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This Day in WWII 2 September 1939 - 1945


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ChryslerAd-Sept1943.jpgChrysler Ad - September 1943



1939: National Service Act passed in Britain.


1939: Hitler indicates to the Britain and France that he would withdraw from Poland provided that he was allowed to retain Danzig and the Polish Corridor. This was dismissed and a joint ultimatum was given to Germany to withdraw her troops from Poland within twelve hours or find herself at war with Britain and France.


Mary%20Howard1.jpg*Mary Howard



1939: Sweden issues a declaration of neutrality. German Ministers at Stockholm, Sweden, and Oslo, Norway, give a declaration that Germany would respect the integrity of Sweden and Norway.


1939: Failure of a last-minute effort by Mussolini to find a peaceful solution of the German-Polish conflict.


Mary%20Howard2.jpgMary Howard



1939: The Luftwaffe raids Warsaw. German troops capture the Jablunka pass in the Tatra mountains. Fighting continued for the strategic island of Westerplatte at the mouth of the Vistula River. A massive attack was launched by 60 Stuka divebombers of the II and III Stukageschwader Immelmann directed at crushing the island garrison. The air assault was not directly followed up by a German attack from the ground and the Poles were able to reorganize their defenses. German aircraft bomb railway station at Kolo, killing 111 refugees.


1939: The Germans start construction of Stutthof concentration camp in which 65,000 Polish Christians will ultimately perish.


Mary%20Howard3.jpgMary Howard



1940: Air attacks continue on London.


1941: RAF daylight raids on Occupied Europe miss only 19 days in August and September.


1941: General Sir Claude Auchinleck issues his first directive in respect to the forthcoming British Offensive, 'Operation Crusader', by ordering General Sir Alan Cunningham to produce a plan for the relief of Tobruk and the re-conquest of Cyrenaica.


FloridaCitrusCommisionAd-Sept1944.jpgFlorida Citrus Commission Ad - September 1944


1943: A special order of the day from Stalin announces the Russian victories on Voronezh, Bryansk, Donets and Sea of Azov fronts.


Mary%20Howard4.jpgMary Howard



1944: The launching of V1's from France ceases.


1944: The allies cross into Belgium.


1944: The Germans begin to evacuate the Aegean Islands.


1945: The formal Japanese surrender takes place aboard the USS Missouri in Tokyo Bay. (WATCH AMERICAN NEWSREEL)


Mary%20Howard5.jpgMary Howard



*Born Mary Rogers on May 18, 1913, in Independence, Kansas, she performed on the New York stage including the Ziegfeld Follies before moving to Hollywood in the early '30s. The daughter of Will Rogers, actress Mary Rogers was so anxious to succeed on her own without her dad`s help or influence that she billed herself as Mary Howard, and for several years managed to hide her lineage from prospective employees. In films from 1933, she never quite achieved stardom, but she managed to work steadily in features and short subjects. She was put under contract by Louis B. Mayer at M-G-M. A series of uncredited roles followed, in films like "The Great Ziegfeld," "Bars and Stripes," "The Face Behind the Mask" and "Marie Antionette." She also appeared in such Broadway productions as "On to Fortune" and "Crime Marches On".


Mary landed bigger roles in MGM fare such as "Love Finds Andy Hardy" (1938), starring Mickey Rooney, and S. Sylvan Simon's accomplished B melodrama "Four Girls in White" (1939), with Howard, Florence Rice, Una Merkel, and Ann Rutherford as young nurses. Also at MGM, in 1941 she was con artist Frank Morgan's daughter in "The Wild Man in Borneo" and Robert Taylor's leading lady (in what actually amounted to a supporting role) in the color Western "Billy the Kid". Neither film did much for her career. She had better luck at RKO, where her screen roles ranged from the heroine in the wacky Olsen and Johnson starrer "All Over Town" (1937) to playing Ann Rutledge to Raymond Massey's Abraham Lincoln in "Abe Lincoln in Illinois" (1940). She also appeared in the Twentieth Century Fox productions "The Riders of the Purple Sage" (1941) and "Swamp Water" (1941). Following her appearance in a supporting role in the Twentieth Century Fox production "The Loves of Edgar Allan Poe" (1942), Howard moved back to New York. She married Broadway producer Alfred de Liagre Jr in 1945 and retired from show business. Alfred de Liagre died in 1987.


Mary%20Howard6.jpgMary Howard



During WWII she toured service camps, helped organize the USO in Los Angeles and toured hospitals and camps Stateside for servicemen returning from war.


Mary Howard later became active in several philanthropic organizations, including Recording for the Blind, The Princess Grace Foundation, and various AIDS charities. She also helped to set up the Meredith Harless Memorial Endowment at Arizona State University. Harless, who was one of Howard's twin sisters, was the first woman to broadcast on Arizona television.


Mary Howard died of cancer on June 6, 2009 in Manhattan, aged 96; she was survived by a son, a daughter and a grandson.


BoeingAd-Sept1945.jpgBoeing Ad - September 1945


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