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This Day in WWII 23 October 1940 - 1944


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General Motors Ad - October 1943



1940: Hitler meets Franco, the Spanish head of state at Hendaye near the French-Spanish border. Franco declares 'Spain will gladly fight at Germany's side', but remains non-committal regarding Spain's entry into the war.

1940: The RAF continue its attacks on Berlin.


Dinah%20Shore1.jpg*Dinah Shore


1941: De Gaulle meets French Resistance and asks to spare the innocent and bide their time.

1941: Nazis forbid emigration of Jews from the Reich.

1941: It is decided that British forces should make their main approach on Gondar in Abyssinia, from the direction of Adowa due to the better road conditions.


Dinah%20Shore2.jpgDinah Shore


1942: Mrs. Eleanor Roosevelt arrives in London for a three-week visit as guest of the King.

1942: The battleship Tirpitz leaves Bogenfjord and moves south to Lofjord near Trondheim, where it is to be refitted.

1942: The Western Task Force, destined for North Africa, departs from Hampton Roads, Virginia.


Dinah%20Shore3.jpgDinah Shore


1942: The Second Battle of El Alamein begins with a 1,000-gun bombardment. The Eighth Army gains ground on a 6-mile front and repulses Axis counter-attacks.

1942: The RAF launches bombing raids against the Italian cities of Genoa and Turin.

1942: The previously undefeated Sandai division of the Japanese army suffers its first loss of the war when it fails to capture Henderson Airfield on Guadalcanal.


GeneralMotorsAd-October1944.jpgGeneral Motors Ad - October 1944


1943: A German torpedo boat flotilla sinks the Royal Navy cruiser Charybdis and the destroyer Limborne in a Channel duel.

1943: Russians take Melitopol after 10-days of fighting; Dnepropetrovsk falls to Malinovsky, while a tank army reaches Krivoi Rog.


Dinah%20Shore4.jpgDinah Shore Entertaining Troops During WWII


1944: The 3rd Panzer Corps begin a six day counter attack around Debrecen.

1944: The decisive three-day battle of Leyte Gulf begins. The Japanese lose four carriers, three battleships, six heavy and four light cruisers, 11 destroyers, one submarine and some 500 planes, with approximately 10,000 sailors killed. The first organized use of Kamikaze's by the Japanese are reported. (WATCH VIDEO) (8:57)


Dinah%20Shore5.jpgDinah Shore


*Dinah Shore was born Frances Rose Shore on February 29, 1916. She was most popular during the Big Band era of the 1940s and 1950s.

After failing singing auditions for the bands of Benny Goodman and both Jimmy Dorsey and his brother Tommy Dorsey, Shore struck out on her own to become the first singer of her era to achieve huge solo success. She had a string of 80 charted popular hits, lasting from 1940 into the late '50s, and after appearing in a handful of films went on to a four-decade career in American television, starring in her own music and variety shows in the '50s and '60s and hosting two talk shows in the '70s. TV Guide magazine ranked her at #16 on their list of the top fifty television stars of all time. Stylistically, Dinah Shore was compared to two singers who followed her in the mid-to-late '40s and early '50s, Doris Day and Patti Page.

In March 1939, Shore debuted on national radio on the Sunday afternoon CBS radio program, "Ben Bernie's Orchestra". In February 1940, she became a featured vocalist on the NBC Radio program "The Chamber Music Society of Lower Basin Street", a showcase for traditional Dixieland and Blues songs. With Shore, the program became so popular that it was moved from 4:30 Sunday afternoon to a 9:00 Monday night time slot in September. In her prime-time debut for "the music of the Three Bs, Barrelhouse, Boogie-woogie and the Blues", she was introduced as "Mademoiselle Dinah 'Diva' Shore, who starts a fire by rubbing two notes together!" She recorded with the two Basin Street bands for RCA Victor; one of her records was the eponymous "Dinah's Blues."

Shore's singing came to the attention of Eddie Cantor. He signed her as a regular on his radio show, "Time to Smile", in 1940. Shore credits him for teaching her self-confidence, comedic timing, and the ways of connecting with an audience. Cantor bought the rights to an adapted Ukrainian folk song with new lyrics by Jack Lawrence for Shore to record for RCA Victor's Bluebird label. This song, "Yes, My Darling Daughter," became her first major hit, selling 500,000 copies in weeks, which was unusual for that time.

Shore soon became a successful singing star with her own radio show in 1943, "Call to Music". Also in 1943, she appeared in her first movie, "Thank Your Lucky Stars", starring Cantor. She soon went to another radio show, "Paul Whiteman Presents". During this time, the United States was involved in World War II and Shore became a favorite with the troops. She had hits, including "Blues In the Night", "Jim", "You'd Be So Nice To Come Home To", and "I'll Walk Alone", the first of her number-one hits. To support the troops overseas, she participated in USO tours to Europe. She met George Montgomery, a young actor ready to go into military service. They married on December 3, 1943, shortly before he went into service. When he returned, they settled in San Fernando, California. In 1948, their first child was born, a daughter named Melissa Ann, and they adopted a son in 1954 named John David before moving to Beverly Hills.

