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This Day in WWII 27 June 1940 - 1945


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GEAd-June1942.jpgGeneral Electric Ad - June 1942



1940: All French ships in British ports are seized by the Royal Navy.


1940: German troops reach Franco-Spanish border.


LaurenBacall1.jpg*Lauren Bacall



1940: Romania agrees to cede Bessarabia to the USSR.


1940: French C-in-C in Syria accepts armistice terms.


1940: Japanese troops occupy part of the Hong Kong peninsula.


LaurenBacall-Yank.jpgLauren Bacall- YANK Pinup Girl - November 1944



1941: German forces capture Bobruisk and Przemysl. Hungary declares war on the Soviet Union and agrees to send troops to help Army Group South.


1941: Denmark severs diplomatic relations with the Soviet Union.


LaurenBacall2.jpgLauren Bacall



1942: The FBI announced the capture of eight Nazi saboteurs who had been put ashore from a submarine on New York's Long Island.


1942: Convoy PQ-17 sets sail from Iceland. It consists of 35 merchants, 3 rescue ships and 2 tankers for refueling and is heavily loaded with 297 aircraft, 594 tanks, 4246 lorries and gun carriers, plus an additional 156,000 tons of cargo. The convoy is to be guarded by 21 close escorts, 7 warships from a cruiser covering force and a further 19 warships in a distant covering force. All told 1 aircraft-carrier, 2 battleships, 6 heavy cruisers, 23 destroyers, 4 corvettes, 3 minesweepers, 2 AA ships, 4 ASW trawlers are to protect the convoy. Additionally, 15 submarines, six of them Russian are placed ahead of the the convoy.


LaurenBacall3.jpgLauren Bacall



1942: Dr. Heinisch, the German administrator in the Przemysl area, issues a public instruction. "Every Ukrainian or Pole who attempts by any means whatsoever to impede the campaign for the deportation of Jews, will be shot. Every Ukrainian or Pole found in a Jewish quarter looting Jewish homes will be shot. Every Ukrainian or Pole attempting to conceal a Jew will be shot." In the next month, 24,000 Jews from western Galicia, Heinisch's district, pass through Przemysl. All are taken to Belzec and killed.


1942: German troops begin to outflank the British positions at Mersa Matruh. As this happens the British start to withdraw towards the El Alamein line, confirming radio intercepts that had indicated they would.


GMCAd-June1942.jpg GMC Ad - June 1942



1944: The British gain Hill 112 in Normandy.


1944: The Red Army recaptures Orsha on the Dnieper and destroys the trapped German 53rd Korps near Vitebsk. Further gains are reported by the Russians at Mogilev to the South of Vitebsk.


1944: The American Army captures the port city of Cherbourg, France.


LaurenBacall4.jpgLauren Bacall



1945: The U.S. Sixth Army reaches Aparri, effectively ending the campaign on Luzon.


1945: In a sure sign the war is winding down, the Ford company lays off workers at its Willow Run airplane factory near Detroit. The employee force is reduced to 4,000, from a peak of 42,000 workers making B-24 bombers.


LaurenBacall5.jpgLauren Bacall



*Lauren Bacall was born Betty Joan Perske on September 16, 1924, in New York City. Her parents were middle-class, with her father working as a salesman and her mother as a secretary. They divorced when she was five. When she was a school girl, Lauren originally wanted to be a dancer, but later, she became enthralled with acting, so she switched gears to head into that field. She had studied at the American Academy of Dramatic Arts in New York after high school, which enabled her to get her feet wet in some off-Broadway productions.


Once out of school, Lauren entered modeling and, because of her beauty, appeared on the cover of Harper's Bazaar, one of the most popular magazines in the US. The wife of famed director Howard Hawks spotted the picture in the publication and arranged with her husband to have Lauren take a screen test. As a result, which was entirely positive, she was given the part of Marie Browning in "To Have and Have Not" (1944), a thriller opposite the great Humphrey Bogart, when she was just 19 years old. This not only set the tone for a fabulous career but also one of Hollywood's greatest love stories (she married Bogart in 1945). It was also the first of several Bogie-Bacall films.


