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This Day in WWII 26 March 1941 - 1945 *1938


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strombergcarlson-march1942.jpgStromberg - Carlson Ad - March 1942

 

1941: The German Army High Command gives approval to RSHA and Heydrich on the tasks of SS murder squads (Einsatzgruppen) in occupied Poland.

 

1941: The British Cruiser York, is severely damaged and then beached at Suda Bay in Crete, when it is hit by an Italian motor boat loaded with explosives.

 

AnnSheridan1.jpg **Ann Sheridan

 

1942: Churchill tells the conservatives, 'It now seems very likely that we and our allies cannot lose this war, except through our own fault'.

 

1942: Two of the freighters from the recent relief convoy are sunk in port by the Luftwaffe. These two ships were still almost fully loaded as damage to the docks at Valletta has prevented their swift unloading. Of the 26,000 tons of supply that had been sent from Egypt on this latest convoy, only 5,000 tons were eventually unloaded.

 

AnnSheridan2.jpg Ann Sheridan

 

1942: General Blamey becomes the Commander-in-Chief of Australian Military Forces.

 

1943: The Eighth Army wins the battle of the Mareth line, forcing the axis troops to retreat to the North.

 

AnnSheridan3.jpg Ann Sheridan

 

1944: Koniev's armies reach the River Pruth on a 50-miles front. The Russians recapture Kamenets-Podolsk. in the Ukraine.

 

1945: The U.S. Third Army reaches Main and establishes contact with U.S. Seventh Army on the East side of Rhine, near Worms. The US Third Army captures Darmstadt.

 

AnnSheridan4.jpg Ann Sheridan

 

1945: The Russians take Papa and Devecser, both German strong points covering the approaches to the Austrian border. The Reichsführer-SS is replaced by General Heinrici as Commander in Chief of Army Group Weichsel.

 

1945: The last organized Japanese troops on Iwo Jima make a suicide attack. Total U.S. killed on Iwo Jima is 6,891, with more than 20,000 Japanese being killed and only 216 captured.

 

*1938: Herman Goering warns all Jews to leave Austria.

 

AnnSheridan5.jpg Ann Sheridan

 

**Clara Lou Sheridan was born February 21, 1915, in Denton, Texas, to an automobile mechanic and his homemaker wife. The youngest of five children, she grew up in a normal childhood environment. She was a self-described tomboy and was very athletic, and played on the girls basketball team for North Texas State Teacher's College, where she was planning to enter the teaching field. Her sister thought her beautiful enough to send in a picture of Ann in a bathing suit to Paramount Studios. The "Search for Beauty" contest carried, as the prize, a screen test and a bit part in a movie. She won and was signed to a contract at the age of 19. Her first film was the prize: a bit role in "Wagon Wheels" (1934). Performing under her real name of Clara Lou, she appeared in 12 more films that year, most designed to showcase her beauty along with other starlets that Paramount had signed. Twelve more bit parts followed in 1935. The following year, she left Paramount and signed with Warner Brothers, where more of the same followed. It wasn't until 1938 that Clara Lou, now Ann, landed a role with substance as Laury Ferguson in "Angels with Dirty Faces" (1938). Known as the "Oomph Girl," a nickname she detested, she became one of the most glamorous women in Hollywood. Rex Harrison said of her, "I was struck by her extraordinary magnetism and directness," and noted that he liked her "distinctive quality of earthiness that never transcends to blatant sexiness." Her beauty made her a favorite pin-up, along with Betty Grable. She grew into a leading star who could adapt to any role. She was put into a lot of comedies, many of which were quite forgettable, but the public loved her, and critics began to take notice of her after terrific performances in "Torrid Zone" (1940) and as the saucy waitress who marries George Raft in "They Drive by Night" (1940). She was also singled out for another standout performance in "Kings Row" (1942) with future politician Ronald Reagan. She starred with Cary Grant in Howard Hawks screwball comedy "I Was a Male War Bride" (1949). As she entered the 1950s, however, her career went into a decline. She was aging -- as was sadly evident in her last film, the turgid "Woman and the Hunter" (1957) -- and a crop of younger actresses coming up meant her services were no longer in demand. She moved to New York and took whatever acting jobs she could find, whether on stage or TV. Most soap opera fans may remember her in "Another World" (1964), but she is best remembered by TV audiences as Henrietta Hanks in the western comedy "Pistols 'n' Petticoats" (1966). Her career was taking off again, but the success was short-lived. Ann died on January 21, 1967, in San Fernando Valley, California, of esophageal and liver cancer. She didn't get to live out her series' first season. She was 51.

 

TRIVIA:

Measurements: 36-25-35 1/2 (Source: Celebrity Sleuth magazine)

Height: 5' 5 1/2" (1.66 m)

Spouse:

Scott McKay (5 June 1966 - 21 January 1967) (her death)

George Brent (5 January 1942 - 5 January 1943) (divorced)

Edward Norris (16 August 1936 - 6 October 1938) (divorced)

 

belmontradio-march1944.jpg Belmont Radio Ad - March 1944

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