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This Day in WWII 18 October 1939 - 1945


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NestlesAd-October1944.jpgNestlé Ad - October 1944

 

 

1939: The Russians prepare to hand over 30,000 Polish soldiers and refugees to the Nazis who respond with their own prisoner exchange.

 

1939: The first Jewish ghetto is established in Lublin.

 

Andrea%20King1.jpg*Andrea King

 

1940: Britain reopens the Burma road, which had been closed for three months on the condition of progress being made towards peace between Japan and China. This hadn't happened.

 

Andrea%20King2-Yank.jpgAndrea King - Pin-up Girl, Aug. 10, 1945 Issue of YANK, the Army Weekly

 

 

1941: German units are now only 80 miles west of Moscow.

 

1941: Raids began against sub pens on Bay of Biscay, to protect North Africa invasion, but pens survived with 12-foot concrete roofs, defended by Luftwaffe's Me109 and FW190 fighters.

 

Andrea%20King3.jpgAndrea King

 

 

1942: Hitler orders German troops to shoot all captured allied commandos, 'to the last man'.

 

1942: An advance party of four Norwegian Special Operations Executive (SOE) Commandos are dropped by parachute to reconnoitre the area around the German 'heavy water' (atomic weapons development) plant at Telemark, Norway.

 

Andrea%20King4.jpgAndrea King

 

 

1942: The advance by Army Group A toward the Black Sea port of Tuapse is halted due to difficult terrain and stubborn Soviet resistance.

 

1942: After intensifying their raids during the early part of the October, German and Italian daylight bombing raids over Malta are finally suspended. The drain on aircraft being sent to other fronts has left little alternative.

 

1942: Vice Admiral William F. Halsey named as the new commander of the South Pacific Area, in charge of the Solomons-New Guinea campaign.

 

Andrea%20King5.jpgAndrea King

 

1943: Japanese troops go on a murderous rampage in China, burning to death the populations of several villages and forcing peasants to jump blindfolded off cliffs.

 

WrightAircraftEnginesAd-October1944.jpgWright Aircraft Engines Ad - October 1944

 

 

1944: The call up for the Volksturm begins in Germany, with all able-bodied men from 16 to 60 to be conscripted. German radio says 50,000 officers have been killed so far in war. Himmler becomes Commander-in-Chief, Forces of Interior.

 

1944: German forces thrust into Slovakia.

 

Andrea%20King6.jpgAndrea King

 

 

1944: Russian troops cross the Norwegian frontier.

 

1944: Lt. General Joseph Stilwell is recalled from China by president Franklin Roosevelt.

 

Andrea%20King7.jpgAndrea King

 

 

1944: Fourteen B-29s based on the Marianas attack the Japanese base at Truk.

 

1945: The first open session of the International Military War Crimes Tribunal indicts 21 top Nazis.

 

Andrea%20King8.jpgAndrea King

 

*Andrea King was born Georgette André Barry in Paris, France, however she lived there only two months before her mother, Belle Hart, brought her back to the United States. Belle was an ambulance driver on the front lines during World War I, as well as a dancer with the renowned Isadora Duncan. Andrea was raised in Forest Hills, New York, and Palm Beach, Florida, and adopted her stepfather's surname of McKee when she began acting professionally at the age of 14. Prior to signing with Warner Bros. in 1944, she appeared in three Broadway plays and two national companies, and managed to squeeze in her first screen appearance in The March of Time's first feature-length film entitled "The Ramparts We Watch" (1940). After signing with Warner Bros. and changing her professional name, Andrea's career took off very quickly, and she appeared in nine films in 18 months. King appeared uncredited in the Bette Davis film, "Mr. Skeffington" (1944). The Warner Bros. studio photographers voted Andrea the most photogenic actress on the lot for the year 1945. Her first leading role came early on with "Hotel Berlin" (1945), and until she left the studio system in 1946, she continued on as a glamorous, often mysterious leading lady. King was originally cast to play Dr. Lilith Ritter in Edmund Goulding's film noir classic "Nightmare Alley", but she choose instead a memorable role as sophisticated Marjorie Lundeen in "Ride the Pink Horse" (1947). Throughout the late 1940s and 1950s, she continued to work steadily in leading roles and "bad girl" second leads, and made many starring television appearances as well, most notably in the original 1953 live broadcast of "Witness for the Prosecution" for "Lux Video Theatre" (1950) opposite Edward G. Robinson. For her early work in television she received one of the first stars on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.

 

Andrea%20King9.jpgAndrea King

 

 

In the early 1950s, she moved away from films and began making many television appearances on such programs as "Fireside Theatre", "Cheyenne", "Dragnet", "Mike Hammer", "77 Sunset Strip", "The Donna Reed Show" and Perry Mason. Andrea continued to make occasional TV and film appearances through the late 1990s, until shortly before her death on April 22, 2003 from natural causes at the age of 84.

 

TRIVIA:

Height: 5' 5" (1.66 m)

Spouse: Nat Willis (6 October 1940 - 27 July 1970) (his death) 1 child

 

WrightAircraftEnginesAd-October1945.jpg Wright Aircraft Engines Ad - October 1945

 

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