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This Day in WWII 31 January 1940 - 1945


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ElectricBoatCompanyAd-Jan1944.jpgElectric Boat Company Ad - January 1944

 

1940: Sir John Simon announces food subsidies are running at £1,000,000 per week.

 

Ginger%20Rogers1.jpg *Ginger Rogers

 

1941: January's civilian casualty figures are 1,500 killed and 2,012 injured.

 

1941: The new recruits of the 'Nordland' Regiment give their oath to SS Reichsführer Himmler in Oslo.

 

1941: The Italian garrison at Metemma in northern Abyssinia, having been under increasing pressure for the past 3 weeks, begins to withdraw towards Gondar, allowing the 9th Indian Brigade to occupy the town.

 

1941: The Japanese intervene in the conflict between Vichy France and Thailand, imposing an armistice on the French, which they are powerless to refuse.

 

Ginger%20Rogers2.jpg Ginger Rogers

 

1942: SS Einsatzgruppe A reports a tally of 229,052 Jews killed.

 

1942: British and Commonwealth forces complete their evacuation of Malaya and withdraw to Singapore Island across the causeway with the Japanese only 8 miles away. Singapore now has the equivalent of four divisions to defend it, but morale is low and there are serious shortages of weapons. An additional Indian Brigade is landed at Rangoon and sent to join the 17th Indian Division.

 

Ginger%20Rogers3.jpg Ginger Rogers

 

1943: RAF Bomber Command makes first operational use of H2S radar.

 

1943: Vichy France creates the Milice (Militia), under the command of Joseph Darnand, an extreme right-wing World War 1 veteran, to combat the Resistance. The Milice effectively becomes an arm of the German Occupation and reaches a strength of more than 20,000 by mid-1944.

 

Ginger%20Rogers4.jpg Ginger Rogers

 

1943: The exhausted troops of 6th Army's southern pocket, having expended their last ammunition, surrender to the Red Army. The Russians capture Field Marshal Paulus and 16 generals.

 

1943: Eighth Army takes Zuara, near the Tunisian frontier.

 

AutocarTruckAd-Jan1945.jpg Autocar Truck Ad - Jan 1945

 

1944: The U.S. 34th Division crosses the Rapido.

 

1944: US forces attack the Marshall Islands, landing on Kwajalein, Roi and Namur. Land fighting begins in the Dutch New Guinea.

 

Ginger%20Rogers5.jpg Ginger Rogers

 

1945: Private Eddie Slovik became the only U.S. soldier since the Civil War to be executed for desertion. (MORE INFO)

 

1945: Two of Zhukov's armies establish a bridgehead on the Oder, to the North of Küstrin and less than 40 miles from Berlin.

 

1945: U.S. planes sink the Japanese floating dock at Singapore.

 

Ginger%20Rogers6.jpg Ginger Rogers

 

*Ginger Rogers was born Virginia Katherine McMath in Independence, Missouri on July 16, 1911. Her mother, known as Lelee, went to Independence to have Ginger away from her husband. She had a baby earlier in their marriage and he allowed the doctor to use forceps and the baby died. She was kidnapped by her father several times until her mother took him to court. Ginger's mother left her child in the care of her parents while she went in search of a job as a scriptwriter in Hollywood and later to New York City. Mrs. McMath found herself with an income good enough to where she could send for Ginger. Lelee became a Marine in 1918 and was in the publicity department and Ginger went back to her grandparents in Missouri. During this time her mother met John Rogers. After leaving the Marines they married in May, 1920 in Liberty, Missouri. He was transferred to Dallas and Ginger (who treated him as a father) went too. Ginger won a Charleston contest in 1925 (age 14) and a 4 week contract on the Interstate circuit. She also appeared in vaudeville acts which she did until she was 17 with her mother by her side to guide her. Now she had discovered true acting. She married in March, 1929, and after several months realized she had made a mistake. She acquired an agent and she did several short films. She went to New York where she appeared in the Broadway production of "Top Speed" which debuted Christmas Day, 1929. Her first film was in 1929 in "A Night in a Dormitory" (1930). It was a bit part, but it was a start. Later that year, Ginger appeared, briefly in two more films, "A Day of a Man of Affairs" (1929) and "Campus Sweethearts" (1930). For awhile she did both movies and theatre. The following year she began to get better parts in films such as "Office Blues" (1930) and "The Tip-Off" (1931). But the movie that enamored her to the public was "Gold Diggers of 1933" (1933). She did not have top billing but her beauty and voice was enough to have the public want more. She suggested using a monocle and this also set her apart. One song she popularized in the film was the now famous, "We're in the Money". In 1934, she starred with Dick Powell in "Twenty Million Sweethearts" (1934). It was a well received film about the popularity of radio. Ginger's real stardom occurred when she was teamed with Fred Astaire where they were one of the best cinematic couples ever to hit the silver screen. This is where she achieved real stardom. They were first paired in 1933's "Flying Down to Rio" (1933) and later in 1935's "Roberta" (1935) and "Top Hat" (1935). Ginger also appeared in some very good comedies such as "Bachelor Mother" (1939) and "5th Ave Girl" (1939) both in 1939. Also that year she appeared with Astaire in "The Story of Vernon and Irene Castle" (1939). The film made money but was not anywhere successful as they had hoped. After that studio executives at RKO wanted Ginger to strike out on her own. She made several dramatic pictures but it was 1940's "Kitty Foyle: The Natural History of a Woman" (1940) that allowed her to shine. Playing a young lady from the wrong side of the tracks, she played the lead role well, so well in fact, that she won an Academy Award for her portrayal. Ginger followed that project with the delightful comedy, "Tom Dick and Harry" (1941) the following year. It's a story where she has to choose which of three men she wants to marry. Through the rest of the 1940s and early 1950s she continued to make movies but not near the caliber before World War II. After "Oh, Men! Oh, Women!" (1957) in 1957, Ginger didn't appear on the silver screen for seven years. By 1965, she had appeared for the last time in "Harlow" (1965/II). Afterward, she appeared on Broadway and other stage plays traveling in Europe, the U.S. and Canada. After 1984, she retired and wrote an autobiography in 1991 entitled, "Ginger, My Story" which is a very good book. On April 25, 1995, Ginger died of natural causes in Rancho Mirage, California. She was 83.

 

Ginger%20Rogers7.jpg Ginger Rogers

TRIVIA:

Measurements: 34-23 1/2-34 1/2

Height: 5' 4 1/2" (1.64 m)

Spouse:

William Marshall (16 March 1961 - 1969) (divorced)

Jacques Bergerac (7 February 1953 - 7 July 1957) (divorced)

Jack Briggs (16 January 1943 - 7 September 1949) (divorced)

Lew Ayres (13 November 1934 - 13 March 1941) (divorced)

Jack Pepper (29 March 1929 - 11 July 1931) (divorced)

A distant cousin of Lucille Ball.

Sort-of cousin of Rita Hayworth. Ginger's aunt married Rita's uncle.

Her great-great-grandfather was a doctor who discovered quinine, the cure for malaria.

DolePineappleAd-Jan1945.jpg Dole Pineapple Ad - Jan 1945

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