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This Day in WWII 2 July 1940 - 1945


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Boeing-July1943.jpgBoeing Aircraft Ad - July 1943

 

 

1940: The British liner Arandora Star, carrying 1,500 German and Italian prisoners of war to Canada, is sunk by U-47 off the west coast of Ireland, with many casualties.

 

1940: Hitler orders preparation of 'Operation Sealion' the plan for the invasion of Britain. Germans issue casualty figures for French campaign: 17,000 killed and 1,900,000 French prisoners claimed. August Bank holiday canceled in Britain.

 

Beverly%20Garland1.jpg *Beverly Garland

 

 

1941: The RAF carries out night raids on Bremen and Cologne.

 

1941: Troops of the German 11th, Romanian 3rd and 4th Armies begin an offensive from Moldavia toward Vinnitsa and the Black Sea port of Odessa.

 

Beverly%20Garland2.jpgBeverly Garland

 

 

1941: China breaks off diplomatic relations with Germany and Italy.

 

1942: Allied convoys QP-13 and PQ-17 pass each other while the German battleships Tirpitz and Hipper prepare to attack PQ-17 in the North Atlantic.

 

Beverly%20Garland3.jpgBeverly Garland

 

 

1942: The British hold El Alamein despite heavy attacks, Rommel is now down to 26 tanks.

 

1942: JCS approves Pacific strategy-a dual Army-Navy attack.

 

Boeing-July1944.jpg Boeing Aircraft Ad - July 1944

 

 

1943: Greek guerrillas to come under the direct control of the supreme allied command in the Middle East. U.S. Fifteenth Air Force, raids three airfields in southern Italy.

 

1943: US troops land on New Georgia in the Solomons.

 

Beverly%20Garland4.jpgBeverly Garland

 

 

1944: The end of the battle of the 'Scottish Corridor' in Normandy result in the German counter-attacks failing to eliminate it. Field Marshal von Rundstedt, C-in-C West, is replaced by Field Marshal von Kluge.

 

1944: German troops evacuate Siena.

 

Beverly%20Garland5.jpgBeverly Garland in The Alligator People (1959)

 

 

1944: The Russians cut the railways to the West of Minsk.

 

1945: The U.S. submarine Trenchant sinks a Hagura Class Japanese cruiser in the Southwest Pacific. The British capture secret documents concerning a planned breakout of Honda's 33rd Army in Burma.

 

Beverly%20Garland6.jpgBeverly Garland

 

 

*Born Beverly Fessenden in Santa Cruz, California on October 17, 1926, beautiful Beverly Garland sustained an amazing 50+ year career in Hollywood, starring in numerous cult-classic "B" films in the 1950s before switching to television and supporting roles in better pictures in the 1960s. Using her first husband's last name and billed as 'Beverly Campbell' in a few of her early film appearances, in 1949 she married actor Richard Garland and afterward used Garland as her professional name. However, the couple dissolved the union in 1953, at about the point that Beverly Garland's career kicked into high gear.

 

For the next six years, Garland worked hard, making more than 20 films. Ms. Garland has two very significant historical television "firsts": she was television's first policewoman as the star of "Decoy" (1957) and, more importantly, the show gave her the honor of becoming the first actress to star in a television dramatic series. Following her 1959 film "The Alligator People", Garland cooled her film career and married businessman and developer Fillmore Crank. By the mid 1960s, Garland began making many television appearances and took roles in several successful series, including "The Bing Crosby Show" (1964-1965) and the final three seasons of "My Three Sons" (1960-1972).

 

Beverly%20Garland7.jpgBeverly Garland

 

 

Although audiences today largely recognize Garland from her prolific television work, cult film fanatics prize her horror and science fiction films from the 1950s. Her best horror and science fiction titles include "It Conquered the World" (1956; with Peter Graves and Lee Van Cleef), "Not of This Earth" (1957; with Paul Birch), and "The Alligator People" (1959; with Richard Crane and Lon Chaney Jr.). However, Garland was also known for starring in westerns, including "Bitter Creek" (1954; with Bill Elliott), "Gunslinger" (1956; with Allison Hayes), "Badlands of Montana" (1957; with Rex Reason), and "The Saga of Hemp Brown" (1958; with Rory Calhoun and Russell Johnson).

 

Beverly Garland maintained her acting career to through 2004, even with her ownership of the Beverly Garland Holiday Inn in Los Angeles, just a few blocks from the entrance of Universal Studios. Garland's hotel is also the Los Angeles site of Ray and Sharon Court's famed autograph conventions. In terms of acting, Garland had a recurring role on the WB's long-running family drama "7th Heaven" (1996-2006), and her final film appearance was in "Christmas Vacation 2: Cousin Eddie's Island Adventure" (2003; with Randy Quaid and Fred Willard). Sadly, Beverly Garland passed away on December 5, 2008, at the age of 82. She is survived by a daughter, a son, two stepsons, and a host of grandchildren.

 

TRIVIA:

Starting with "Remington Steele" (1982), she played mothers of three television women with hazardous lives; from the aforementioned show, Laura Holt (Stephanie Zimbalist), Amanda King (Kate Jackson) of "Scarecrow and Mrs. King" (1983) & Lois Lane (Teri Hatcher) of "Lois & Clark: The New Adventures of Superman" (1993).

Her father, James Fessenden, a native of New Orleans, was a member of a prestigious family line that included great-grandfather William Pitt Fessenden, Secretary of the Treasury under President Lincoln. Jim became a salesman.

 

Boeing-July1945.jpgBoeing Aircraft Ad - July 1945

 

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