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This Day in WWII 28 November 1939 - 1945


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GMCTruckAd-Nov1942.jpgGMC Truck Ad - November 1942

 

1939: The Soviet Union scraps its nonaggression pact with Finland.

 

1939: The Australian Cabinet agrees to the sending of Australian troops overseas.

 

Debbie%20Reynolds1.jpg *Debbie Reynolds

 

1941: Overextended and short of supplies, the III Panzerkorps evacuates Rostov and withdraws to the Mius river, 30 miles to the West.

 

1941: The aircraft carrier USS Enterprise departs from Pearl Harbor to deliver F4F Wildcat fighters to Wake Island. This mission saves the carrier from destruction when the Japanese attack Pearl Harbor.

 

Debbie%20Reynolds2.jpg Debbie Reynolds

 

1943: The Teheran summit conference opens with Churchill, Roosevelt and Stalin, who discuss the future of post-war Germany and Poland.

 

1943: The Eighth Army offensive on Sangro continues, with a second bridgehead being established.

 

CamelCigaretteAd2-Nov1943.jpg Camel Cigarette Ad - November 1943

 

1944: The U.S. Ninth Army reaches the Roer from Julich to Linnich. The French First Army closes its pincers at Bumhaupt, but only part of German 63rd Corps is trapped, 17,000 prisoners and 120 guns have been taken since 14th October.

 

1944: The first shipment of supplies reach Antwerp by convoy, a new route for the Allies.

 

1944: British actor Arthur Treacher agrees to be raffled off at a series of bond rallies to the person buying the largest number of War Bonds. Treacher, who has made a career of playing the perfect butler, will work as a butler at an occasion of the winner's choosing.

 

Debbie%20Reynolds3.jpg Debbie Reynolds

 

1945: The official Hiroshima and Nagasaki casualty figures are announced as between 110,000 and 165,00 dead.

 

Debbie%20Reynolds4.jpg Debbie eynolds

 

*Reynolds was born Mary Frances Reynolds in El Paso, Texas on April 1, 1932, the second child of Maxine N. (née Harmon; 1913-1999) and Raymond Francis Reynolds (1903-1986), who was a carpenter for the Southern Pacific Railroad. Reynolds was a Girl Scout and a troop leader (a scholarship in her name is offered to high-school age Girl Scouts). Her family moved to Burbank, California, in 1939, and she was raised in a strict Nazarene faith. At age 16, while a student at Burbank's John Burroughs High School, Reynolds won the Miss Burbank Beauty Contest, a contract with Warner Brothers, and acquired her new first name.

 

Debbie Reynolds regularly appeared in movie musicals during the 1950s and had several hit records during the period. Her song "Aba Daba Honeymoon" (featured in the 1950 film Two Weeks with Love as a duet with Carleton Carpenter) was a top-three hit in 1951. Her most high-profile film role was in "Singin' in the Rain" (1952) as Kathy Selden. In "Bundle of Joy" (1956) she appeared with her then-husband, Eddie Fisher.

 

Her recording of the song "Tammy" (from her 1957 film Tammy and the Bachelor) earned her a gold record, and was the best-selling single by a female vocalist in 1957. It was number one for five weeks on the Billboard pop charts. In the movie (the first of the Tammy film series) she co-starred with Leslie Nielsen.

 

In 1959 Reynolds recorded her first album for Dot Records, simply called Debbie, which included her own selection of 12 standards including "S'posin'", "Moonglow", "Mean To Me" and "Time After Time".

 

Reynolds also scored two other top-25 Billboard hits with "A Very Special Love" (1958) and "Am I That Easy to Forget" (1960) a pop-music version of a country-music hit made famous by both songwriters Carl Belew (in 1959), Skeeter Davis (in 1960), and several years later by singer Engelbert Humperdinck. During these years she also headlined in major Las Vegas showrooms.

 

Debbie%20Reynolds5.jpg Debbie Reynolds

 

Her starring role in "The Unsinkable Molly Brown" (1964) led to a nomination for the Academy Award for Best Actress. She then portrayed Jeanine Deckers in "The Singing Nun" (1966).

 

In what Reynolds has called the "stupidest mistake of my entire career", she made headlines in 1970 after instigating a fight with the NBC television network over cigarette advertising on her eponymous television series; NBC canceled the show.

 

She continues to make appearances in film and television. On the NBC series "Wings", she played Deedee Chapel, the mother of Helen Chapel-played by Crystal Bernard and the mother of Casey Chapel Davenport-played by Amy Yasbeck. The November 1994 episode was called "If It's Not One Thing, It's Your Mother". From 1999 to its 2006 series finale, she played Grace Adler's ditzy mother Bobbi Adler on the NBC sitcom "Will & Grace" (19982006), which earned her a Emmy Award nomination for Outstanding Guest Actress in a Comedy Series in 2000. She also plays a recurring role in the Disney Channel Original Movie "Halloweentown" film series as Aggie Cromwell. Reynolds made a guest appearance as a presenter at the 69th Academy Awards in 1997.

 

Debbie%20Reynolds6.jpg Debbie Reynolds

 

Reynolds has been married three times. She and Eddie Fisher were married in 1955. They are the parents of Carrie Fisher and Todd Fisher. A public scandal ensued when Fisher and Elizabeth Taylor fell in love, and Reynolds and Fisher were divorced in 1959. Her second marriage, to millionaire businessman Harry Karl, lasted from 1960 to 1973. At its end, she found herself in financial difficulty because of Karl's gambling and bad investments. (Under the community property laws of California, both spouses in a marriage are legally responsible for debts incurred by either.) Reynolds was married to real estate developer Richard Hamlett from 1984 to 1996. They purchased Greek Isles Hotel & Casino, a small hotel and casino in Las Vegas, but it was not a success. In 1997, Reynolds was forced to declare bankruptcy.

 

Reynolds has been active in the Thalians Club, a charitable organization.

 

She has amassed a large collection of movie memorabilia and displayed them, first in a museum at her Las Vegas hotel and casino during the 1990s and later in a museum close to the Kodak Theater in Los Angeles. On several occasions she has auctioned off items from the collection. The collection is scheduled to re-open in the Gatlinburg, Tennessee, area in the future.

 

On December 28, 2016, Reynolds was hospitalized at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center following a medical emergency, which her son Todd Fisher later described as a "severe stroke". She died from the stroke that afternoon, one day after the death of her daughter Carrie Fisher.

 

TRIVIA:

Measurements: 33-23-34 (As Miss Burbank of 1948), 33 1/2B-23 1/2-34 1/2 (MGM costumer 1956), (Source: Celebrity Sleuth magazine).

Height: 5' 2" (1.57 m)

Nickname:

Princess Leia's Mom

Frannie

Aba Dabba

She appeared as Dan's mother, fresh out of the mental ward, during an episode of the sitcom "Roseanne" (1988). When she later appeared on Roseanne's talk show, she revealed that during the filming of that episode, while she and Roseanne were wrestling in the back yard, Roseanne, quite unknowingly, accidentally broke one of her ribs.

At one particularly low point in her career, she confessed to literally living in her car, a Cadillac.

 

WillysJeepAd-Nov1943.jpg Willys Jeep Ad - November 1943

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