After 1945's "Confidential Agent" (1945), Lauren received second billing in "The Big Sleep" (1946) with Bogart. The mystery, in the role of Vivian Sternwood Rutledge, was a resounding success. Although she was making one film a year, each production would be eagerly awaited by the public. In 1947, again with her husband, Lauren starred in the thriller "Dark Passage" (1947). The film kept movie patrons on the edge of their seats. The following year, she starred with Bogart, Edward G. Robinson, and Lionel Barrymore in "Key Largo" (1948). The crime drama was even more of a nail biter than her previous film. In 1950, Lauren starred in "Bright Leaf" (1950), a drama set in 1894. It was a film of note because she appeared without her husband - her co-star was Gary Cooper. In 1953, Lauren appeared in her first comedy as Schatze Page in "How to Marry a Millionaire" (1953). The film, with co-stars Marilyn Monroe and Betty Grable, was a smash hit all across the theaters of America.


LaurenBacall6.jpgLauren Bacall



After filming "Designing Woman" (1957), which was released in 1957, Humphrey Bogart died on January 14 from throat cancer. Devastated at being a widow, Lauren returned to the silver screen with "The Gift of Love" (1958) in 1958 opposite Robert Stack. The production turned out to be a big disappointment. Undaunted, Lauren moved back to New York City and appeared in several Broadway plays to huge critical acclaim. She was enjoying acting before live audiences and the audiences in turn enjoyed her fine performances.


Lauren was away from the big screen for five years, but she returned in 1964 to appear in "Shock Treatment" (1964) and "Sex and the Single Girl" (1964). The latter film was a comedy starring Henry Fonda and Tony Curtis. In 1966, Lauren starred in "Harper" (1966) with Paul Newman and Julie Harris, which was one of former's signature films. Alternating her time between films and the stage, Lauren returned in 1974's "Murder on the Orient Express" (1974). The film, based on Agatha Christie's best-selling book was a huge hit. It also garnered Ingrid Bergman her third Oscar. Actually, the huge star-studded cast helped to ensure its success. Two years later, in 1976, Lauren co-starred with John Wayne in "The Shootist" (1976). The film was Wayne's last - he died from cancer in 1979.


In 1981, Lauren played an actress being stalked by a crazed admirer in "The Fan" (1981). The thriller was absolutely fascinating with Lauren in the lead role. After that production, Lauren was away from films again, this time for seven years. In the interim, she again appeared on the stages of Broadway. When she returned, it was for the filming of 1988's "Mr. North" (1988). After "Misery" (1990), in 1990, and several made for television films, Lauren appeared in 1996's "My Fellow Americans" (1996). It was a wonderful comedy romp with Jack Lemmon and James Garner as two ex-presidents and their escapades.

Despite her advanced age and deteriorating health, she made a small-scale comeback in the English-language dub of Hayao Miyazaki's "Howl's Moving Castle" (2004) ("Howl's Moving Castle," based on the young-adult novel by Diana Wynne Jones) as the Witch of the Waste, but future endeavors for the beloved actress are increasingly rare. Lauren Bacall died on August 13, 2014 of a massive stroke.



Measurements: 34-26-34 (her 1940 modeling card)

Height: 5' 8 1/2" (1.74 m)

Mother of actor Sam Robards, Stephen Bogart and Leslie Bogart.

Bacall was staying in the same New York apartment building (The Dakota) as Beatle John Lennon when he was shot and later died on 8th December 1980. When interviewed on the subject in a recent UK TV program hosted by former model Twiggy, Bacall said she had heard the gunshot but assumed that it was a car tire bursting or a vehicle backfiring.

She and former Israeli Prime Minister Shimon Peres (as of 2007, the President of Israel) are cousins. Both have the same original last name -- Perske.

Still undiscovered, Bacall volunteered as a hostess at the New York chapter of the Stage Door Canteen, working Monday nights when theaters were closed.


Coca-ColaAd--June1945.jpgCoca-Cola Ad - June 1945


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