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This Day in WWII 17 September 1939 - 1944


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CurtissWrightAd-Sept1943.jpgCurtis Wright Ad - September 1943

 

 

1939: American aviation hero Charles A. Lindbergh makes his first anti-intervention radio speech. The U.S. non-intervention movement is supported not just by Lindbergh, but by former president Herbert Hoover, Theodore Roosevelt Jr. Henry Ford and a number of senators and congressmen as well.

 

1939: The Aircraft Carrier HMS Courageous is torpedoed by U29 (Kapitanleutnant Schuhart) south-west of Ireland, killing 515, but 687 sailors survive.

 

Kathryn%20Grayson1.jpg*Kathryn Grayson

 

 

1939: Kutno and Brest-Litovsk are captured by German troops.

 

1939: The Red Army invades Poland from the East with a million troops on the pretext of "protecting Poland's Byelorussian and Ukrainian population." The Polish government seeks asylum in Romania, where it is interned.

 

1939: The Polish Air Force scores its last kills during the battle for Poland, by shooting down a German Dornier bomber and a Soviet fighter.

 

Kathryn%20Grayson2.jpgKathryn Grayson

 

 

1940: Churchill announces in the Commons that in first half of September 2,000 civilians have been killed and 8,000 seriously injured in air raids; the figure for service casualties, for the same period was 250.

 

1940: Liner City of Benares, evacuating children to Canada, is sunk by U48; 77 out of 99 children lost, total killed 260.

 

1940: Hitler postpones Operation Sealion, the plan to invade Britain, until further notice.

 

Kathryn%20Grayson3.jpg Kathryn Grayson

 

 

1941: The US allocates $100,000,000 to the Soviet Union for the purchase of war materials.

 

1941: British and Russian troops occupy Teheran, after Iran failed to comply with their demand to expel all Axis nationals.

 

1941: Beginning of general deportation of German Jews.

 

DotFastenersAd-Sept1943.jpgDot Fasteners Ad - September 1943

 

 

1942: British Prime Minister Winston Churchill meets with Soviet Premier Josef Stalin in Moscow as the German Army rams into Stalingrad.

 

1942: Bitter street fighting in the north west suburbs of Stalingrad.

 

1942: Peace talks in Madagascar break down.

 

Kathryn%20Grayson4.jpgKathryn Grayson

 

 

1943: Stalin announces the capture of Bryansk.

 

1943: The Germans begin a withdrawal from Salerno as the British 8th Army joins forces with British and U.S. troops in the Salerno bridgehead.

 

Kathryn%20Grayson5.jpgKathryn Grayson

 

 

1944: Monte Altuzzo finally falls to the U.S. 85th Division.

 

1944: Operation 'Market Garden' begins with First Allied Airborne Army drops at Eindhoven, Nijmegen and Arnhem to secure bridgeheads, as the British Second Army pushes north into Holland from Belgium, to link up. Canadians launch all-out assault on the Boulogne garrison.

 

1944: Russian forces push towards Baltic through Estonia.

 

Kathryn%20Grayson6.jpgKathryn Grayson

 

 

*Kathryn Grayson was born Zelma Kathryn Elisabeth Hedrick in Winston-Salem, North Carolina on February 9, 1922. Her childhood was spent in St. Louis where she studied voice before training with Frances Marshall of the Chicago Civic Opera and later was signed by RCA Red Seal records at the age of 15.

Her first fim appearance was in Andy Hardy's "Private Secretary" (1941) as Andy Hardy's secretary Kathryn Land. Though she started out as MGM's answer to Deanna Durbin in films such as "Seven Sweethearts" (1942) and "Anchors Aweigh" (1945), she became a top star in "Thousands Cheer", "Anchors Aweigh" and "Two Sisters from Boston", and in the film versions of the Broadway hit "Kiss Me Kate" (1953). In this film, she teamed up with Howard Keel, with whom she had starred earlier in the 1951 Technicolor remake of "Show Boat", and in 1952's "Lovely to Look At", a 1952 Technicolor version of "Roberta". She and Keel also appeared together in a highly successful cabaret act in the 1960s. She also appeared in a duo of films with tenor Mario Lanza, "That Midnight Kiss" (1949) and "The Toast of New Orleans" (1950).

 

Kathryn%20Grayson7-Sinatra&Kelly.jpgFrank Sinatra, Kathryn Grayson & Gene Kelly in "Anchors Aweigh"

 

Grayson appeared on television occasionally. Her first TV appearances were in the 1950s, and she received an Emmy nomination in 1956 for her performance in the "General Electric Theater" episode "Shadow on the Heart" with John Ericson. More recently, she appeared in several episodes of Angela Lansbury's series "Murder, She Wrote" in the late 1980s.

 

Kathryn%20Grayson8.jpgKathryn Grayson

 

 

With the end of MGM's great era of musicals, so ended Grayson's film career. She was on stage in numerous stage musicals such as "Show Boat", "Rosalinda", "Kiss Me, Kate", "Naughty Marietta", and "The Merry Widow", for which she was nominated for Chicago's Sarah Siddons Award. This led to her as a replacement for Julie Andrews on Broadway in 1962 in "Camelot", scoring a great success as Queen Guenevere, before going on to star in the National tour for over sixteen months, after which she left the show due to health problems. During her period with the Camelot tour, all box-office records were broken and she gained uniformly excellent notices. Grayson had a lifelong dream of being an opera star, and she appeared in a number of operas in the 1960s, such as "La bohème", "Madama Butterfly", "Orpheus in the Underworld" and "La traviata". Her dramatic and comedy stage roles included "Night Watch", "Noises Off", "Love Letters" and "Something's Afoot" as Dottie Otterling.

 

According to her secretary, Grayson died in her sleep from natural causes at her home in Los Angeles, California on February 17, 2010, aged 88.

 

TRIVIA:

Height: 5' 2" (1.57 m)

Spouse:

Johnny Johnston...(22 August 1947 - 3 October 1952) (divorced) 1 child

John Shelton......(11 July 1941 - 17 June 1946) (divorced)

 

PullmanAd-Sept1944.jpgPullman Ad - September 1944

 

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