Shore continued appearing in radio shows throughout the 1940s, including "Birds Eye-Open House" and "Ford Radio Show". In early 1946, she moved to another label, Columbia Records. At Columbia, Shore enjoyed the greatest commercial success of her recording career, starting with her first Columbia single release, "Shoo Fly Pie And Apple Pan Dowdy", and peaking with the most popular song of 1948, "Buttons and Bows", which was number one for ten weeks. Other number one hits at Columbia included "The Gypsy" and "The Anniversary Song". One of her most popular recordings was the holiday perennial "Baby, It's Cold Outside" with Buddy Clark from 1949. The song was covered by many other artists, Ella Fitzgerald, for example. Other hits during her four years at Columbia included "Laughing on the Outside (Crying on the Inside)", "I Wish I Didn't Love You So", "I Love You (For Sentimental Reasons)", "Doin' What Comes Naturally", and "Dear Hearts And Gentle People". She was a regular with Jack Smith on his quarter-hour radio show on CBS. Shore acted in films such as "Follow the Boys" and "Up in Arms" (both in 1944), "Belle of the Yukon" (1945), and "Till the Clouds Roll By" (1946). She lent her musical voice to two Disney films: "Make Mine Music" (1946) and "Fun and Fancy Free" (1947). Her last starring film role was for Paramount Pictures in "Aaron Slick from Punkin Crick" (1952), co-starring Alan Young and Metropolitan Opera star Robert Merrill.


Dinah%20Shore6.jpgDinah Shore


In 1950, Shore went back to RCA with a deal to record 100 sides for $1,000,000. The hits kept coming, but with less frequency, and were not charting as high as in the '40s. Dinah's biggest hits of this era were "My Heart Cries for You" and "Sweet Violets", both peaking at number three in 1951. Several duets with Tony Martin did well, with "A Penny A Kiss" being the most popular, reaching number eight. "Blue Canary" was a 1953 hit and her covers of "Changing Partners" and "If I Give My Heart To You" were popular top twenty hits. "Love and Marriage" and "Whatever Lola Wants" were top twenty hits from 1955. "Chantez, Chantez" was her last top twenty hit, staying on the charts for over twenty weeks in 1957. Shore stayed with RCA until 1959, and during that time released albums including Bouquet of Blues, Once in a While, and Vivacious, which were collections of singles with different orchestras and conductors such as Frank DeVol and Hugo Winterhalter. Moments Like These, a studio album from 1958, recorded in stereo, with orchestra under the musical direction of Harry Zimmerman, who performed the same duties on "The Dinah Shore Chevy Show", being the exception.

In 1959 Dinah was wooed from RCA by Capitol Records. She recorded only one "almost" hit for her new label, I Ain't Down Yet, which "bubbled under the hot 100" on Billboard's pop chart, peaking at 102 in 1960. However, she recorded six albums which remain her strongest recording legacy. These were carefully considered "theme albums" that paired Dinah with arranger Nelson Riddle (Dinah, Yes Indeed!) conductor and accompanist Andre Previn (Somebody Loves Me and Dinah Sings, Previn Plays) and jazz's Red Norvo (Dinah Sings Some Blues With Red). Her final two albums for Capitol at this time were Dinah, Down Home and The Fabulous Hits (Newly Recorded).

Shore left Capitol in 1962 and recorded only a handful of albums over the next two decades, including Lower Basin Street Revisited for friend Frank Sinatra's Reprise label in 1965, Songs For Sometime Losers (Project 3, 1967), Country Feelin' (Decca, 1969), and Once Upon A Summertime (Stanyan, 1975). Her final studio album was released in 1979, Dinah! Visits Sesame Street, for the Children's Television Workshop. In 2006, DRG released For The Good Times, a CD reissue of "DINAH!," an album recorded for Capitol that had a limited Reader's Digest release in 1976. Shore recorded this album at the height of her talk show fame, and it featured her take on contemporary hits such as 50 Ways To Leave Your Lover, The Hungry Years, and Do You Know Where You're Going To (Theme from "Mahogany").

Soon after she arrived in New York in 1937, Shore made her first television appearances on experimental broadcasts for NBC. Twelve years later, In 1949 she made her official television show debut on the "Ed Wynn Show" and also made a guest appearance on Bob Hope's first television show in 1950. After being on many other people's television shows, she got her own, "The Dinah Shore Show" in 1951. Vic Schoen was her musical director from 1951-54, and also arranged music for her on the "Colgate Comedy Hour" (1954). She did two 15-minute shows a week for NBC. She won her first of many Emmy awards for the show in 1955. The show was sponsored by Chevrolet. The sponsor's theme song ("See the U.S.A. in Your Chevrolet") became the singer's signature piece...


See the USA in Your Chevrolet Dinah Shore, 1953


In the spring of 1993, Shore was diagnosed with ovarian cancer. She died of complications of the disease on February 24, 1994, at her home in Beverly Hills, California, five days before her 78th birthday, and was cremated that same day.


USRubberCompanyAd-Oct1944.jpgUnited States Rubber Company Ad - October 1944


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1 hour ago, Donster said:

1944: The decisive three-day battle of Leyte Gulf begins. The Japanese lose four carriers, three battleships, six heavy and four light cruisers, 11 destroyers, one submarine and some 500 planes, with approximately 10,000 sailors killed. The first organized use of Kamikaze's by the Japanese are reported. (WATCH VIDEO) (8:57)

Kamikaze attacks were a terrifying tactic.  The need for faster aerial interception lead to the development of the Goodyear F2G Super Corsair and the Grumman F8F Bearcat, neither of which would actually be used in combat.  The F2G project was slow and ended with VJ-Day and the F8F did not enter operational service until after VJ-Day and would quickly be replaced by the first generation of jet fighters.

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My uncle Gene was in the Battle of Leyte Gulf, on board the USS Suwannee escort carrier. They were struck twice by Japanese aircraft, the first hit was during the first deliberate kamikaze attack of the war. The second attack came a day later.

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