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This Day in WWII 03-08-1940 - 1945


Donster
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cv030843.jpg General Somervell

1940: Heavy fighting is reported at the outskirts to Viipuri, as the Red Army continues its attempt to capture the city. This prompts the Finns to seek an immediate armistice, which the Russians refuse. Therefore the Finnish delegation in Moscow is instructed to sue for peace.

1941: The US Senate passes the 'Lend Lease' bill by 60 votes to 31.

1941: Martial law is proclaimed in Holland in order to extinguish any anti-Nazi protests.

1942: The RAF use GEE for the first time for target marking during a raid on Essen. The technique was known as 'Shaker' and consisted of aircraft marking the target with flares, allowing aircraft further behind to see the target more clearly. However the results of the raid were disappointing.

1942: Rangoon falls to the Japanese as the British forces escape to the north. The 17th Indian Division was now holding the Irrawaddy area and the 1st Burma Division the upper Sittang valley. The Chinese Expeditionary Force were farther north, with the Fifth Chinese Army defending Mandalay and the 6th Chinese Army was at Toungoo and defending the Burmese province of Shan.

1942: Japanese make unopposed landings at Lae and Salamaua on New Guinea.

1942: The Dutch on Java surrender to Japanese.

gloriadehaven1.jpg Gloria DeHaven

1943: Over 1,000 Germans wife's of Jewish men deported to concentrations camps are now protesting in Berlin. To prevent this kind of protest from spreading, Joseph Goebbels orders the release of the 1,500 Jewish men.

1943: Japanese forces attack American troops on Hill 700 in Bougainville. The battle will last five days.

1944: The US 8th Air Force carries out another heavy attack against Berlin.

1945: Phyllis Mae Daley recieves a commission in the U.S. Navy Nurse Corps. She will become the first African-American nurse to serve duty in World War II.

1945: British and Canadian troops involved in Operation 'Blockbuster' enter Xanten on the Rhine after several days of heavy fighting further to the South U.S. troops enter Bonn.

1945: Beginning of secret negotiations at Bern, Switzerland, between representatives of the American OSS (Allan Dulles) and the German High Command in Italy (General von Vietinghoff and SS General Wolff) for an early surrender of German forces in Italy.

1945: The Red Army penetrates into the southern suburbs of Breslau.

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1943: Over 1,000 Germans wife's of Jewish men deported to concentrations camps are now protesting in Berlin. To prevent this kind of protest from spreading, Joseph Goebbels orders the release of the 1,500 Jewish men.

Herr Goebbels never did have a head for math; used to have Himmler to his taxes.

1945: Beginning of secret negotiations at Bern, Switzerland, between representatives of the American OSS (Allan Dulles) and the German High Command in Italy (General von Vietinghoff and SS General Wolff) for an early surrender of German forces in Italy.

Dulles deliberately kept the communist-backed Italian partisans out of the negotiations. He did this to try to block their growing influence in Italian politics in the coming post-war Italy. Stalin was incensed over this, not only because he viewed it as thwarting his plans for post-war Europe, but also because he thought that this was the beginning of the Western Allies signing of a separate peace with Germany aimed at defeating Soviet forces in the East. This surrender was a milestone in the Beginnings of the Cold War.

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