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This Day in WWII 09-27-1939 - 1944


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1939: The German pocket Battleships, Graf Spee and Deutschland, which had sailed from Germany in August, are given orders to attack allied shipping in the Atlantic.

1939: Sir John Simon’s first war budget, income tax up to 7s 6d in the £.

1939: Warsaw, besieged for more than two weeks, surrenders after continuous air and artillery bombardments. Near Grabowiec, 150 Polish policemen, 4 NCOs and 6 officers among 5,000 taken prisoner, are executed by the Soviets.

1939: Polish government-in-exile set up in Paris.

1940: Japan signs the tripartite pact with Germany and Italy, hoping to deter the USA from interfering in its affairs. However, this step had the opposite affect as the USA now saw Japan as siding with the aggressors.

1940: Heavy daytime attacks on Britain. British claim 133 German planes shot down, later revised to 52, with the RAF losing 28.

1940: Germany, Italy and Japan sign 10-year pact in Berlin recognising ‘New Order’ in Europe and Far East.

1941: The first liberty ship, the 'Patrick Henry' is launched at Baltimore naval dockyard.

1941: The first of the autumn rains fall and quickly turns the ground to mud.

1941: 23,000 Jews killed at Kamenets-Podolsk, in the Ukraine.

1941: After more than 3 months of fighting, British forces in Abyssinia capture the Wolchefit Pass, thereby opening the route to Gondar, the last Italian held town in East Africa.

1942: The 6th Army succeed in capturing most of the strategic Mamayev Kurgan hill and penetrates the heavily defended Red October and Barricades housing estates.

1942: Australian forces defeat the Japanese on New Guinea in the South Pacific.

1943: The Germans begin a General withdrawal of all forces in the Ukraine to positions on the west bank of the Dnieper river. Russians take the last German held port on the Black Sea, at Temyruk.

1943: The first of two heavy air raids against Wewak is conducted by the 5th AAF, with 64 Japanese planes and seven ships destroyed.

1944: It is announced that the first British jet fighter, the ‘Gloster Meteor’ was successfully used in action on the 4th August.

1944: After nine days of heavy fighting, the British are able to rescue their "lost division"--the first airborne paratroopers who have been trapped behind enemy lines. Their German opponents praise the paratroopers, calling them "the highest-quailfied men we have met during the entire invasion campaign".

1944: German forces of Army Group E evacuate western Greece.

1944: 2,000 Poles of the Home Army surrender in Mokotow district of Warsaw.

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