite Robert Mitchum), westerns "The Duel at Silver Creek" (1952), "The Great Sioux Uprising" (1953), "Santa Fe Passage" (1955) and also in 1955, three sci-fi/monster films "It Came from Beneath the Sea", "This Island Earth" and "Cult of the Cobra".

 

Faith%20Domergue6.jpg Faith Domergue sultry promotional still from "The Duel at Silver Creek" with Audie Murphy

 

Domergue later made films in England "The Atomic Man" (1955) and Italy, and a last sci-fi foray in the Russian film "Voyage to a Prehistoric Planet", in 1965. In the late 1950s and 1960s she made many appearances on popular television series, including "Have Gun Will Travel", "Bonanza", "Perry Mason", and "The Rifleman". By the late 1960s, Domergue had lost interest in acting as a career, and her last acting appearances were mainly in low-budget 'B' horror movies. She began traveling to Rome, Italy in 1952, and lived there for extended periods of time. She moved there permanently in 1968, and remained an expatriate in Rome, Geneva, Switzerland, and Marbella, Spain until the death of her Roman husband, Paolo in 1991.

 

In 1941, Domergue began an on-off relationship with Howard Hughes. After discovering that Hughes was also seeing Ava Gardner, Rita Hayworth, and Lana Turner, the couple broke up in 1943. She later wrote a book about her relationship with Hughes entitled My Life with Howard Hughes (1972). In 1946, Domergue married bandleader Teddy Stauffer. The marriage lasted six months, ending in 1947. That same year, she married director Hugo Fregonese with whom she had two children. The couple divorced in 1958, and Domergue went on to marry third husband John Anthony in 1961. Her third marriage lasted less than a year. In 1966, she married Paolo Cossa, with whom she remained until his death in 1996. On April 4, 1999, Domergue died of cancer in Santa Barbara, California, at the age of 74.

 

TRIVIA:

Trade Mark: She spoke with a lisp.

In the 2004 Howard Hughes biopic film The Aviator, Domergue was played by Kelli Garner.

She spoke French, Spanish and Italian well.

Children with Hugo Fregonese: Diana Maria (b. 1 January 1949) and John Anthony (b. 22 August 1951). John is co-principal of urban planning firm Fregonese-Calthorpe Associates in Portland, Oregon.

 

ChesterfieldCigaretteAd-August1944.jpg Chesterfield Cigarette Ad - August 1944

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